February 4, 2016

A late digest today – Meetings and lab work kept me busy all day! Review about gut microbiota and malnutrition, Helicobacter infection affects local microbiome, salinity tolerance in corals, rhizosphere reviews, microbial mats in Shark Bay, and missing CRISPR regions in major bacterial lineages.


Assistant, Associate or Senior Editor (Microbiology and Infectious Disease), Nature Communications, London, New York or Shanghai

Bioinformatics Scientist, Microbiome – Synthetic Genomics, Inc. – La Jolla CA

Pregnancy and birth
Routine Amoxicillin for Uncomplicated Severe Acute Malnutrition in Children – Sheila Isanaka – New England Journal of Medicine

Review: The case in favour of probiotics before, during and after pregnancy: insights from the first 1,500 days – G. Reid – Beneficial Microbes

Review: Development of the Neonatal Intestinal Microbiome and Its Association With Necrotizing Enterocolitis – Timothy G. Elgin – Clinical Therapeutics

Human oral microbiome

Interesting choice of  journalPeriodontitis induced by Porphyromonas gingivalis drives periodontal microbiota dysbiosis and insulin resistance via an impaired adaptive immune response – Vincent Blasco-Baque

Non-oral gram-negative facultative rods in chronic periodontitis microbiota – Arie J. van Winkelhoff – Microbial Pathogenesis

Microbial profiles at baseline and not the use of antibiotics determine the clinical outcome of the treatment of chronic periodontitis – S. Bizzarro – Scientific Reports

Human respiratory microbiome

Effect of Advanced HIV Infection on the Respiratory Microbiome – Homer L Twigg III – American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Human gut microbiome

The emerging view of Firmicutes as key fibre degraders in the human gut – David Berry – Environmental Microbiology

Review: Gut Microbiota and Malnutrition – Matthieu Million – Microbial Pathogenesis

Review: Diet, Microbiota, And Dysbiosis: A ‘Recipe’ For Colorectal Cancer – Kishore Vipperla – Food & Function

Review: Microbiota, Immunity and the Liver – T. Vaikunthanathan – Immunology Letters

Animal and other models of microbiome research

Alterations of the Ileal and Colonic Mucosal Microbiota in Canine Chronic Enteropathies – Eric Cassmann – PLOS ONE

In a Neonatal Piglet Model of Intestinal Failure, Administration of Antibiotics and Lack of Enteral Nutrition Have a Greater Impact on Intestinal Microflora Than Surgical Resection Alone – Crystal L. Levesque – Journal of Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition

Development of the Chick Microbiome: How Early Exposure Influences Future Microbial Diversity – Anne L. Ballou – Frontiers in Veterinary Science

Gastric Helicobacter pylori Infection Affects Local and Distant Microbial Populations and Host Responses – Sabine Kienesberger – Cell Reports

Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Exploits Inflammation to Modify Swine Intestinal Microbiota – Rosanna Drumo – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Changes in intestinal microflora of Caenorhabditis elegans following Bacillus nematocida B16 infection – Qiuhong Niu – Scientific Reports

Chitosan lowers body weight through intestinal microbiota and reduces IL-17 expression via mTOR signalling – Dingfu Xiao – Journal of Functional Foods

The effect of agave fructan products on the activity and composition of the microbiota determined in a dynamic in vitro model of the human proximal large intestine – Marjorie E. Koenen – Journal of Functional Foods

Animal microbiome

Long-term salinity tolerance is accompanied by major restructuring of the coral bacterial microbiome – Till Röthig – Molecular Ecology

High-throughput sequencing reveals the core gut microbiome of Bar-headed goose (Anser indicus) in different wintering areas in Tibet – Wen Wang – Microbiology Open

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Spatial Distribution of Fungal Communities in an Arable Soil – Julia Moll – PLOS ONE

Soil Nitrogen Status Modifies Rice Root Response to Nematode-Bacteria Interactions in the Rhizosphere – Yanhong Cheng – PLOS ONE

Natural genetic variation in Arabidopsis for responsiveness to plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria – Paul C. A. Wintermans – Plant Molecular Biology

Metagenomic analysis of microbial consortia enriched from compost: new insights into the role of Actinobacteria in lignocellulose decomposition – Cheng Wang – Biotechnology for Biofuels

Microbial Profiling of a Suppressiveness-Induced Agricultural Soil Amended with Composted Almond Shells – Carmen Vida – Frontiers in Microbiology

Editorial: How does the tree root microbiome assemble? Influence of ectomycorrhizal species on Pinus sylvestris root bacterial communities – Aurélie Deveau – Environmental Microbiology

Lots of reviews on the plant rhizosphere in Trends in Plant Science: 

Review: Impact of Bacterial–Fungal Interactions on the Colonization of the Endosphere – Leonard S. van Overbeek – Trends in Plant Science

Review: Signaling in the Rhizosphere – Vittorio Venturi – Trends in Plant Science

Review: Root–Root Interactions: Towards A Rhizosphere Framework – Liesje Mommer – Trends in Plant Science

Review: Metabolomics in the Rhizosphere: Tapping into Belowground Chemical Communication – Nicole M. van Dam – Trends in Plant Science

Opinion: Mannitol in Plants, Fungi, and Plant–Fungal Interactions
Takshay K. Patel – Trends in Plant Science

Water and extremophile microbiome

Evolution of Chemical Characteristics of Technosols in an Afforested Coal Mine Dump over a 20-year Period – Ivana M. Rivas-Pérez – Land Degradation and Development

Microbial mats: New multi-scale perspectives on the stromatolites of Shark Bay, Western Australia – E. P. Suosaari – Scientific Reports

Spatial isolation and environmental factors drive distinct bacterial and archaeal communities in different types of petroleum reservoirs in China – Peike Gao – Scientific Reports

Salinity is the major factor influencing the sediment bacterial communities in a Mediterranean lagoonal complex (Amvrakikos Gulf, Ionian Sea) – Christina Pavloudi – Marine Genomics

Microbial diversity in European alpine permafrost and active layers – Beat Frey – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Nutrient and metal pollution of the eastern Gulf of Finland coastline: Sediments, macroalgae, microbiota – Yulia Gubelit – Science of the Total Environment

Food microbiology

Unraveling the Enzymatic Basis of Wine “Flavorome”: A Phylo-Functional Study of Wine Related Yeast Species – Ignacio Belda – Frontiers in Microbiology

Developmental Peculiarities and Seed-Borne Endophytes in Quinoa: Omnipresent, Robust Bacilli Contribute to Plant Fitness – Andrea Pitzschke – Frontiers in Microbiology

Viruses, phages, and CRISPRs

Major bacterial lineages are essentially devoid of CRISPR-Cas viral defence systems – David Burstein – Nature Communications

High-Throughput Isolation of Giant Viruses in Liquid Medium Using Automated Flow Cytometry and Fluorescence Staining – Jacques Y. B. Khalil – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Self-synthesizing transposons: unexpected key players in the evolution of viruses and defense systems – Mart Krupovic – Current Opinion in Microbiology


Assessing the impact of long term frozen storage of faecal samples on protein concentration and protease activity – Laura S. Morris – Journal of Microbiological Methods

More microbiology

Elie Metchnikoff, the Man and the Myth – Gordon S. – Journal of Innate Immunology

Microbes in the news

What Your Low-Fiber Diet Does to Your Health – Mandy Oaklander – Time

Your beard doesn’t contain poop, but it could help develop new antibiotics – Sarah Kaplan – The Washington Post

Modern microbial ecosystems provide window to early life on Earth. UM Rosenstiel School-led team reveals new details on modern-day stromatolites – Science Daily

Two Santa Clara University Students Confirmed with Meningitis – ABC7

USDA Imposes Stricter Limit On Salmonella Bacteria In Poultry Products – NPR Morning Edition

Young scientists present intriguing and surprising research – Kristen Browning-Blas – Colorado State University

Meet the CEO of Europe’s Leading Microbiome Biotech, Pierre Belichard of Enterome – Labiotech

Podcast: As Arctic Permafrost Thaws, Microbes Kick Into Action – with Janet Jansson – Science Friday

Podcast: Bear Gut Microbes Help Prep Hibernation – Karen Hopkin – Scientific American

Podcast: The Good Side of Viruses – Medical Discovery News


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