July 13, 2015

Trans-sialidases in human gut microbes, microbiome of the dairy cow’s uterus during metritis, and bacteria getting smaller because of ocean warming.

Jobs

Post-doctoral position is available in the laboratory of Lawrence David at Duke University: to help develop high-throughput microfluidic techniques for investigating bacterial interactions and ecology.

Conferences

Microbiome, Antibiotics and Human Disease, with Michael Fishbach, Martin Blaser, and Julie Segre – Cell Press Webinar July 28, 2015

11 speakers, only 1 woman: Meeting the Microbiome – 12 September 2015 – London, UK – CAM conferences

Microbiome of pregnancy and birth

High rates of Double-Stranded RNA Viruses and Mycoplasma hominis in Trichomonas vaginalis Clinical Isolates in South Brazil – Débora da Luz Becker – Infection, Genetics and Evolution

First Trimester Levels of BV-Associated Bacteria and Risk of Miscarriage Among Women Early in Pregnancy – Deborah B. Nelson – Maternal and Child Health Journal

Human oral microbiome

The impact of smoking and previous periodontal disease on peri-implant microbiota and health: a retrospective study up to 7-year follow-up – Quaranta A. – Annali Di Stomatologia

Human respiratory microbiome

Review: The Etiology and Pathogenesis of Chronic Rhinosinusitis: a Review of Current Hypotheses – Kent Lam – Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

Human gut microbiome

Discovery of intramolecular trans-sialidases in human gut microbiota suggests novel mechanisms of mucosal adaptation – Louise E. Tailford – Nature Communications

Viewpoint: Helicobacter pylori: enemy, commensal or, sometimes, friend? –  Michael B Whalen – The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries

Review: Engineering the Microbiome: a Novel Approach to Immunotherapy for Allergic and Immune Diseases – Nan Shen – Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

Review: Antimicrobial Use, Human Gut Microbiota and Clostridium difficile Colonization and Infection – Caroline Vincent – Antibiotics

Animal models

The microbiota regulates type 2 immunity through RORγt+ T cells – Caspar Ohnmacht – Science

Animal microbiome

Uterine microbiota progression from calving until establishment of metritis in dairy cows – Soo Jin Jeon – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Preening as a Vehicle for Key Bacteria in Hoopoes – Ángela Martínez-García – Microbial Ecology

Variation in the Microbiota of Ixodes ticks with geography, species and sex – Will Van Treuren – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

The Host as Driver of the Microbiota in the Gut and External Environment of Drosophila melanogaster – Adam C-N Wong – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

An Efficient Strategy Developed for Next-Generation Sequencing of Endosymbiont Genomes Performed Using Crude DNA Isolated from Host Tissues: A Case Study of Blattabacterium cuenoti Inhabiting the Fat Bodies of Cockroaches – Yukihiro Kinjo – Microbes and Environments

Arsenophonus and Sodalis symbionts in louse flies: an analogy to the Wigglesworthia and Sodalis system in tsetse flies – Eva Nováková – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Review: Microbial metagenomics in aquaculture: a potential tool for a deeper insight into the activity – Marcel Martínez-Porchas – Reviews in Aquaculture

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

High-Throughput Sequencing Reveals Drastic Changes in Fungal Communities in the Phyllosphere of Norway Spruce (Picea abies ) Following Invasion of the Spruce Bud Scale (Physokermes piceae ) – Audrius Menkis – Microbial Ecology

Diversity of endophytic and rhizoplane bacterial communities associated with exotic Spartina alterniflora and native mangrove using Illumina amplicon sequencing – Youwei Hong – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Communities of Cultivable Root Mycobionts of the Seagrass Posidonia oceanica in the Northwest Mediterranean Sea Are Dominated by a Hitherto Undescribed Pleosporalean Dark Septate Endophyte – Martin Vohník – Microbial Ecology

Precipitation modifies the effects of warming and nitrogen addition on soil microbial communities in northern Chinese grasslands – Naili Zhang – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Long-term responses of plant growth, soil microbial communities and soil enzyme activities to elevated CO2 and neighbouring plants – Baoli Duan – Agricultural and Forest Meteorology

Denitrifying and diazotrophic community responses to artificial warming in permafrost and tallgrass prairie soils – Christopher R. Penton – Frontiers in Microbiology

Methanotrophic community abundance and composition in plateau soils with different plant species and plantation ways – Yu Dai – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Water microbiome

More, smaller bacteria in response to ocean’s warming? – Xosé Anxelu G. Morán – Proceedings B

Microbial community changes along the active seepage site of one cold seep in the Red Sea – Huiluo Cao – Frontiers in Microbiology

Spatiotemporal dynamics and determinants of planktonic bacterial and microeukaryotic communities in a Chinese subtropical river – Yongming Wang – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Sediment Ammonia-Oxidizing Microorganisms in Two Plateau Freshwater Lakes at Different Trophic States – Yuyin Yang – Microbial Ecology

Detecting nuisance species using NGST: Methodology shortcomings and possible application in ballast water monitoring – Anastasija Zaiko – Marine Environmental Research

A novel bacterial community index to assess stream ecological health – Kelvin E. M. Lau – Freshwater Biology

Bioreactor microbiome

Functional and taxonomic dynamics of an electricity-consuming methane-producing microbial community – Orianna Bretschger – Bioresource Technology

Microbial community distribution and genetic analysis in a sludge active treatment for a complex industrial wastewater: a study using microbiological and molecular analysis and principal component analysis – Giulio Moretti – Annals of Microbiology

Bioinformatics and metagenomics

A reproducible approach to high-throughput biological data acquisition and integration – Daniela Börnigen – PeerJ

MetaBoot: a machine learning framework of taxonomical biomarker discovery for different microbial communities based on metagenomic data – Xiaojun Wang – PeerJ

Good laboratory practice for clinical next-generation sequencing informatics pipelines
Amy S Gargis – Nature Biotechnology

Transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics

Mining microbial metatranscriptomes for expression of antibiotic resistance genes under natural conditions – Dennis Versluis – Scientific Reports

Fractionation of biogas plant sludge material improves metaproteomic characterization to investigate metabolic activity of microbial communities – Fabian Kohrs – Proteomics

Combining Mass Spectrometric Metabolic Profiling with Genomic Analysis: A Powerful Approach for Discovering Natural Products from Cyanobacteria – Karin Kleigrewe – Journal of Natural Products

Microbial Ecology

Phylogenetic diversity analyses reveal disparity between fungal and bacterial communities during microbial primary succession – Shawn P. Brown – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Editorial: Stopping superbugs, maintaining the microbiota – Victor Nizet – Science Translational Medicine

Biofilm Formation As a Response to Ecological Competition – Nuno M. Oliveria – PLOS Biology

Pawnobiome: Manipulation of the Hologenome Within One Host Generation and Beyond – Jameson D. Voss – Frontiers in Microbiology

Functional foods

Review: Towards microbial fermentation metabolites as markers for health benefits of prebiotics – Kristin A. Verbeke – Nutrition Research Reviews

Techniques

Blocking primers reduce co-amplification of plant DNA when studying bacterial endophyte communities – Brett E. Arenz – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Microbes in the news

The role of the microbiota in preventing allergies – Medical Xpress

World’s largest steel company to use rabbit gut microbe to cut emissions – Emma Hartley – The Guardian

Paw Prints: Streptococcus bacteria a part of natural flora of cats and dogs – Niki Laviolette – Tribune Star

“I’m treating my son’s autism… with someone else’s faeces” – Liam Quinn – Daily Mail
This celebrity reckons autism can be treated with a poo transplant: is he right? – Clair Weaver – AWW

Navy Researchers Identify Bacteria in Human Serum – Christian Kotanen – Science DOD
surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy

Why you can’t just eat one french fry (or donut or slice of pizza) – Katherine Ellen Foley – SBS.com

Genetically Modified Bacteria Could Change Future Drug Treatments – Brandi – Clapway

Scientists at Brown University using federal grant to study mysterious fungus killing bats – The Sun Chronicle

Stop Kissing And Cuddling Chicken To Stop Salmonella Outbreak: CDC – Jill Arce – Tech Times

Bik’s Picks

New Horizons Science Update: Pluto Is The Biggest One Of All – Nadia Drake – National Geographic

Your last chance to see ‘Manhattanhenge’ sunset is tonight – Amanda Schallert – NJ.com

What’s in a name? For newborns, maybe fewer medical errors – Tara Haelle – MS News
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