July 8, 2020

Good morning! Today’s digest includes a broad selection of interesting research. Particular highlights include a study in rats that found microbiota transplantation attenuated neuroinflammation, a human study on the dramatic microbiome effects of dietary glycans, and a new technique for using drones to collect dolphin microbiome samples.

Pregnancy and early life

History of breastfeeding but not mode of delivery shapes the gut microbiome in childhood, Camille C. Cioffi et al., PLOS ONE

Preprint: Gut microbiota and fecal short-chain fatty acids are not associated with bone mass in healthy Chinese children: a cross-sectional study, Fengyan Chen et al., Research Square

Impact of Long-Term and Low-Dose Antibiotic Prophylaxis on Gut Microbiota in Children, Yuko Akagawa et al., The Journal of Urology

Human gut microbiome

Microbiome and health implications for ethnic minorities after enforced lifestyle changes, David M. Keohane et al., Nature Medicine

Preprint: Metaproteomics reveals potential signatures of disease-specific alterations in the gut microbial proteolytic events in inflammatory bowel disease, Zhixiang Yan et al., Research Square

High-resolution temporal profiling of the human gut microbiome reveals consistent and cascading alterations in response to dietary glycans, Richard Creswell et al., Genome Medicine

Preprint: High-throughput cultivation of stable, diverse, fecal-derived microbial communities to model the intestinal microbiota, Andres Aranda-Diaz et al., bioRxiv

Preprint: pH-dependent spontaneous hydrolysis rather than gut bacterial metabolism reduces levels of the ADHD treatment, Methylphenidate, Julia Aresti et al., bioRxiv

Animal experiments

The gut microbiota attenuate neuroinflammation in manganese exposure by inhibiting cerebral NLRP3 inflammasome, Wang and Yang et al., Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy

Magnetic fields modulate metabolism and gut microbiome in correlation with Pgc‐1α expression: Follow‐up to an in vitro magnetic mitohormetic study, Yee Kit Tai et al., The FASEB Journal

Preprint: Multi-omics analysis of aspirin treatment response in mice provide molecular insights and targets linked to liver fibrosis regression, Adil Bhat et al., bioRxiv

Animal microbiome

Limited influence of the microbiome on the transcriptional profile of female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, Josephine Hyde et al., Scientific Reports

The gut bacterial microbiota of sea turtles differs between geographically distinct populations, T. Franciscus Scheelings et al., Endangered Species Research


Sparse reduced-rank regression for integrating omics data, Hilafu, Safo and Haine, BMC Bioinformatics


An ecological framework to understand the efficacy of fecal microbiota transplantation, Yandong Xiao et al., Nature Communications

The use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to sample the blow microbiome of small cetaceans, Cinzia Centelleghe et al., PLOS ONE

May 7, 2020

Good morning! There’s a particularly broad collection of microbiome papers to share with you today, from the bacteria that hang onto wounds after debridement to the biofilms that form in the ancient ruins of a town buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. A few unusual highlights include the sexually transmitted microbiome of bedbugs and the gut microbes that colonize a sea cucumber after it grows up, remove its own digestive tract and grows a new one. Some interesting new software tools are hiding in the “Bioinformatics” section at the bottom as well.

General microbiome

Intracellular Staphylococcus aureus persisters upon antibiotic exposure, Frédéric Peyrusson et al., Nature Communications

Human respiratory microbiome

Investigation of the human nasal microbiome in persons with long- and short-term exposure to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and other bacteria from the pig farm environment, Md Zohorul Islam et al., PLOS ONE

Human skin microbiome

Microbial predictors of healing and short-term effect of debridement on the microbiome of chronic wounds, Samuel Verbanic et al., npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Human gut microbiome

Systemic short chain fatty acids limit antitumor effect of CTLA-4 blockade in hosts with cancer, Clélia Coutzac et al., Nature Communications

Functional and phylogenetic alterations in gut microbiome are linked to graft-versus-host disease severity, Mathilde Payen et al., Blood Advances

Animal experiments

Preprint: Metagenomic alterations in gut microbiota precede and predict onset of colitis in the IL10 gene-deficient murine model, Miyoshi and Lee et al., bioRxiv

Dietary Fiber Protects against Diabetic Nephropathy through Short-Chain Fatty Acid–Mediated Activation of G Protein–Coupled Receptors GPR43 and GPR109A, Yan Jun Li et al., Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

Probiotic strain Lactobacillus plantarum YYC-3 prevents colon cancer in mice by regulating the tumour microenvironment, Yuanchun Yue et al., Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy

Effect of stevia on the gut microbiota and glucose tolerance in a murine model of diet-induced obesity, Sarah L. Becker et al., FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Animal microbiome

Sea cucumber intestinal regeneration reveals deterministic assembly of the gut microbiome, Brooke L. Weigel, Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Mating changes the genital microbiome in both sexes of the common bedbug Cimex lectularius across populations, Sara Bellinvia et al., Proceedings of the Royal Society B

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Mutualist and pathogen traits interact to affect plant community structure in a spatially explicit model, John W. Schroeder et al., Nature Communications

Preprint: Seasonal dynamics of methane cycling microbial communities in Amazonian floodplain sediments, Julia B. Gontijo et al., bioRxiv

Preprint: Community succession of the grapevine fungal microbiome in the annual growth cycle, Liu and Howell, bioRxiv

Characterizing changes in soil microbiome abundance and diversity due to different cover crop techniques, Wang and Wu et al., PLOS ONE

Preprint: Specific and conserved patterns of microbiota-structuring by maize benzoxazinoids in the field, Selma Cadot et al., bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

The role of changing temperature in microbial metabolic processes during permafrost thaw, Komi S. Messan et al., PLOS ONE

Built environment

Microbial biofilm community structure and composition on the lithic substrates of Herculaneum Suburban Baths, De Natale and Mele et al., PLOS ONE


Comparative effectiveness of probiotic-based formulations on cecal microbiota modulation in broilers, Denise R. Rodrigues et al., PLOS ONE

Phages and viruses

Weirdo19ES is a novel singleton mycobacteriophage that selects for glycolipid deficient phage-resistant M. smegmatis mutants, Cristian Alejandro Suarez et al., PLOS ONE


Decoding the language of microbiomes using word-embedding techniques, and applications in inflammatory bowel disease, Tataru and David, PLOS Computational Biology

Sequence count data are poorly fit by the negative binomial distribution, Stijn Hawinkel et al., PLOS ONE

Preprint: sPepFinder expedites genome-wide identification of small proteins in bacteria, Li and Chao, bioRxiv

Logicome Profiler: Exhaustive detection of statistically significant logic relationships from comparative omics data, Fukunaga and Iwasaki, PLOS ONE

April 9, 2020

Good morning! There’s a diverse set of microbiome papers to share today, ranging from the human microbiome in Lynch Syndrome to the microbes that flavor wine and degrade paintings in art galleries. You may also want to check out the recent news that popular video game Borderlands 3 is introducing a new mini-game that prompts players to help “map” the human gut microbiome—technical details are hard to come by, but it appears to be alignment related. There is also a study that found more than 20 percent of recently published metagenomes are not accessible.

In addition, Microbiome Data Congress 2020 will be held online on May 6 and is offering free registration through tomorrow (Friday, April 10). Speakers include human microbiome researcher Dr. Nikos Kyrpides of the (U.S.) DOE Joint Genome Institute and soil microbiologist Dr. Kari Dunfield of the University of Guelph.

Human gut microbiome

Structure of the Mucosal and Stool Microbiome in Lynch Syndrome, Yan Yan et al., Cell Host & Microbe

Effects of sex and chronic cigarette smoke exposure on the mouse cecal microbiome, Tam and Filho et al., PLOS ONE

The gut microbiome but not the resistome is associated with urogenital schistosomiasis in preschool-aged children, Derick N. M. Osakunor et al., Communications Biology

Perspective: Developing a new class of engineered live bacterial therapeutics to treat human diseases, Mark R. Charbonneau et al., Nature Communications

Review: The gut mycobiome: The overlooked constituent of clinical outcomes and treatment complications in patients with cancer and other immunosuppressive conditions, Galloway-Peña and Kontoyiannis, PLOS Pathogens

Intestinal enteroids recapitulate the effects of short-chain fatty acids on the intestinal epithelium, Sarah C. Pearce et al., PLOS ONE

Animal experiments

A combination of monosodium glutamate and high-fat and high-fructose diets increases the risk of kidney injury, gut dysbiosis and host-microbial co-metabolism, Thatsanapong Pongking et al., PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Vineyard ecosystems are structured and distinguished by fungal communities impacting the flavour and quality of wine, Di Liu et al., bioRxiv

Bacterial community composition of vermicompost-treated tomato rhizospheres, Juana Munoz-Ucros et al., PLOS ONE

Field Performance of Mixtures of Pseudomonas and Bacillus spp. in Managing Papaya Ringspot Virus Disease and their Effect on Plant Defense Enzyme Activity, Ranasinghe and De Costa, Tropical Agricultural Research

Built environment

Detection of potential biodeterioration risks for tempera painting in 16th century exhibits from State Tretyakov Gallery, Alexander Zhgun et al., PLOS ONE

Microbiome and antibiotic resistome in household dust from Beijing, China, Long-Jun Ding et al., Environment International

Preprint: Microbial dark matter driven degradation of carbon fiber polymer composites, Adam M. Breister et al., bioRxiv

Phages and viruses

Preprint: Primate phageomes are structured by superhost phylogeny and environment, Jan-Frederik Gogarten et al., bioRxiv


PIA: More Accurate Taxonomic Assignment of Metagenomic Data Demonstrated on sedaDNA From the North Sea, Becky Cribdon et al., Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution


A restriction enzyme reduced representation sequencing approach for low-cost, high-throughput metagenome profiling, Melanie K. Hess et al., PLOS ONE

Science, publishing, and career

Every fifth published metagenome is not available to science, Eckert, Di Cesare and Fontaneto et al., PLOS Biology

March 20, 2020

Good morning! I hope this post finds you well. There are lots of new microbiome papers to share, including work on the disruption of E. coli biofilms, inconsistent diets used in Drosophila microbiome studies, and the effects of pollution on soil microbial communities.

General microbiome

Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by Fusarium scirpi and its potential as antimicrobial agent against uropathogenic Escherichia coli biofilms, Candelario Rodríguez-Serrano et al., PLOS ONE

Human gut microbiome

Targeted inhibition of gut bacterial β-glucuronidase activity enhances anticancer drug efficacy, Aadra P. Bhatt et al., PNAS

Gut Microbiome Pattern Reflects Healthy Aging and Predicts Extended Survival in Humans (preprint), Tomasz Wilmanski et al., bioRxiv

Propionic Acid Shapes the Multiple Sclerosis Disease Course by an Immunomodulatory Mechanism, Alexander Duscha et al., Cell

Adjusting for age improves identification of gut microbiome alterations in multiple diseases, Tarini S Ghosh et al., eLife

Environmental remodeling of human gut microbiota and antibiotic resistome in livestock farms, Jian Sun et al., Nature Communications

Review – Altering Routine Intensive Care Unit Practices to Support Commensalism, Hamilton and Behal, Nutrition in Clinical Practice

Household Pet Ownership and the Microbial Diversity of the Human Gut Microbiota, Ashley E. Kates et al., Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Meta-analysis – Assessing the efficacy and safety of fecal microbiota transplantation and probiotic VSL#3 for active ulcerative colitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Xiaofei Dang et al., PLOS ONE

Other human microbiome

Subgingival Host-Microbial Interactions in Hyperglycemic Individuals, P.S. Kumar et al., Journal of Dental Research

Investigating Bifidobacteria and Human Milk Oligosaccharide Composition of Lactating Mothers, Gabriele Andrea Lugli et al., FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Animal experiments

Effects of intestinal flora on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of aspirin in high-altitude hypoxia, Sun and Zhang et al., PLOS ONE

Meta-analysis of diets used in Drosophila microbiome research and introduction of the Drosophila Dietary Composition Calculator (DDCC) (preprint), Broderick and Lesperance, bioRxiv

The Carnivorous Digestive System and Bamboo Diet of Giant Pandas May Shape Their Low Gut Bacterial Diversity, Wei Gui et al., Conservation Physiology

Animal microbiome

Non-invasive evaluation of the equine gastrointestinal mucosal transcriptome, Coleman and Whitfield-Cargile et al., PLOS ONE

Dietary substitution of soybean oil with coconut oil in the absence of dietary antibiotics supports growth performance and immune function in nursery and grower pigs, Andrea G. Braundmeier-Fleming et al., Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology

Isoflavone supplementation, via red clover hay, alters the rumen microbial community and promotes weight gain of steers grazing mixed grass pastures, Brittany E. Harlow et al., PLOS ONE

Domesticated equine species and their derived hybrids differ in their fecal microbiota, J.E. Edwards et al., Animal Microbiome

Integrative analysis of gut microbiome and metabolites revealed novel mechanisms of intestinal Salmonella carriage in chicken, Khin K.Z. Mon et al., Scientific Reports

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Acute effects of PAH contamination on microbial community of different forest soils, Enrica Picariello et al., Environmental Pollution

Context-dependent Dynamics Lead to the Assembly of Functionally Distinct Microbial Communities, Leonora S Bittleston et al., Nature Communications

Lifting the veil on arid-to-hyperarid Antarctic soil microbiomes: a tale of two oases, Eden Zhang et al., Microbiome

Perspective – Toward Comprehensive Plant Microbiome Research, Kari Saikkonen et al., Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution

Water and extremophile microbiome

Deep-sea corals provide new insight into the ecology, evolution, and the role of plastids in widespread apicomplexan symbionts of anthozoans, Samuel A. Vohsen et al., Microbiome

Food microbiology

Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated From Korean Kimchi Activate the Vitamin D Receptor–autophagy Signaling Pathways, Rong Lu et al., Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Consumption of Fermented Foods Is Associated with Systematic Differences in the Gut Microbiome and Metabolome, Bryn C. Taylor et al., mSystems

Differential Microbial Composition of Monovarietal and Blended Extra Virgin Olive Oils Determines Oil Quality During Storage, Zullo and Ciafardini, Microorganisms

Phages and viruses

Honey bees harbor a diverse gut virome engaging in nested strain-level interactions with the microbiota, Germán Bonilla-Rosso et al., PNAS


FORENSIC: an Online Platform for Fecal Source Identification, Adélaïde Roguet et al., mSystems

Review – Accurate and complete genomes from metagenomes, Lin-Xing Chen et al., Genome Research

Powmic: An R Package for Power Assessment in Microbiome Case-Control Studies, Li Chen, Bioinformatics


RapidAIM: a culture- and metaproteomics-based Rapid Assay of Individual Microbiome responses to drugs, Leyuan Li et al., Microbiome

Non-microbiology picks

Marketplace shrimp mislabeling in North Carolina, Morgan L. Korzik et al., PLOS ONE