July 8, 2020

Good morning! Today’s digest includes a broad selection of interesting research. Particular highlights include a study in rats that found microbiota transplantation attenuated neuroinflammation, a human study on the dramatic microbiome effects of dietary glycans, and a new technique for using drones to collect dolphin microbiome samples.

Pregnancy and early life

History of breastfeeding but not mode of delivery shapes the gut microbiome in childhood, Camille C. Cioffi et al., PLOS ONE

Preprint: Gut microbiota and fecal short-chain fatty acids are not associated with bone mass in healthy Chinese children: a cross-sectional study, Fengyan Chen et al., Research Square

Impact of Long-Term and Low-Dose Antibiotic Prophylaxis on Gut Microbiota in Children, Yuko Akagawa et al., The Journal of Urology

Human gut microbiome

Microbiome and health implications for ethnic minorities after enforced lifestyle changes, David M. Keohane et al., Nature Medicine

Preprint: Metaproteomics reveals potential signatures of disease-specific alterations in the gut microbial proteolytic events in inflammatory bowel disease, Zhixiang Yan et al., Research Square

High-resolution temporal profiling of the human gut microbiome reveals consistent and cascading alterations in response to dietary glycans, Richard Creswell et al., Genome Medicine

Preprint: High-throughput cultivation of stable, diverse, fecal-derived microbial communities to model the intestinal microbiota, Andres Aranda-Diaz et al., bioRxiv

Preprint: pH-dependent spontaneous hydrolysis rather than gut bacterial metabolism reduces levels of the ADHD treatment, Methylphenidate, Julia Aresti et al., bioRxiv

Animal experiments

The gut microbiota attenuate neuroinflammation in manganese exposure by inhibiting cerebral NLRP3 inflammasome, Wang and Yang et al., Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy

Magnetic fields modulate metabolism and gut microbiome in correlation with Pgc‐1α expression: Follow‐up to an in vitro magnetic mitohormetic study, Yee Kit Tai et al., The FASEB Journal

Preprint: Multi-omics analysis of aspirin treatment response in mice provide molecular insights and targets linked to liver fibrosis regression, Adil Bhat et al., bioRxiv

Animal microbiome

Limited influence of the microbiome on the transcriptional profile of female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, Josephine Hyde et al., Scientific Reports

The gut bacterial microbiota of sea turtles differs between geographically distinct populations, T. Franciscus Scheelings et al., Endangered Species Research

Bioinformatics

Sparse reduced-rank regression for integrating omics data, Hilafu, Safo and Haine, BMC Bioinformatics

Techniques

An ecological framework to understand the efficacy of fecal microbiota transplantation, Yandong Xiao et al., Nature Communications

The use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to sample the blow microbiome of small cetaceans, Cinzia Centelleghe et al., PLOS ONE

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