November 17, 2020

Multi-site human microbiome

Microbiome diversity predicts surgical success in patients with rectovaginal fistula – Leach et al. – International Urogynecology Journal

Human oral microbiome

[REVIEW]Oral Microbiota and Cancer Development – Tuominen & Rautava – Pathobiology

Human vaginal/pregnancy microbiome

Shotgun sequencing of the vaginal microbiome reveals both a species and functional potential signature of preterm birth – Feehily et al. – npj biofilms and microbiomes

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]IBDs and the pediatric age: Their peculiarities and the involvement of the microbiota – Cococcioni et al. – Digestive and Liver Disease

Gut microbiome stability and dynamics in healthy donors and patients with non-gastrointestinal cancers – Byrd et al. – JEM

Species-dependent variation of the gut bacterial communities across Trypanosoma cruzi insect vectors – Arias-Giraldo – PLOS One

Gut Microbiota and Cancer Correlates – Malaviya et al. – Probiotic Research in Therapeutics

Short-Chain Fatty Acids and Lipopolysaccharide as Mediators Between Gut Dysbiosis and Amyloid Pathology in Alzheimer’s Disease – Marizzoni et al. – Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease

Built environment (subways, indoor surfaces)
Unravelling the importance of the eukaryotic and bacterial communities and their relationship with Legionella spp. ecology in cooling towers: a complex network – Paranjape et al. – Microbiome

Transductomics: sequencing-based detection and analysis of transduced DNA in pure cultures and microbial communities – Kleiner et al. – Microbiome

[REVIEW]NMR: Unique Strengths That Enhance Modern Metabolomics Research – Edison et al. – Analytical Chemistry

Microbes in the news (popular press, EurekAlert, ScienceDaily, Youtube, NPR, etc)

Study offers “indisputable” link between Alzheimer’s and gut microbiome – Lavars – New Atlas

October 30, 2020

Cancer inpatients with COVID-19: A report from the Brazilian National Cancer Institute – de Melo et al. – PLOS One

Few bacterial co-infections but frequent empiric antibiotic use in the early phase of hospitalized patients with COVID-19: results from a multicentre retrospective cohort study in The Netherlands – Karami – et al. – Infectious Diseases

Infection of dogs with SARS-CoV-2 – Sit et al. – Nature

General microbiome/metabolome

Metabolomics of primary cutaneous melanoma and matched adjacent extratumoral microenvironment – Taylor et al. PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

Microbial signature in IgE-mediated food allergies – Goldberg et al. – Genome Medicine

Gut microbiota profiles of treatment-naïve adult acute myeloid leukemia patients with neutropenic fever during intensive chemotherapy – Rattanathammethee et al. – PLOS One

[Book Chapter]Understanding Polyphenols’ Health Effects Through the Gut Microbiota – Selma et al. – Dietary Polyphenols : Their Metabolism and Health Effects

[REVIEW]Gut Microbiota: Its Potential Roles in Pancreatic Cancer – Li et al. – Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiol.

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Biological invasions alter environmental microbiomes: A meta-analysis – Malacrino et al. – PLOS One

Phages and viruses

[PREPRINT]VirION2: a short- and long-read sequencing and informatics workflow to study the genomic diversity of viruses in nature – Zablocki et al. – bioRxiv

[REVIEW]T cell immunity to commensal fungi – Scheffold, Bacher & LeibundGut-Landmann – Current Opinion in Microbiology


Prometheus, an omics portal for interkingdom comparative genomic analyses – Ko et al. – PLOS One

Microbes in the news (popular press, EurekAlert, ScienceDaily, Youtube, NPR, etc)

News in Brie! Scientists discover cheese is so smelly because it helps microbes ‘talk’ to the bacteria that makes it ripe – S. Howes – Daily Mail

October 21, 2020

Good morning from Northern Germany,

Today’s selection comprises among others new research about intestinal microbiome and breast cancer (by Koren lab), a perspective about the human microbiome in the 21st century and the diversity in marine sediments. Additionally, we selected a study about linking genetics, microbiome and autoimmunity (multiple sclerosis) in a mouse model and a study about postmortomics.


The 3rd Microbiome Movement – Skin Health & Dermatology Summit unites leaders from academia and industry to address the unique challenges that working within the skin microbiome possesses, with the goal to accelerate microbiome-targeted therapeutics and cosmetics.
View the event website for more details.

General microbiome

[Review] Metabolomics Signatures of Aging: Recent Advances – Sunil and Yulan – Aging and Disease

The human microbiome in the 21st century – Rackaityte & Lynch – Nature Communications

Human gut microbiome

The intestinal microbiome, weight, and metabolic changes in women treated by adjuvant chemotherapy for breast and gynecological malignancies – Uzan-Yulzari et al. BMC Medicine

[Review] The Role of the Gut Microbiota in Coronary Heart Disease – Liu et al. – Coronary Heart Disease

[Review] Gut microbial molecules in behavioural and neurodegenerative conditions – Needham, Kaddurah & Mazmanian – Nature Reviews Neuroscience

Animal experiments

Interactions between host genetics and gut microbiota determine susceptibility to CNS autoimmunity – Montgomery et al. – PNAS

Bifidobacterium alters the gut microbiota and modulates the functional metabolism of T regulatory cells in the context of immune checkpoint blockade – Sun et al. – PNAS

Bugs and drugs: a systems biology approach to characterising the effect of moxidectin on the horse’s faecal microbiome – Daniels, Swann & Proudman – Animal Microbiome

A pioneer calf foetus microbiome – Guzman et al. – Scientific Reports

Water and extremophile microbiome

Global diversity of microbial communities in marine sediment – Hoshino et al. – PNAS


[Review] Statistical and Machine-Learning Analyses in Nutritional Genomics Studies – Khorraminezhad et al. – nutrients
[Review] A need to consider the evolutionary genetics of host‐symbiont mutualisms – Stoy et al. – Journal of Evolutionary Biology


Postmortomics: The Potential of Untargeted Metabolomics to Highlight Markers for Time Since Death – Pesko et al. – OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology

October 09, 2020

Face masks: what the data say – Lynne Peeples – Nature

Pregnancy and early life

[REVIEW] Can we prevent allergic disease? Understanding the links between the early life microbiome and allergic diseases of childhood – Petersen & Turvey – Current Opinions in Pediatrics

Human skin microbiome

Atopic Dermatitis and the Role of the Skin Microbiome in Choosing Prevention, Treatment, and Maintenance Options – Baldwin ety al. – Journal of Drugs in Dermatology

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

[PREPRINT] Western-style diet impedes colonization and clearance of gut bacterial pathogens – Gewirtz et al. – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Taxonomic profiling of individual nematodes isolated from copse soils using deep amplicon sequencing of four distinct regions of the 18S ribosomal RNA gene – Kenmotsu et al. – PLOS One

The red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum: A model for host-microbiome interactions – Agarwal & Agashe – PLOS One

[PREPRINT] Meta-transcriptomic identification of divergent Amnoonviridae in fish – Turnbull et al. – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Metagenome analysis from the sediment of river Ganga and Yamuna: In search of beneficial microbiome – Behera et al. – PLOS One

Phages and viruses

[PREPRINT] Thousands of previously unknown phages discovered in whole-community human gut metagenomes – Benler et al. – bioRxiv


Metabolic pathway inference using multi-label classification with rich pathway features – Basher, McLaughlin & Hallam – PLOS Computational Biology

Big Data in metagenomics: Apache Spark vs MPI – Abuin et al. – PLOS One

October 07, 2020

Grant application (US specific grant)
2020 Biocodex Microbiota Foundation US $50,000 grant, supporting cutting edge research on the relationship between gut microbiota and chronic disease.
Deadline: October 15th.

General microbiome

Understanding the potential of lactobacilli in recurrent UTI prevention – Vagios, Hesham & Mitchel – Microbial Pathogenesis

Throat microbial community structure and functional changes in post-surgery laryngeal carcinoma patients – Hsueh et al. – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Bacterial diversity and prevalence of antibiotic resistance genes in the oral microbiome – Almeida et al. – PLOS One

Metagenomics of the modern and historical human oral microbiome with phylogenetic studies on Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus – Achtman & Zhou – Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B

Pregnancy and early life

In utero human intestine harbors unique metabolomic features including bacterial metabolites – Li et al. – JCI insight

Interactions between Environmental Exposures and the Microbiome: Implications for Fetal Programming – Banerjee, Suter & Aagaard – Current Opinion in Endocrine and Metabolic Research

Human nearly-sterile sites (blood, organs, brain)

Alterations in blood microbiota after colonic cancer surgery – Søby et al. – BJS Open

Human gut microbiome

Estimating molecular preservation of the intestinal microbiome via metagenomic analyses of latrine sediments from two medieval cities – Sabin et al. – Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B

Gut microbiota composition in obese and non-obese adult relatives from the highlands of Papua New Guinea – Jonduo et al. – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Fecal Bacteria as Biomarkers for Predicting Food Intake in Healthy Adults – Shinn et al. – The Journal of Nutrition

Animal experiments

Inulin fermentation by lactobacilli and bifidobacteria from dairy calves – Zhu et al. – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Microbial Diversity and Community Structure in Alpine Stream Soil – Rasool et al. – Geomicrobiology Journal

Food microbiology

Impact of dietary fibers in infant formula on gut microbiota and the intestinal immune barrier – Kong et al. – Food & Function


[PREPRINT] A framework for comparing microbial networks reveals core associations – Rottjers et al. – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news (popular press, EurekAlert, ScienceDaily, Youtube, NPR, etc)

Gut health benefits begin in utero – Brita Belli – YaleNews

Medieval poo holds clues to health of modern-day gut microbiome – Sara Rigby – Science Focus

September 25, 2020

Hello from Lübeck/Germany,
today we cover a broad range of microbiome related studies. Of particular interest is a preprint by the Korem lab about use of antibiotics and increase in aggressive behavior in D. melanogaster. This study got already some attention on Twitter and in the press. Furthermore, one preprint covers the C. difficile species problem, investigating the genetic heterogeneity of this species. Last but not least, I would like to mention a paper investigating responses of megakaryocytes, erythroid cells and plasmablasts as hallmarks of severe COVID-19 trajectories.


[PREPRINT] Longitudinal multi-omics analysis identifies responses of megakaryocytes, erythroid cells and plasmablasts as hallmarks of severe COVID-19 trajectories – Bernardes et al. – medRxiv

General microbiome

[PREPRINT] The Clostridioides difficile species problem: global phylogenomic analysis uncovers three ancient, toxigenic, genomospecies – Knight et al. – bioRxiv

Human respiratory microbiome

Longitudinal Changes in Early Nasal Microbiota and the Risk of Childhood Asthma – Toivonen et al. – Pediatrics

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW] Host–microbiota maladaptation in colorectal cancer – Janney, Pworie & Mann – Nature

Animal experiments

The maternal microbiome modulates fetal neurodevelopment in mice – Vuong et al. – Nature

[PREPRINT] Antibiotics increase aggression behavior and aggression-related pheromones and receptors in Drosophila melanogaster – Grinberg et al. – bioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

[PREPRINT] Viruses carrying genes for microbial extremotolerance are abundant and widely dispersed in the Atacama Desert hyperarid soil – Hwang et al. – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

[PREPRINT] Enrichment of novel Verrucomicrobia, Bacteroidetes and Krumholzibacteria in an oxygen-limited, methane- and iron-fed bioreactor inoculated with Bothnian Sea sediments – Martins et al. – bioRxiv

Built environment

[PREPRINT] The rise and the fall of a Pseudomonas aeruginosa epidemic lineage in a hospital – Petitjean et al. – bioRxiv

Metabolic traits

Metabolic trait diversity shapes marine biogeography – Deutsch, Penn & Seibel – Nature


[Preprint] Inferring microbial co-occurrence networks from amplicon data: a systematic evaluation – Kishore et al. – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Tiny bacteria impact our health in big ways – Gina Rich – The Washington Post (KidsPost)

Gut microbiome plays important role in sleep regulation – ScienceDaily

September 9, 2020


[PREPRINT] Long-term survival of salmon-attached SARS-CoV-2 at 4°C as a potential source of transmission in seafood markets – Dai et al. – bioarxiv

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW] Predictive values of colon microbiota in the treatment response to colorectal cancer – Galan-Ros et al. – Pharmacogenomics

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Long-term effects of western diet consumption in male and female mice – Hasegawa et al. – Scientific Reports

Young versus aged microbiota transplants to germ-free mice: increased short-chain fatty acids and improved cognitive performance – Lee et al. – Gut Microbes

Temporal changes in the fecal bacterial community in Holstein dairy calves from birth through the transition to a solid diet – Hennessy et al. – Plos One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Comparison of the microbial diversity during two different wine fermentation processes – Böhmer et al. – FEMS Microbiology Letters

[PREPRINT] Functional metagenomics of bark microbial communities from avocado trees (Persea americana Mill.) reveals potential for bacterial primary productivity – Aguirre-von-Wobeser – bioarxiv


[PREPRINT] BacAnt: the combination annotation server of antibiotic resistance gene, insertion sequences, integron, transposable elements for bacterial DNA sequences – Hua et al. – bioarxiv

Microbes in the news

Plant-based diets shine when looking at the gut microbiome – Zimlich

August 12, 2020

General microbiome

[REVIEW] Host–microbiota interactions in immune-mediated diseases – Ruff, Greiling and Kriegel – Nature Reviews Microbiology

[REVIEW] Diversity within species: interpreting strains in microbiomes – van Rossum et al. – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Animal microbiome

Vast Differences in Strain-Level Diversity in the Gut Microbiota of Two Closely Related Honey Bee Species – Ellegaard et al. – Current Biology

Oral and vaginal microbiota in selected field mice of the genus Apodemus: a wild population study – Matejkova et al. – Scientific Reports

Characterization of Cutaneous Bacterial Microbiota from Superficial Pyoderma Forms in Atopic Dogs – Older et al. – Pathogens

Water and extremophile microbiome

Cryptic fungal diversity revealed in deep- sea sediments associated with whale-fall chemosynthetic ecosystems – Nagano et al. – Mycology


[PREPRINT] Feature selection and causal analysis for microbiome studies in the presence of confounding using standardization – Goren et al. – bioarxiv

A Distance-Based Framework for the Characterization of Metabolic Heterogeneity in Large Sets of Genome-Scale Metabolic Models – Cabbia et al. – Patterns

FORENSIC: an Online Platform for Fecal Source Identification – Roguet et al. – mSystems


Bacterial mock communities as standards for reproducible cytometric microbiome analysis – Cichocki et al. – Nature Protocols

July 30, 2020

Hello from Lübeck! This week started slowly but our todays post covers quite a range of topics with a couple of reviews about our understanding of the gut microbiome related to digestive diseases. Of particular note is a publication by Kadosh et al. (Nature 2020) linking the gut microbiome and p53 in mice. This highlights the role of the microenvironment on cancer in general.

● Human vaginal microbiome

Changes in the vaginal microbiota following antibiotic treatment for Mycoplasma genitalium, Chlamydia trachomatis and bacterial vaginosis – Ahrens et al. – Plos One

● Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW] Gut Microbiome Modulates Response to Cancer Immunotherapy – Khan et al. – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

[REVIEW] Healthy Human Gastrointestinal Microbiome: Composition and Function After a Decade of Exploration – Ruan et al. – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

[REVIEW] Microbiome and Its Role in Irritable Bowel Syndrome – Pimentel and Lembo – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

[REVIEW] Diet and Gut Microbes Act Coordinately to Enhance Programmed Cell Death and Reduce Colorectal Cancer Risk – Chapkin et al. – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

Diversity of Gut Microbiota and Bifidobacterial Community of Chinese Subjects of Different Ages and from Different Regions – Yang et al. – Microorganisms

[PREPRINT] Gut Microbiota Changes in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Concomitant Cardiovascular Diseases – Kurinna – bioarxiv

Lactobacillus plantarum-Mediated Regulation of Dietary Aluminum Induces Changes in the Human Gut Microbiota: an In Vitro Colonic Fermentation Study – Yu et al. – Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins

Troublesome friends within us: the role of gut microbiota on rheumatoid arthritis etiopathogenesis and its clinical and therapeutic relevance – Reyes-Castillo et al. – Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Duodenal Microbiota in Stunted Undernourished Children with Enteropathy – Chen et al. – The New Englang Journal of Medicine

Small molecules, big effects: microbial metabolites in intestinal immunity – Glotfelty, Wong and Levy – AJP Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

The gut microbiome switches mutant p53 from tumour-suppressive to oncogenic – Kadosh et al. – Nature

Impact of PepT1 deletion on microbiota composition and colitis requires multiple generations – Viennois et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

[REVIEW] Recent advances in the role of plant metabolites in shaping the root microbiome – Jacoby et al. – F1000

Food microbiology

Selection of cereal-sourced lactic acid bacteria as candidate starters for the baking industry – Milanovic et al. – Plos One

The sources and transmission routes of microbial populations throughout a meat processing facility – Zwirzitz et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Phages and viruses

[PREPRINT] Characterization of the gut DNA and RNA viromes in a cohort of Chinese residents and visiting Pakistanis – Yan – bioarxiv


[REVIEW] Tools for Analysis of the Microbiome – Galloway-Pena and Hanson – Digestive Diseases and Sciences


Microbial community dissimilarity for source tracking with application in forensic studies – Carter et al. – Plos One

Microbes in the news

Pilot study examines facial microbiome diversity – Petrou – Dermatology Times

The 2020 Way To Treat Your Skin Is All About Bacteria, Bugs And Microbiomes – Driver – ELLE

July 29, 2020

● General microbiome

[REVIEW] The dialogue between unconventional T cells and the microbiota – Lin et al. – Mucosal Immunology

Human skin microbiome

Stability of Skin Microbiome at Sacral Regions of Healthy Young Adults, Ambulatory Older Adults, and Bedridden Older Patients After 2 Years – Ogai et al. – Biological Research For Nursing

The skin microbiome as a clinical biomarker in atopic eczema: Promises, navigation, and pitfalls – Reiger et al. – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

● Human gut microbiome

Feeding Bugs to Bugs: Edible Insects Modify the Human Gut Microbiome in an in vitro Fermentation Model – Young et al. – Front. Microbiol.

● Plant, root, and soil microbiome/metabolome

[REVIEW] The Application of Metabolomics for the Study of Cereal Corn (Zea mays L.) – Lena Gálvez Ranilla – Metabolites

Elevational is the main factor controlling the soil microbial community structure in alpine tundra of the Changbai Mountain – Tang et al. – Scientific Reports

● Techniques

A guide to deciphering microbial interactions and metabolic fluxes in microbiome communities – Maciek R Antoniewicz – Current Opinion in Biotechnology