April 13, 2017

Profiles of ulcerative colitis patients’ microbiota after fecal microbiota transplantation, a bioinformatics software package for rarefaction analysis, an artist who uses sweat and bacteria to create scents and sculptures.

General microbiome

Review: Microbial metabolites in nutrition, healthcare and agriculture – Rajendra Singh – 3 Biotech

Review: Modified Mediterranean Diet for Enrichment of Short Chain Fatty Acids: Potential Adjunctive Therapeutic to Target Immune and Metabolic Dysfunction in Schizophrenia? – Jamie Joseph – Frontiers in Neuroscience

Human respiratory microbiome

The Nasopharyngeal Microbiota of Children with Respiratory Infections in Botswana – Matthew S Kelly – Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

Human gut microbiome

* Microbial shifts and signatures of long-term remission in ulcerative colitis after faecal microbiota transplantation – Susana Fuentes – ISME Journal

Intestinal microbiome in children with severe and complicated acute viral gastroenteritis – Shih-Yen Chen – Scientific Reports

Unusual active site location and catalytic apparatus in a glycoside hydrolase family – Jose Munoz-Munoz – PNAS

Animal experiments

Enterococcus faecalis bacteriocin EntV inhibits hyphal morphogenesis, biofilm formation, and virulence of Candida albicans – Carrie E Graham – PNAS

The therapeutic protection of a living and dead Lactobacillus strain against aluminum-induced brain and liver injuries in C57BL/6 mice – Fengwei Tian & Leilei Yu – PLOS One

Microscale spatial analysis provides evidence for adhesive monopolization of dietary nutrients by specific intestinal bacteria – Yusuke Nagara – PLOS One

Review: Caspase recruitment domain 9, microbiota, and tryptophan metabolism: dangerous liaisons in inflammatory bowel diseases – Bruno Lamas – Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care

Individual variation of natural D. melanogaster associated bacterial communities – Yun Wang – bioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

A new polyketide glycoside from the rhizospheric Clonostachys rogersoniana associated with Panax notoginseng – Tian-Peng Yin – Journal of Asian Natural Products Research

Bacterial carbon use plasticity, phylogenetic diversity and the priming of soil organic matter – Ember M Morrissey – ISME Journal

Population and function analysis of cultivable bacteria associated with spores of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita – Liangkun Long – 3 Biotech

Water and extremophile microbiome

Exploring the ecological coherence between the spatial and temporal patterns of bacterioplankton in boreal lakes – Juan P. Niño García – Frontiers in Microbiology

Genomic comparisons of a bacterial lineage that inhabits both marine and terrestrial deep subsurface systems – Sean P Jungbluth – PeerJ

Bacterial community composition and dynamics spanning five years in freshwater bog lakes – Alexandra M Linz – bioRxiv

Occurrence of high-diversity metazoan- to microbial-dominated bioconstructions in a shallow Kimmeridgian carbonate ramp (Jabaloyas, Spain) – G San Miguel – Facies

Expression patterns of elemental cycling genes in the Amazon River Plume – Brandon M Satinsky – ISME Journal

Built environment

Comparison of microbial community shifts in two parallel multi-step drinking water treatment processes – Jiajiong Xu – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Probiotics/prebiotics

Engineered probiotic Escherichia coli can eliminate and prevent Pseudomonas aeruginosa gut infection in animal models – In Young Hwang – Nature Communications

Review: Unraveling the Differences between Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Probiotics in Modulating Protective Immunity to Enteric Infections – Sukumar Kandasamy – Frontiers in Immunology

Bioinformatics

* RTK: efficient rarefaction analysis of large datasets – Paul Saary – Bioinformatics

A geographically-diverse collection of 418 human gut microbiome pathway genome databases – Aria S Hahn – Scientific Data

Metabolomics

Indolepropionic acid and novel lipid metabolites are associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes in the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study – Vanessa D de Mello – Scientific Reports

More microbes

Influences of dissolved oxygen concentration on biocathodic microbial communities in microbial fuel cells – Laura Rago – Bioelectrochemistry

Microbes in the news

Waste-munching bacteria could make nuclear stores safer – Sam Wong – New Scientist

‘Young poo’ makes aged fish live longer – Ewen Callaway – Nature

Microbiology: Gut microbes augment neurodegeneration – Daniel Erny – Nature

* This Artist Turns Sweat and Bacteria Into Art – Annie Tittiger – Wired

Science, publishing, and career

Why do scientists fabricate and falsify data? A matched-control analysis of papers containing problematic image duplications – Daniele Fanelli – bioRxiv

Amy’s non-microbiology picks

Human knockouts and phenotypic analysis in a cohort with a high rate of consanguinity – Danish Saleheen – Nature

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