February 9, 2017

Metabolomic analysis to determine affects of antibiotic treatment on the microbiome, capsular polysaccharide structure from marine bacterium, altering soil bacterial communities from use of organic-inorganic fertilization, new CRISPR-Cas systems discovered in uncultivated microbes.

General microbiome

Metabolic effects of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 in people with type 2 diabetes: A randomized controlled trial – Reza Mobini – Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism

Pregnancy and early life

Diversity and composition of vaginal microbiota of pregnant women at risk for transmitting Group B Streptococcus treated with intrapartum penicillin – Luiz Fernando Wurdig Roesch – PLOS ONE

Human oral microbiome

Isolation and identification methods of Rothia species in oral cavities – Osamu Tsuzukibashi – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Association of oral microbiome with type 2 diabetes risk – J Long – Journal of Periodontal Research

Human skin microbiome

Microbiome precision editing: Using PEG as a selective fermentation initiator against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus – Ming-Shan Kao – Biotechnology Journal

Human gut microbiome

Comparative study on the in vitro effects of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and seaweed alginates on human gut microbiota – Shaofeng Bai – PLOS ONE

Rett Syndrome: A Focus on Gut Microbiota – Elisa Borghi – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Colonization with enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis is associated with early-stage colorectal neoplasia – Rachel V Purcell – PLOS ONE

Gut dysbiosis is associated with metabolism and systemic inflammation in patients with ischemic stroke – Kazuo Yamashiro – PLOS ONE

Glycomacropeptide sustains microbiota diversity and promotes specific taxa in an artificial colon model of elderly gut microbiota – Alexandra Ntemiri – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Animal experiments

Early life antibiotic exposure affects pancreatic islet development and metabolic regulation – Jiaying Li – Scientific Reports

Reduction of Abeta amyloid pathology in APPPS1 transgenic mice in the absence of gut microbiota – T Harach – Scientific Reports

Animal microbiome

Comparative study of the gut microbiome potentially related to milk protein in Murrah buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) and Chinese Holstein cattle – Jiachao Zhang – Scientific Reports

Fish Intestinal Microbiome: Diversity and Symbiosis Unraveled by Metagenomics – AM Tarnecki – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Exploring the symbiont diversity of ancient western redcedars: arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi of long-lived hosts – Monika A Gorzelak – Molecular Ecology

Community-level physiological profiling analyses show potential to identify the copiotrophic bacteria present in soil environments – Salvador Lladó – PLOS ONE

Arbuscular mycorrhiza enhance the rate of litter decomposition while inhibiting soil microbial community development – Heng Gui – Scientific Reports

Bacterial Community Structure after Long-term Organic and Inorganic Fertilization Reveals Important Associations between Soil Nutrients and Specific Taxa Involved in Nutrient Transformations – Fang Li – Frontiers in Microbiology

The effects of fluoride based fire-fighting foams on soil microbiota activity and plant growth during natural attenuation of perfluorinated compounds – Renato Nallin Montagnolli – Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology

Chapter: Phytostimulation and Biocontrol by the Plant-Associated Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42: An Update – Rainer Borriss – Bacilli and Agrobiotechnology

Chapter: New Insights in Plant-Associated Paenibacillus Species: Biocontrol and Plant Growth-Promoting Activity – Sadhana Lal – Bacilli and Agrobiotechnology

Variations of soil microbial community structures beneath broadleaved forest trees in temperate and subtropical climate zones – Sihang Yang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

The effects of elevated seawater temperatures on Caribbean gorgonian corals and their algal symbionts, Symbiodinium spp. – Tamar L. Goulet – PLOS ONE

Structural characterization of an all-aminosugar-containing capsular polysaccharide from Colwellia psychrerythraea 34H – Angela Casillo – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Illumina sequencing-based analysis of sediment bacteria community in different trophic status freshwater lakes – Yu Wan – Microbiology Open

Bacterial communities in sediment of a Mediterranean Marine Protected Area – Valentina Catania – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Metagenomic survey of the taxonomic and functional microbial communities of seawater and sea ice from the Canadian Arctic – Etienne Yergeau – Scientific Reports

The effect of top-predator presence and phenotype on aquatic microbial communities – Karen E. Sullam – Ecology and Evolution

Metabolomics

Divergent Relationships between Fecal Microbiota and Metabolome following Distinct Antibiotic-Induced Disruptions – Jocelyn M. Choo – mSphere

Techniques

A novel LCMSMS method for quantitative measurement of short-chain fatty acids in human stool derivatized with 12C- and 13C-labelled aniline – James Chun Yip Chan – Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis

More microbes

New CRISPR–Cas systems from uncultivated microbes – David Burstein – Nature

Adaptation of genetically monomorphic bacteria: evolution of copper resistance through multiple horizontal gene transfers of complex and versatile mobile genetic elements – D Richard – Molecular Ecology

Microbes in the news

Microbial Molecules from the Multitudes within Us – Matthew R. Redondo – Cell Metabolism

Boston Children’s Hospital and uBiome to Investigate Premature Births – PRWeb

Cholera bacteria stab and poison enemies at predictable rates – Georgia Institute of Technology – ScienceDaily

ADA funds Kostic Lab to create model linking the microbiome to type 1 diabetes – EurekAlert

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