May 12, 2016

Dandruff, archaeological dental calculus methanogens, extreme longevity, UK twins, and dissemination of human-derived bacteria into the Antarctic microbiome.

Pregnancy and birth microbiome

Early-life gut microbiome composition and milk allergy resolution – Supinda Bunyavanich – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human skin microbiome

Dandruff is associated with the conjoined interactions between host and microorganisms – Zhijue Xu – Scientific Reports

Human oral microbiome

Restricted diversity of dental calculus methanogens over five centuries, France – Hong T. T. Huynh – Scientific Reports

Metabolic and Community Synergy of Oral Bacteria in Colorectal Cancer – Kaitlin J. Flynn – mSphere

Peri-implant and periodontal microbiome diversity in aggressive periodontitis patients: a pilot study – Vanessa Sousa – Clinical Oral Implants Research

Human respiratory microbiome

The nasal microbiota in infants with cystic fibrosis in the first year of life: a prospective cohort study – Moana Mika – The Lancet Respiratory Medicine

Examining changes in bacterial abundance in complex communities using next-generation sequencing is enhanced with quantitative PCR – Joshua R. Stokell – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Human gut microbiome

Gut Microbiota and Extreme Longevity – Elena Biagi – Current Biology

Enteral feeding reduces metabolic activity of the intestinal microbiome in Crohn’s disease: an observational study – C Walton – European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Genetic Determinants of the Gut Microbiome in UK Twins – Julia K. Goodrich – Cell Host & Microbe

Gut microbiota composition and Clostridium difficile infection in hospitalized elderly individuals: a metagenomic study – Christian Milani – Scientific Reports

Colorectal Cancer and the Human Gut Microbiome: Reproducibility with Whole-Genome Shotgun Sequencing – Emily Vogtmann – PLOS ONE

Review: Structural and functional changes within the gut microbiota and susceptibility to Clostridium difficile infection – Caná L. Ross – Anaerobe

Preview: What’s LPS Got to Do with It? A Role for Gut LPS Variants in Driving Autoimmune and Allergic Disease – Taylor Feehley – Cell Host & Microbe

Review: Koch’s postulates, microbial dysbiosis and inflammatory bowel disease – Benjamin P. Willing – Clinical Microbiology and Infection

Review: Impact of gut microbiota on diabetes mellitus – G. Blandino – Diabetes & Metabolism

Review: Microbiota and the nitrogen cycle: Implications in the development and progression of CVD and CKD – David Briskey – Nitric Oxide

Review: Impact of microbial derived secondary bile acids on colonization resistance against Clostridium difficile in the gastrointestinal tract – Jenessa A. Winston – Anaerobe

Review: The microbiome-immune-host defense barrier complex (microimmunosome) and developmental programming of noncommunicable diseases – Rodney R. Dietert – Reproductive Toxicology

Animal experiments

A low dose of an organophosphate insecticide causes dysbiosis and sex-dependent responses in the intestinal microbiota of the Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) – Eduardo Crisol-Martínez – PeerJ

Structural modulation of gut microbiota by chondroitin sulfate and its oligosaccharide – Qingsen Shang – Macromolecules

Administration of probiotic kefir to mice with Clostridium difficile infection exacerbates disease – Jennifer K. Spinler – Anaerobe

Editorial: Immunology: You Remind Me of a Microbe I Know – Ray Soto and June Round – Current Biology

Forum: Human Microbiota-Associated Mice: A Model with Challenges – Marie-Claire Arrieta – Cell Host & Microbe

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Geography and agronomical practices drive diversification of the epiphytic mycoflora associated with barley and its malt end product in western Canada – Wen Chen – Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

Revisiting the pink-red pigmented basidiomycete mirror yeast of the phyllosphere –
Alec Cobban – MicrobiologyOpen


Water and extremophile microbiome

Escherichia coli out in the cold: Dissemination of human-derived bacteria into the Antarctic microbiome – Michelle L. Power – Environmental Pollution

Habitat heterogeneity and connectivity shape microbial communities in South American peatlands – Felix Oloo – Scientific Reports

The Egyptian Red Sea coastal microbiome: A study revealing differential microbial responses to diverse anthropogenic pollutants – Ghada A. Mustafa – Environmental Pollution

Conference Highlight: Decoding Microbial “Relationship Statuses” at OSM 2016 – Kelsey Ellis – Bulletin Limnology and Oceanography

Phages and viruses

Genomic Signatures of Emerging Viruses: A New Era of Systems Epidemiology – Angela L. Rasmussen – Cell Host & Microbe


A microfluidics-based in vitro model of the gastrointestinal human–microbe interface – Pranjul Shah – Nature Communications

Effect of room temperature transport vials on DNA quality and phylogenetic composition of faecal microbiota of elderly adults and infants – Cian J. Hill – Microbiome

Video: Efficient Nucleic Acid Extraction and 16S rRNA Gene Sequencing for Bacterial Community Characterization – Melis N. Anahtar – JOVE

Microbial Ecology

A Novel Analysis Method for Paired-Sample Microbial Ecology Experiments – Scott W. Olesen – PLOS ONE

More microbiology

Self-driven jamming in growing microbial populations – Morgan Delarue – bioRxiv

Review: Advances in Understanding Bacterial Pathogenesis Gained from Whole-Genome Sequencing and Phylogenetics – Elizabeth Klemm – Cell Host & Microbe

Microbes in the news

Osel, Inc.’s Lead Product LACTIN-V Enters Phase 2b Study to Prevent Recurrence of Bacterial Vaginosis– Digital Journal

Bacteria Battle Can Lead to Dandruff – Jennifer Viegas – Discovery
Bacteria the yin and yang of dandruff, says study – MedicalXpress

New Microbiome Research Tool Offers Potential to Revolutionise Drug Development
– PR Newswire

Experts react to ‘waste of money’ headlines against probiotics – Adi Menayang – NutraIngredients

How scientists are harnessing the ice-making powers of bacteria – Zach St. George – The Week

Researchers Engineer Bacteria to Streamline Biofuel Production Process – IndiaWest

New Microbiome Research Tool Offers Potential to Revolutionise Drug Development – PR Newswire

Twin study finds that gut microbiomes run in families – EurekAlert

From the American Urological Association meeting: Gut Bugs Differ in Chronic Prostatitis. Difference in taxa may aid biomarker, researchers say – MedPageToday

In Infants With Necrotizing Enterocolitis, Gut Dysbiosis Precedes Disease – Julie A. Jacob – JAMA

Science, publishing, and career

Reminder to deposit DNA sequences – Mark Blaxter – Science

Unexpected revelations for study volunteer: What health information do researchers owe the volunteers in their studies – Jennifer Couzin-Frankel – Science

Bik’s Picks

WATCH: What happened to astronaut Scott Kelly’s DNA during his year in space – Carl Zimmer – STAT News

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