August 19, 2019

Monday’s digest is about microbiota as biomarker in diverse human diseases such as alopecia areata and bladder cancer, how arabinoxylan and grape pomace affects microbiota in rodents and microbial characterization of multi-strain probiotic VSL3 .

General microbiome

What Pediatricians Should Know Before Studying Gut Microbiota – Lorenzo Drago – Journal of Clinical Medicine

The role of gut microbiota for the activity of medicinal plants traditionally used in the European Union for gastrointestinal disorders – Timo A. Thumann – Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Human microbiome

The sex-specific interaction of the microbiome in neurodegenerative diseases – Laura M. Cox – Brain Research

Analysis of the gut microbiota in alopecia areata: identification of bacterial biomarkers – Oscar M. Moreno-Arrenos – Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

The dynamics of the oral microbiome and oral health among patients receiving clear aligner orthodontic treatment – Rui Zhao – Oral Diseases

Urinary microbiota – a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for bladder cancer – Hai Bi – Journal of Medical Microbiology

Animal experiments

Effect of arabinoxylan on colonic bacterial metabolites and mucosal barrier in high‐fat diet‐induced rats – Shanshan Li – Food Science and Nutrition

The Signature Microbiota Driving Rumen Function Shifts in Goat Kids Introduced Solid Diet Regimes – Xiaokang Lv – BioRxiv

Effects of grape pomace and seed polyphenol extracts on the recovery of gut microbiota after antibiotic treatment in high‐fat diet‐fed mice – Feng Lu – Food Science and Nutrition

Microbiota-driven gut vascular barrier disruption is a prerequisite for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis development – Juliette Mouries – Journal of Hepatology

Identification of rumen microbial biomarkers linked to methane emission in Holstein dairy cows – Yuliaxis Ramayo‐Caldas – Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics

The gastrointestinal fate of limonin and its effect on gut microbiota in mice – Min Gu – Food and Function

Plant, root, soil microbiome

Environmental pollution effects on plant microbiota: the case study of poplar bacterial-fungal response to silver nanoparticles – Francesco Vitali – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Salinity-induced changes in the rhizosphere microbiome improve salt tolerance of Hibiscus hamabo – Yongge Yuan – Plant and Soil

Water and extremophile microbiome

Metagenomic characterization of creek sediment microbial communities from a major agricultural region in Salinas, California – Brittany J. Suttner – BioRxiv

Probiotics

Development of omics-based protocols for the microbiological characterization of multi-strain formulations marketed as probiotics: the case of VSL#3 – Diego Mora – Microbial Biotechnology

Fecal microbiome and metabolome of infants fed bovine MFGM supplemented formula or standard formula with breast-fed infants as reference: a randomized controlled trial – Xuan He – Scientific Reports

Probiotic L. gasseri strain (LG21) for the upper gastrointestinal tract acting through improvement of indigenous microbiota – Yasuhiro Koga – BMJ Open Gastroenterology

Non Microbiology Picks

First cells may have emerged because building blocks of proteins stabilized membranes – Science Daily

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