July 1, 2019

Today’s Monday digest is about microbiome changes in diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, schizophrenia, colorectal cancer and inflammatory bowel disease; review on importance of pig microbiota and impact of fecal storage protocols on microbial diversity and composition.

General microbiome

The pig microbiota and the potential for harnessing the power of the microbiome to improve growth and health – Nirosh D Aluthge – Journal of Animal Science

Microbial genes and pathways in inflammatory bowel disease – Melanie Schirmer – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Human microbiome

Changes in Gut Microbiome after Bariatric Surgery Versus Medical Weight Loss in a Pilot Randomized Trial – Clare J. Lee – Obesity Surgery

Microbiome Signatures Associated with Steatohepatitis and Moderate to Severe Fibrosis in Children With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease – Jeffrey B. Schwimmer – Gastroenterology

Altered gut microbiota and mucosal immunity in patients with schizophrenia – Ruihuan Xu – Brain Behavior and Immunity

Patients Eligible for Trials of Microbe-based Therapeutics do not Represent the Population With Recurrent Clostridioides difficile Infection – Colleen R. Kelly – Clinical Gastoenterology and Hepatology

A role for the mammalian female reproductive tract microbiome in pregnancy outcomes – Babiche A. Heil – Physiological Genomics

Altered intestinal microbiota associated with colorectal cancer – Hong Zhang – Frontiers of Medicine

Gut microbiota is associated with adiposity markers and probiotics may impact specific genera – Aline Corado Gomes – European Journal of Nutrition

Consistent alterations in faecal microbiomes of patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis independent of associated colitis – Malte Ruhlemann – Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Altered gut microbiota and inflammatory cytokine responses in patients with Parkinson’s disease – Chin-Hsien Lin – Journal of Neuroinflammation

Animal experiments

Hypergravity disrupts murine intestinal microbiota – Corentine Alauzet – Scientific Reports

Dietary fructose-induced gut dysbiosis promotes mouse hippocampal neuroinflammation: a benefit of short-chain fatty acids – Jian-Mei Li – Microbiome

Gut microbiota depletion from early adolescence alters adult immunological and neurobehavioral responses in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis – Maryam Zeraati – Neuropharmacology

Enrichment of intestinal Lactobacillus by enhanced secretory IgA coating alters glucose homeostasis in P2rx7−/− mice – Lisa Perruzza – Scientific Reports

Plant, root, soil microbiome

Higher stochasticity of microbiota composition in seedlings of domesticated wheat compared to wild wheat – Ezgi Özkurt – BioRxiv

Emphasis on the deep or shallow parts of the tree provides a new characterization of phylogenetic distances – Julia Fukuyama – Genome Biology

Techniques

Assessment of the impact of different fecal storage protocols on the microbiota diversity and composition: a pilot study – Shirin Moossavi – BMC Mirobiology

Microbes and the market

Microbiome Sequencing Market players include: Biolog Inc., CosmosID Inc., Illumina Inc., Metabiomics and Oxford Nanopore Technologies Ltd – News Exterior

Global Microbiome Drugs Market NEWS 2019 By Types Probiotics, Prebiotics, Small Molecules, Biological Drugs – Market Reports

 

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