December 20, 2018

In the wait of Christmas weekend and holidays, some quick reading for updates in microbiome field. Today’s digest include articles on improving metagenomic data analysis and integrating different -omics datasets; review article on potential of microbiome to address antimicrobial resistance and meta-analysis on benefits of probiotic supplements in kidney disease.

General microbiome

Microbiome as a tool and a target in the effort to address antimicrobial resistance – David A. Relman – PNAS

Gut microbiota and health: connecting actors across the metabolic system – F. Fava – Proceedings of the Nutrition Society

Dietary sugar silences a colonization factor in a mammalian gut symbiont – Guy E. Townsend II – PNAS

Human gut microbiome

Genomic variation and strain-specific functional adaptation in the human gut microbiome during early life – Tommi Vatanen – Nature Microbiology

Phylogenetic barriers to horizontal transfer of antimicrobial peptide resistance genes in the human gut microbiota – Bálint Kintses – Nature Microbiology

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for the Critically Ill Patient – Berkeley N. Limketkai – Nutrition in Clinical Practice

Effects of probiotic supplements on the progression of chronic kidney disease: a meta‐analysis – Sibei Tao – Nephrology

Signatures within the esophageal microbiome are associated with host genetics, age, and disease – Nandan P. Deshpande – Microbiome

Human oral microbiome

Oral microbiomes in children with asthma and dental caries – Sergey V. Cherkasov – Oral Diseases

Animal experiments

Microbial fermentation of flaxseed fibers modulates the transcriptome of GPR41-expressing enteroendocrine cells and protects mice against diet-induced obesity – Tulika Arora – Americal Journal of Physiology Endocrinology and Metabolism

Transcriptome-wide reprogramming of N6-methyladenosine modification by the mouse microbiome – Xiaoyun Wang – Cell Research

Antidepressant treatment modulates the gut microbiome and metabolome during pregnancy and lactation in rats with a depressive-like phenotype – Anouschka S. Ramsteijn – BioRxiv

Association of gut microbiota composition and function with a senescence-accelerated mouse model of Alzheimer’s Disease using 16S rRNA gene and metagenomic sequencing analysis – Weijun Peng – Aging

Prebiotics and synbiotics – in ovo delivery for improved lifespan condition in chicken – M. Siwek – BMC Veterinary Research

The response of colonic mucosa-associated microbiota composition, mucosal immune homeostasis, and barrier function to early-life galactooligosaccharides intervention in suckling piglets – Jue Wang – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Techniques

Microbiome characterization by high-throughput transfer RNA sequencing and modification analysis – Michael H. Schwartz – Nature Communications

Simple statistical identification and removal of contaminant sequences in marker-gene and metagenomics data – Nicole M. Davis – Microbiome

Multiomics modeling of the immunome, transcriptome, microbiome, proteome and metabolome adaptations during human pregnancy – Mohammad Sajjad Ghaemi – Bioinformatics

Introducing THOR, a model microbiome for genetic dissection of community behavior – Gabriel L. Lozano – BioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Prebiotics Benefit the Gut Microbiome of Both Children and Adults – Market watch

Non-microbiology picks

Technologies to address antimicrobial resistance – Stephen J. Baker – PNAS

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