October 22, 2017

A wide range of interesting articles today on the mouth, respiratory and gut microbiomes: Airway microbiota and obstruction in asthma, the tongue microbiome and pneumonia in the elderly, gut microbiome interactions with host G-protein coupled receptors, the effects of prebiotics and milk oligosaccharides on the mouse gut metabolome and stressor induced immune alterations, the impact of social stress on the gut microbiome and the host gut transcriptome, the impact of a Bacteroides integrase in a mouse model of colitis, and evidence that oral bacteria can colonize the gut in genetically and dysbiotic susceptible mice, leading to increased gut inflammation. 

  • Events and jobs

Postdoctoral Researcher in Microbiome Bioinformatics – Karolinska Institutet

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  • Human respiratory microbiome

Different Functional Genes of Upper Airway Microbiome Associated with Natural Course of Childhood Asthma – Bong-Soo Kim – European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

*Atopic asthmatic immune phenotypes associated with airway microbiota and airway obstruction – Benjamin A. Turturice – PLOSone

  • Human oral microbiome

*Relationships of variations in the tongue microbiota and pneumonia mortality in nursing home residents – Shinya Kageyama – Journal of Gerontology

  • Human gut microbiome

Review: Host-Microbe Interactions: Aiming at GPCRs – Mirella Bucci – Nature Chemical Biology

Development of severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia is associated with alterations in fecal volatile organic compounds – Daniel J C Berkhout – Pediatric Research

Gut Fermentation of Dietary Fibres: Physico-Chemistry of Plant Cell Walls and Implications for Health – Barbara A. Williams – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Review: Food allergy: The influence of breast-feeding and gut microbiota – S. Hazebrouck – Revue Française d’Allergologie

Review: Whole cereal grains and potential health effects: Involvement of the gut microbiota – Lingxiao Gong – Food Research International

Review: Probiotic strains and mechanistic insights for the treatment of type 2 diabetes – Christiane S. Hampe – Endocrine

Review: Early-Life Gut Dysbiosis: A Driver of Later-Life Fibrosis? – Karen J. Ho – Journal of Investigative Dermatology

Review: Nutritional programming by glucocorticoids in breast milk: targets, mechanisms and possible implications – Jonneke J. Hollanders – Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

Review: Less Invasive Screening for Colorectal Cancer by Microbiota Analysis: Is it a Reality or an Illusion? – Hisashi Onodera – EBioMedicine

  • Fecal Transplants

The taxonomic composition of the donor intestinal microbiota is a major factor influencing the efficacy of faecal microbiota transplantation in therapy refractory ulcerative colitis – P. Kump – Alimentary Pharamacology and Therapeutics

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  • Animal experiments

* Ectopic colonization of oral bacteria in the intestine drives TH1 cell induction and inflammation – Koji Atarashi – Science

*Stressor-induced immunomodulation is attenuated by prebiotics and milk oligosaccharides: Role of the colonic metabolome – M. Bailey – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

*The colonic epithelial transcriptome and intestinal microbiome are significantly changed by social stressor exposure – A.R. Mackos – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

*A Gut Microbial Mimic that Hijacks Diabetogenic Autoreactivity to Suppress Colitis – Roopa Hebbandi Nanjundappa – Cell

Metformin Alters Upper Small Intestinal Microbiota that Impact a Glucose-SGLT1-Sensing Glucoregulatory Pathway – Paige V. Bauer – Cell Metabolism

Distribution of species and antimicrobial resistance among enterococci isolated from the fecal microbiota – Andréa de Andrade Rangel de Freitas – Science of The Total Environment

Effect of Intestinal Flora on Protein Expression of Drug-Metabolizing Enzymes and Transporters in the Liver and Kidney of Germ-Free and Antibiotics-Treated Mice – Takuya Kuno – Molecular Pharmaceutics

Consequences of organ choice in describing bacterial pathogen assemblages in a rodent population – P. Villette – Epidemiology & Infection

High-Quality Whole-Genome Sequences of the Oligo-Mouse-Microbiota Bacterial Community – Debora Garzetti – Genome Announcements

  • Animal microbiome

Wild Mouse Gut Microbiota Promotes Host Fitness and Improves Disease Resistance – Stephan P. Rosshart – Cell

Impact of Low and High Doses of Marbofloxacin on the Selection of Resistant Enterobacteriaceae in the Commensal Gut Flora of Young Cattle: Discussion of Data from 2 Study Populations – Lhermie Guillaume – Foodborne Pathogens and Disease

  • Forensic Microbiome

Successive bacterial colonisation of pork and its implications for forensic investigations – Jessica Handke – Forensic Science International

Targeted sequencing of clade-specific markers from skin microbiomes for forensic human identification – Sarah E. Schmedes – Forensic Science International: Genetics

  • Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Characterization of fungal communities of developmental stages in table grape grown in the northern region of South Africa – P.C. Carmichael – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Mycorrhizae, invasions, and the temporal dynamics of mutualism disruption – Sara Grove – Journal of Ecology

Soil bacterial community mediates the effect of plant material on methanogenic decomposition of soil organic matter – Quan YuanSoil Biology and Biochemistry

Analysis of bacterial communities and characterization of antimicrobial strains from cave microbiota – Muhammad Yasir – Brazilian Journal of Microbiology

  • Waste and Pollution 

Bioaugmentation of thiabendazole-contaminated soils from a wastewater disposal site: Factors driving the efficacy of this strategy and the diversity of the indigenous soil bacterial community – Evangelia S. Papadopoulou – Environmental Pollution

  • Built environment

Human health risks for Legionella and Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) from potable and non-potable uses of roof-harvested rainwater – Kerry A.Hamilton – Water Research

  • Techniques

Optimization of GC/TOF MS analysis conditions for assessing host-gut microbiota metabolic interactions: Chinese rhubarb alters fecal aromatic Amino acids and phenol metabolism – Shan Yin – Analytica Chimica Acta

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  • Microbes in the news

Stress may harm gut health as much as junk food – Honor Whiteman – Medical News Today

Different Microbial Communities Live Along Female Reproductive Tract – GenomeWeb

Gut Health May Begin in the Mouth – Lydialyle Gibson – Havard

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