February 2, 2016, second edition

Updated status of the microbial census, bacteria in the nasopharynx, deodorant and armpit microbiome, lichen microbiome, fungi on decomposing forest materials, and metagenomics cover the amplicon gaps. So many papers I had to do a second installment today!

Events and jobs

Microbiology and bioinformatics positions at Whole Biome in San Francisco. Wearing hoodies encouraged.

General microbiome

The status of the microbial census: an update – Patrick D Schloss – BioRxiv

Getting the hologenome concept right: An eco-evolutionary framework for hosts and their microbiomes – Kevin R Theis – BioRxiv

Human oral microbiome

Interactions between Streptococcus oralis, Actinomyces oris, and Candida albicans in the development of multispecies oral microbial biofilms on salivary pellicle – Indira M.G. Cavalcanti – Molecular Oral Microbiology

Human respiratory microbiome

Unraveling the Molecular Mechanisms Underlying the Nasopharyngeal Bacterial Community Structure – Wouter A. A. de Steenhuijsen Piters – mBio 

Human skin microbiome

The effect of habitual and experimental antiperspirant and deodorant product use on the armpit microbiome – Julie Urban – PeerJ

Skin microbiome surveys are strongly influenced by experimental design – Jacquelyn S. Meisel – Journal of Investigative Dermatology

Unique features of a global human ectoparasite identified through sequencing of the bed bug genome – Joshua B. Benoit – Nature Communications

Human vaginal microbiome

Hormonal Contraceptive Effects on the Vaginal Milieu: Microbiota and Immunity – Jessica Tarleton – Current Obstetrics and Gynecology Reports

Human gut microbiome

Sex differences in the gut microbiome–brain axis across the lifespan – Eldin Jašarević – Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B

Very poor English and presentation, does not look peer reviewed: Preliminary analysis showed country-specific gut resistome based on 1267 feces samples – Zhenyu Yang – Gene

Confusing study design and interpretations: Gut Microbiota Linked to Sexual Preference and HIV Infection – Marc Noguera-Julian – EBioMedicine

Sequence-based methods for detecting and evaluating the human gut mycobiome – M.J. Suhr – Letters in Applied Microbiology

Review: Microbiota and arthritis: correlations or cause? – Bravo-Blas, Alberto – Current Opinion in Rheumatology

Perspective: Gut microbiota in 2015: Prevotella in the gut: choose carefully – Ruth E. Ley – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Editorial: PPIs alter gut microbiota composition – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Review: Samples and techniques highlighting the links between obesity and microbiota
Emmanouil Angelakis – Microbial Pathogenesis

Animal models of microbiome

Bidirectional interactions between indomethacin and the murine intestinal microbiota – Xue Liang – eLife


Mixed feelings about this study that killed turtles to look at effect of probiotics on their shellsDietary Probiotics Affect Gastrointestinal Microbiota, Histological Structure and Shell Mineralization in Turtles – Mateusz Rawski – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

The Role of the Microbial Environment in Drosophila Post-Embryonic Development
Maura Strigini – Developmental & Comparative Immunology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Review about lichen bacterial microbiome: Understanding microbial multi-species symbioses – Ines A. Aschenbrenner – Frontiers in Microbiology

Dead fungal mycelium in forest soil represents a decomposition hotspot and a habitat for a specific microbial community – Vendula Brabcová – New Phytologist

Litter decomposition, residue chemistry and microbial community structure under two subtropical forest plantations: A reciprocal litter transplant study
Zongming He – Applied Soil Ecology

Disentangling nematode-bacteria interactions using a modular soil model system and biochemical markers – Michael Ackermann – Nematology

Using native trees and cacti to improve soil potential nitrogen fixation during long-term restoration of arid lands – Nguyen E. Lopez-Lozano – Plant and Soil

Warming and nitrogen deposition are interactive in shaping surface soil microbial communities near the alpine timberline zone on the eastern Qinghai–Tibet Plateau, southwestern China – Qinli Xiong – Applied Soil Ecology

Short-term effects of mechanical drainage on fungal and bacterial community structure in a managed grassland soil – B.J. Fay – Applied Soil Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microbial Communities in Methane- and Short Chain Alkane-Rich Hydrothermal Sediments of Guaymas Basin – Frederick Dowell – Frontiers in Microbiology

Bioreactor and crude oil microbiology

Illumina MiSeq sequencing reveals the key microorganisms involved in partial nitritation followed by simultaneous sludge fermentation, denitrification and anammox process – Bo Wang – Bioresource Technology

Microbial communities of light crude from Nigeria and potential for in situ biodegradation, souring, and corrosion – Okoro Chuma Conlette – Petroleum Science and Technology

Built environment microbiome

Rhinitis, Ocular, Throat and Dermal Symptoms, Headache and Tiredness among Students in Schools from Johor Bahru, Malaysia: Associations with Fungal DNA and Mycotoxins in Classroom Dust – Dan Norbäck – PLOS ONE

Bioinformatics and metagenomics

Metagenomics uncovers gaps in amplicon-based detection of microbial diversity – Emiley A. Eloe-Fadrosh – Nature Microbiology

Development of an Analysis Pipeline Characterizing Multiple Hypervariable Regions of 16S rRNA Using Mock Samples – Jennifer J. Barb – PLOS ONE

Optimization of alignment-based methods for taxonomic binning of metagenomics reads – Magali Jaillard – Bioinformatics

Sequence element enrichment analysis to determine the genetic basis of bacterial phenotypes – John A Lees – BioRxiv


Review: Recent development of mass spectrometry and proteomics applications in identification and typing of bacteria – Keding Cheng – Proteomics – Clinical Applications

Microbes in the news

Study shows maternal diet alters the breast milk microbiome and microbial gene content – EurekAlert

Deodorant And Antiperspirant Alter The Skin Microbiome, But Researchers Can’t Be Sure Of Long-Term Effects – Stephanie Castillo – Medical Daily

Beard bacteria could lead to new antibiotics – Matthew Stock – Reuters

Science, publishing, and career

“Those who can, publish. Those who can’t, blog.” Jingmai O’Connor – Current Biology

Chill out about Jingmai O’Connor’s criticism of bloggers – Jeremy Fox – Dynamic Ecology

Paul Knoepfler: Stem cell scientist finds his ‘niche’ in blogging – Karen Weintraub – STAT News

How to (not) write a microbiome grant, part I

How to (not) write a microbiome grant, part II. A deeper dive on preliminary data – David Baltrus – My Chrobial Romance



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