January 21, 2016

Beards and MRSA in hospital workers, dysbiosis in Crohns Disease, non-absorbable antibiotics affect offspring in mice, bacterial sunscreens, and bacteria found in a sick-making building.

Events

2nd Annual Microbiome Symposium – January 25, 2016 – Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA

Pregnancy and birth

A necrotizing enterocolitis-associated gut microbiota is already present in the meconium: results of a prospective study – Fardou H. Heida – Clinical Infectious Diseases

Human oral microbiome

Salivary pathogen and serum antibody to assess the progression of chronic periodontitis: a 24-mo prospective multicenter cohort study – T. Morozumi – Journal of Periodontal Research

Human skin microbiome

Bacterial ecology of hospital workers’ facial hair: a cross-sectional study – E. Wakeam – Journal of hospital infection

Human respiratory microbiome

Correlation of the lung microbiota with metabolic profiles in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in HIV infection – Sushma K. Cribbs – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Changes in Colonic Bile Acid Composition following Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Are Sufficient to Control Clostridium difficile Germination and Growth – Alexa R. Weingarden – PLOS ONE

Reduced Abundance of Butyrate-Producing Bacteria Species in the Fecal Microbial Community in Crohn’s Disease – Takahashi K – Digestion

Detecting Microbial Dysbiosis Associated with Pediatric Crohn Disease Despite the High Variability of the Gut Microbiota – Feng Wang – Cell Reports

DNA fingerprinting approaches to trace Escherichia coli sharing between dogs and owners  – Z. Naziri – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Altered intestinal microbiota as a major driving force in alcoholic steatohepatitis – Herbert Tilg – Gut

Impact of Surotomycin on the Gut Microbiota of Healthy Volunteers in a Phase 1 Clinical Trial – Diane M. Citron – Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Microbiome animal and bioreactor models

Administration of Non-Absorbable Antibiotics to Pregnant Mice to Perturb the Maternal Gut Microbiota Is Associated with Alterations in Offspring Behavior – Shiro Tochitani – PLOS ONE

Degradation of chondroitin sulfate by the gut microbiota of Chinese individuals
Qingsen Shang – International Journal of Biological Macromolecules

Streptococcus pneumoniae colonization disrupts the microbial community within the upper respiratory tract of aging mice – Netusha Thevaranjan – Infection and Immunity

Assessing microbial competition in a hydrogen-based membrane biofilm reactor (MBfR) using multidimensional modeling – Kelly J. Martin – Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Animal microbiome

Archaeal and Bacterial Communities Associated with the Surface Mucus of Caribbean Corals Differ in Their Degree of Host Specificity and Community Turnover Over Reefs – Pedro R. Frade – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Bacteria increase arid-land soil surface temperature through the production of sunscreens – Estelle Couradeau – Nature Communications

Historical and current climate drive spatial and temporal patterns in fungal endophyte diversity – Hannah Giauque – Fungal Ecology

Location, location, location: priority effects in wood decay communities may vary between sites – Jennifer Hiscox – Environmental Microbiology

Microbial Hub Taxa Link Host and Abiotic Factors to Plant Microbiome Variation – Matthew T. Agler – PLOS Biology

Effect of altitude and season on microbial activity, abundance and community structure in Alpine forest soils – José A. Siles – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Effects of manure and mineral fertilization strategies on soil antibiotic resistance gene levels and microbial community in a paddy–upland rotation system – Hui Lin – Environmental Pollution

Bacterial community compositions in sediment polluted by perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) using Illumina high-throughput sequencing – Yajun Sun – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Large amounts of easily decomposable carbon stored in subtropical forest subsoil is associated with r-strategy-dominated soil microbes – Yuping Chen – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Water, waste, and extremophile microbiome

Effects of anthropogenic heavy metal contamination on litter decomposition in streams – A meta-analysis – Verónica Ferreira – Environmental Pollution

Investigation of the microbial community in the Odisha hot spring cluster based on the cultivation independent approach – Archana Singh – Genomics Data

Analysis of bacterial diversity in two oil blocks from two low-permeability reservoirs with high salinities – Meng Xiao – Scientific Reports

Occurrence of mycotoxins and yeasts and moulds identification in corn silages in tropical climate – B.F. Carvalho – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Food microbiology

Molecular diversity of bacteria in commercially available ‘‘Spirulina’’ food supplements – Elisabeth Vardaka – PeerJ

Ineffective hand washing and the contamination of carrots after using a field latrine – J M Monaghan – Letters in Applied Microbiology

Microbiological characterization using combined culture dependent and independent approaches of Casizolu pasta filata cheese – N.P. Mangia – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Microbial dynamics in mixed culture biofilms of bacteria surviving sanitation of conveyor belts in salmon-processing plants – S. Langsrud – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Built environment microbiology

Bacteria in a water-damaged building: associations of actinomycetes and non-tuberculous mycobacteria with respiratory health in occupants – J.-H. Park – Indoor Air

Bioinformatics and metagenomics

Review: Application of multivariate statistical techniques in microbial ecology – O. Paliy – Molecular Ecology

More microbiology

Eighteenth century Yersinia pestis genomes reveal the long-term persistence of an historical plague focus – Kirsten I Bos – eLIFE

Review: Within-host evolution of bacterial pathogens – Xavier Didelot – Nature Reviews Microbiology

This is NOT novel and methods are missing essential steps: A novel method to assess the biodiversity of parasites using 18S rDNA Illumina sequencing; parasitome analysis method – Akina Hino – Parasitology International

Microbes in the news

Found: Desert Hot Spots Just For Microbes – Sarah Laskow – Atlas Obscura

Beards may be more hygienic and bacteria-resistant than shaven skin, study finds – Kate Ng – Independent
Beards may not be that gross, after all – Rachel Thompson – Mashable
Are beards good for your health? – BBC News Magazine

Bacteria or virus? New diagnostic tool could curb antibiotic overuse – Eric Boodman – STAT news

Getting to know the real you – how seriously should we take the health of our internal aliens? – LabNews UK

Probiotics come with bold health claims, but the science is shaky – Megan Scudellari – STAT news

Weekend binges just as bad for the gut as a regular junk food diet, study suggests – Dan Wheelahan – Medical Xpress

Can our gut microbiota contribute to the effect healthy foods have on us? – Gut Microbiota WorldWatch

Science, publishing, and career

Are results in top journals to be trusted? – SK – Economist

The best academic acknowledgements ever – Glen Wright – Times Higher Education
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