January 20, 2016

Virome of children with diarrhea, bacterial communities in black truffles, arsenic biogeochemistry in an acid vapor-formed spring, distribution of microbes in microenvironments, and retraction of a PLOS ONE air microbiome paper.

Jobs and events

New job openings at Whole Biome: develops therapeutics and diagnostics targeting human microbiome, casual culture, and artisanal coffee

Human oral microbiome

Exploration of Human Salivary Microbiomes—Insights into the Novel Characteristics of Microbial Community Structure in Caries and Caries-Free Subjects – Jianye Zhou – PLOS ONE

Human respiratory microbiome

COPD is characterized by increased detection of Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae and a deficiency of Bacillus species – Jodie L. Simpson – Respirology

Human gut microbiome

The fecal virome of South and Central American children with diarrhea includes small circular DNA viral genomes of unknown origin – Tung Gia Phan – Archives of Virology

Perspective: Gut microbiota and aging – Paul W. O’Toole – Science

Review: Studies on Modulation of Gut Microbiota by Wine Polyphenols: From Isolated Cultures to Omic Approaches – Montserrat Dueñas – MDPI Antioxidants

Animal models

Postnatal Hematopoiesis and Gut Microbiota in NOD Mice Deviate from C57BL/6 Mice – Dina Silke Malling Damlund – Journal of Diabetes Research

Bacterial profile and bone healing in rats receiving cancer therapeutic doses of bisphosphonates and corticosteroids: a pilot study – Z. Jabbour – International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Interaction between dietary lipids and gut microbiota regulates hepatic cholesterol metabolism – Robert Caesar – Journal of Lipid Research

Gut Microbiota Regulates K/BxN Autoimmune Arthritis through Follicular Helper T but Not Th17 Cells – Katharine E. Block – The Journal of Immunology

Editorial: Of Bugs and Drugs: How the Microbiome Controls Responsiveness to Antitumor Immunotherapy – Mandy L. Ford – American Journal of Transplantation

Animal microbiome

Most Low-Abundance “Background” Symbiodinium spp. Are Transitory and Have Minimal Functional Significance for Symbiotic Corals – Moo Joon Lee – Microbial Ecology

Isolation and assessment of gut bacteria from the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae), for paratransgenesis research and application – Chinmay V. Tikhe – Insect Science

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Black truffle: Temporal changes of bacterial communities in the Tuber melanosporum ectomycorrhizosphere during ascocarp development – Aurélie Deveau – Mycorrhiza

Isolation of N2-fixing rhizobacteria from Lolium perenne and evaluating their plant growth promoting traits – Antonio Castellano-Hinojosa – Journal of Basic Microbiology

Host associations and beta diversity of fungal endophyte communities in New Guinea rainforest trees – J. B. Vincent – Molecular Ecology

Water, waste, and extremophile microbiome

Metagenome-scale analysis yields insights into the structure and function of microbial communities in a copper bioleaching heap – Xian Zhang – BMC Genetics

Microbial Community Structure and Arsenic Biogeochemistry in an Acid Vapor-Formed Spring in Tengchong Geothermal Area, China – Zhou Jiang – PLOS ONE

Phylogenetic conservation of freshwater lake habitat preference varies between abundant bacterioplankton phyla – Marian L. Schmidt – Environmental Microbiology

Food and cigarette microbiome

Characterization of Bacterial Communities in Selected Smokeless Tobacco Products Using 16S rDNA Analysis – Robert E. Tyx – PLOS ONE

More microbes

Divorcing strain classification from species names – David Baltrus

Distributions of Virus-Like Particles and Prokaryotes within Microenvironments – Lisa M. Dann – PLOS ONE

Parallel Mapping of Antibiotic Resistance Alleles in Escherichia coli
Sophie J. Weiss – PLOS ONE

Microbes in the news

SatireDung Beetle A Bit Fed Up With Diet – The Allium

How Climate Change Endangers Microbes–And Why That’s Not a Good Thing – Aspen T. Reese – Scientific American

CDC issues guidance to help monitor pregnant women for Zika virus – Helen Branswell – STATnews

Microbes and art

These Close-Up Shots Of Kitchen Mold Are Oddly Appealing: Nikita Teryoshin, Max Slobodda / Küchendienst – FastCoDesign

Science, publishing, and career

Here are the 10 — yes, 10 — reasons PLOS ONE retracted this paper (“Metagenomic Human Repiratory Air in a Hospital Environment”) – Shannon Palus – Retraction Watch

Ten easy ways you can support diversity in academia in 2016 – Jacquelyn Gyll – The Contemplative Mammoth

Bik’s Picks

When chickens go wild. The feral chickens of Kauai provide a unique opportunity to study what happens when domesticated animals escape and evolve – Ewen Callaway – Nature
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