December 15, 2015

Self-tracking the microbiome (quantified self), a human gut-on-a-chip model, indoor air bacteria in residences in the San Francisco Bay Area, and using probiotics on corals during oil spills.

General microbiome

Biometrics’ new identity—measuring more physical and biological traits: Research into the characteristics that are unique to an individual is addressing the need to correctly identify people in a variety of medical, social and security contexts – Andrea Rinaldi – EMBO Reports

Commentary: Self-tracking the microbiome: where do we go from here? – Carine Gimbert – Microbiome

Conference abstracts: 3th ISM World Congress on Targeting Microbiota – Journal of International Society of Microbiota Volume 1 No. 1

Pregnancy and birth

Buccal administration of human colostrum: impact on the oral microbiota of premature infants – K Sohn – Journal of Perinatology

Human mouth/ear microbiome

Pathophysiology of sinusitis of odontogenic origin – Silvio Taschieri – Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry

Human gut microbiome

Different sub-type strains of Akkermansia muciniphila abundantly colonize in southern China – Xianfeng Guo – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Simultaneous fecal microbial and metabolite profiling enables accurate classification of pediatric irritable bowel syndrome – Vijay Shankar – Microbiome

Mucosal Barrier Depletion And Loss Of Bacterial Diversity Are Primary Abnormalities In Paediatric Ulcerative Colitis – Misagh Alipour – Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis

Systematic review with meta-analysis: long-term outcomes of faecal microbiota transplantation for Clostridium difficile infection – Y.-T. Li – Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics

Microbiome models

Contributions of microbiome and mechanical deformation to intestinal bacterial overgrowth and inflammation in a human gut-on-a-chip – Hyun Jung Kim – PNAS

Effects of antibiotics (oxytetracycline, florfenicol or tulathromycin) on neonatal calves’ faecal microbial diversity – J. Oultram – Veterinary Record

Animal microbiome

Metagenomic Assembly Reveals Hosts of Antibiotic Resistance Genes and the Shared Resistome in Pig, Chicken and Human Feces – Liping Ma – Environmental Science & Technology

The impact of rearing environment on the development of gut microbiota in tilapia larvae – Christos Giatsis – Scientific Reports

The characterization and manipulation of the bacterial microbiome of the Rocky Mountain wood tick, Dermacentor andersoni – Katie A. Clayton – Parasites & Vectors

Impact of oil spills on coral reefs can be reduced by bioremediation using probiotic microbiota – Henrique Fragoso ados Santos – Scientific Reports

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Stronger warming effects on microbial abundances in colder regions – Ji Chen – Scientific Reports

Seasonal dynamics of the microbiome of chernozems of the long-term agrochemical experiment in Kamennaya Steppe – T. I. Chernov – Eurasian Soil Science

Water and extremophile microbiome

Metagenome-assembled genomes uncover a global brackish microbiome – Luisa W. Hugerth – Genome Biology

Similar microbial communities found on two distant seafloor basalts – Esther Singer – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial communities on seafloor basalts at Dorado Outcrop reflect level of alteration and highlight global lithic clades – Michael D. Lee – Frontiers in Microbiology

Bacterioplankton dynamics within a large anthropogenically impacted urban estuary – Thomas C. Jeffries – Frontiers in Microbiology

Marine microbial community structure assessed from combined metagenomic analysis and ribosomal amplicon deep-sequencing – Savvas Genitsaris – Marine Biology Research

Groundwater isolation governs chemistry and microbial community structure along hydrologic flowpaths – Sarah Ben Maamar – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Forged Under the Sun: Life and Art of Extremophiles from Andean Lakes – Virginia Helena Albarracín – Photochemistry and Photobiology

Food microbiology

Comparative genomics Lactobacillus reuteri from sourdough reveals adaptation of an intestinal symbiont to food fermentations – Jinshui Zheng – Scientific Reports

Built environment microbiology

Relative and contextual contribution of different sources to the composition and abundance of indoor air bacteria in residences – Marzia Miletto – Microbiome

Review: Antibiotic resistance in urban aquatic environments: can it be controlled? – Célia M. Manaia – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Metagenomics, phages, and bioinformatics

Computational approaches to predict bacteriophage–host relationships – Robert A. Edwards – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Partial least squares regression can aid in detecting differential abundance of multiple features in sets of metagenomic samples – Ondrej Libiger – Frontiers in Genetics

Techniques

A new fungal large subunit ribosomal RNA primer for high throughput sequencing surveys – Rebecca C Mueller – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Biofilms

Classic Spotlight: Before They Were Biofilms – George A. O’Toole – Journal of Bacteriology

Microbes in the news

How Bacteria and Brown Fat Can Spur Weight Loss – Mandy Oaklander – Time

A cultural revolution in the study of the gut microbiome – Medical Xpress

Why Your Body Is Like A Rainforest… Micro-Macro Exhibition at Eden features artwork from students at local secondary schools – PirateFM

Italian olive trees are withering from this deadly bacteria – PBS Newshour

Behind the scenes: Microbial biogeography of a university campus – Ashley Ross – MicroBEnet

Irish company makes biggest breakthrough for microbiology testing in dairy industry in 100 years – Independent Ireland

Bacteria, Archaea – Some Methane In Hydraulic Fracturing Is Even More Natural Than Assumed – Science 2.0

Sweet and sticky: Bacteria use sugars to bind to human cells – Phys.org

Science, publishing, and career

The Unwritten Code of Conduct: Each day this week, my supervisor has walked into my office and made verbal demands that I remove content from my beloved blog – The Research Whisperer

A lesson on misleading graphs from the National Review – Lenny Teytelman – The Spectroscope

Women in STEM research: Better Data and Information Sharing Could Improve Oversight of Federal Grant-making and Title IX Compliance – US Government Accountability Office

Why do scientists like anonymity? Lenny Teytelman – Protocols

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