November 17, 2015

Detecting bacteriophage DNA in mummies, microbiome depletion reduces obesity (in mice), viruses in city rats, microbes in alkaline hotsprings and in glaciers.


European Microbiome Congress 2015: 18-19 November 2015, London.

Human respiratory tract microbiome

Viral aetiology of common colds of outpatient children at primary care level and the use of antibiotics – Janete Kamikawa – Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz

Human reproductive tract microbiome

A DNA tool for early detection of vaginal dysbiosis in African women – Vicky Jespers – Research in Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Natural mummification of the human gut preserves bacteriophage DNA – Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Review: Inhibition of methanogenic archaea by statinsas a targeted management strategy for constipation andrelated disorders – K. Gottlieb

Review: Role of the Gut Microbiome in Uremia: A Potential Therapeutic Target – Ali Ramezani – American Journal of Kidney Diseases

Opinion: The Microbiome and Cancer: Is the ‘Oncobiome’ Mirage Real? – Ryan M. Thomas – Trends in Cancer

Review: The effect of gut microbiota on drug metabolism – Mi Jeong Kang – Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Animal and bioreactor models

Microbiota depletion promotes browning of white adipose tissue and reduces obesity
Nicolas Suárez-Zamorano – Nature Medicine

Variable responses of human and non-human primate gut microbiomes to a Western diet
Katherine R. Amato – Microbiome

Research Highlight: Commensal bacterium prevents wasting – Cláudio Nunes-Alves – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Impact of a probiotic, inulin, or their combination on the piglets’ microbiota at different intestinal locations – V.A. Sattler – Beneficial Microbes

Iron Modulates Butyrate Production by a Child Gut Microbiota In Vitro – Alexandra Dostal – mBio

Research Hightlight: Scaling up spatial imaging of the gut microbiota – Naomi Attar – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Metagenomic analysis of anammox communities in three different microbial aggregates – Jianhua Guo – Environmental Microbiology

Microbial community analysis of a full-scale DEMON bioreactor – Alejandro Gonzalez-Martinez – Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

Re-appraisal of the phylogeny and fluorescence in situ hybridization probes for the analysis of the Competibacteraceae in wastewater treatment systems – Simon J. McIlroy – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Animal microbiome

New Type of Papillomavirus and Novel Circular Single Stranded DNA Virus Discovered in Urban Rattus norvegicus Using Circular DNA Enrichment and Metagenomics – Thomas Arn Hansen – PLOS ONE

Bleaching of Baikalian sponge affects the taxonomic composition of symbiotic microorganisms – O. V. Kaluzhnaya – Russian Journal of Genetics

Experimental Infection of Snakes with Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola Causes Pathological Changes That Typify Snake Fungal Disease – Jeffrey M. Lorch – mBio

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Glyphosate effects on soil rhizosphere-associated bacterial communities – Molli M. Newman – Science of the Total Environment

Soil microarthropods support ecosystem productivity and soil C accrual: Evidence from a litter decomposition study in the tallgrass prairie – Jennifer L. Soong – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Microbial communities and organic matter composition in surface and subsurface sediments of the Helgoland mud area, North Sea – Oluwatobi E. Oni – Frontiers in Microbiology

Shifts in the composition and potential functions of soil microbial communities responding to a no-tillage practice and bagasse mulching on a sugarcane plantation – Toshiko Miura – Biology and Fertility of Soils

Local climatic conditions constrain soil yeast diversity patterns in Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome – Andrey M. Yurkov – FEMS Yeast Research

Coal mining practices reduce the microbial biomass, richness and diversity of soil
Patricia Dorr de Quadros – Applied Soil Ecology

Water microbiome

The Fate of Marine Bacterial Exopolysaccharide in Natural Marine Microbial Communities – Zilian Zhang – PLOS ONE

Comparative study on composition and abundance of major planktons and physico-chemical characteristics among two ponds and Lake Tana, Ethiopia – Wondie Zelalem Amanu – Journal of Coastal Life Medicine

Extremophile microbiome

Metagenomics of an alkaline hot spring in Galicia (Spain): microbial diversity analysis and screening for novel lipolytic enzymes – Olalla López-López – Frontiers in Microbiology

Taxonomic characterization and the bio-potential of bacteria isolated from glacier ice cores in the High Arctic – Purnima Singh – Journal of Basic Microbiology

Built environment microbiology

Microbiota formed on attached stainless steel coupons correlate with the natural biofilm of the sink surface in domestic kitchens – Birgitte Moen – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Towards an antimicrobial ‘microglove’ – Ewoud Reilman – Scientific Reports

Infection microbiology

Research Highlight: The Origin of a Killer Revealed by Bronze Age Yersinia Genomes – Shijulal Nelson-Sathi – Cell Host & Microbe

Early Divergent Strains of Yersinia pestis in Eurasia 5,000 Years Ago – Simon Rasmussen – Cell

Review: The Black Death: Its origin and routes of dissemination – Kristina Lenz – Scandinavian Journal of History

Review: Emerging methodologies for pathogen identification in positive blood culture testing – Grégory Dubourg – Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics

Microbial ecology

Integrating ecological and engineering concepts of resilience in microbial communities – Hyun-Seob Song – Frontiers in Microbiology

Perspective: Rethinking “mutualism” in diverse host-symbiont communities – Alexandra A. Mushegian – BioEssays


Evaluating DNA Extraction Methods for Community Profiling of Pig Hindgut Microbial Community – Yang Lu – PLOS ONE

Bioinformatics, viruses, and metagenomics

The State of Software in Evolutionary Biology: code quality of 15 highly cited tools – Diego Darriba – bioRxiv

Kaiju: Fast and sensitive taxonomic classification for metagenomics – Peter Menzel – bioRxiv

A novel group of diverse Polinton-like viruses discovered by metagenome analysis – Natalya Yutin – BMC Biology

Microbes in the news

Taking Antibiotics Can Change the Gut Microbiome for Up to a Year. A new study illuminates the problems antibiotic overuse could cause for individual patients – Julie Beck – The Atlantic

Health Experts Are Explaining Drug-Resistant Bacteria Poorly: Their confusing jargon is pushing people toward bad decisions – Ed Yong – The Atlantic

5 Common Myths About Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria – Alexandra Sifferlin – Time

There’s Life in Rocks Deep Below the Sea Floor. Seriously. – Heather Goldstone – Cape and Islands

More armadillos that carry leprosy bacteria found in Southern US – Amanda Lane – Midday Daily

Blood-Gut Barrier. Scientists identify a barrier in mice between the intestine and its blood supply, and suggest how Salmonella sneaks through it – Ruth Williams – The Scientist

Microbes Play Role in Anti-Tumor Response
Gut microbiome composition can influence the effectiveness of cancer immunotherapy in mice – Anna Azvolinsky – The Scientist

How depleting the gut microbiota protects from obesity – MedicalXpress

A Complex Disorder. Factors that likely contribute to obesity include disruptions to intercellular signaling, increased inflammation, and changes to the gut microbiome – Stephen D. Hursting – The Scientist


Effect of feed on microbiota balance in piglets – All About Feed

Skin Must Develop Tolerance to ‘Good’ Bacteria Early In Life, Says New Study: Research Probes How Skin’s Resident Communities of Microbes Are Established – Pete Farley – University of California San Francisco

How You’re Born May Affect Your Brain Development – Stephanie Pappas – Brain Decoder

Bacteria Hysteria

Doctors say to watch out for bacteria in your makeup bag – NBC News

Proper Use Of Wipes Kills Germs, Improper Use Could Spread Them – Maria Simbra – CBS Local

Microbiology and Art

What Lives on the Subway Pole? – Jen Kirby – New York Magazine



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