13 July, 2019

Good morning everyone!

Today’s digest is kind of diverse (as always), with great papers about women microbiome, sardines gut microbiome, a great review about soil aggregates and, corals microbiomes and much more. Be sure to read the first paper right down here- The Conceptual Ecology of the Human Microbiome. Have a great weekend!

Human microbiome

**From June 2019, but a must-read nonetheless: The Conceptual Ecology of the Human Microbiome, Morar and Bohannan, Q. R. Biology

Interaction between the nasal microbiota and S. pneumoniae in the context of live-attenuated influenza vaccine, Wouter A. A. de Steenhuijsen Piters, Nature Communications

Selected Immunological Mediators and Cervical Microbial Signatures in Women with Chlamydia trachomatis Infection, Simone Filardo, mSystems

Discovery of potential genes contributing to the biosynthesis of short-chain fatty acids and lactate in gut microbiota from systematic investigation in E. coli, Chunhua Zhao, MPMI

Secondary bile acid ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) alters weight, the gut microbiota, and the bile acid pool in conventional mice, Jenessa A. Winston, bioRxiv

Microbiota supplementation with Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus modifies the preterm infant gut microbiota and metabolome, Cristina Alcon-Giner, bioRxiv

Animal microbiome

A Cross-Sectional Study of Compositional and Functional Profiles of Gut Microbiota in Sardinian Centenarians, Lu Wu, mSystems

Contribution of gut microbiota to metabolism of dietary glycine betaine in mice and in vitro colonic fermentation, Ville M. Koistinen, Microbiome

Coral bacterial community structure responds to environmental change in a host-specific manner, Maren Ziegler, Nature Communications

Soil microbiome

**Mini-review: Soil Aggregate Microbial Communities: Towards Understanding Microbiome Interactions at Biologically Relevant Scales, Regina L. Wilpiszeski , AEM

Continuous monoculture shapes root and rhizosphere fungal communities of corn and soybean in soybean cyst nematode-infested soil, Noah Strom, Phytobiomes

Engineered root bacteria release plant-available phosphate from phytate, Christine N. Shulse, AEM

Diversity and Characterization of Oomycetes Associated with Corn Seedlings in Michigan, J. A. Rojas, Phytobiomes

Environmental microbiome

Diverse, abundant and novel viruses infecting “unculturable” but abundant marine bacteria, Zefeng Zhang, bioRxiv

Biocide resistance and transmission of Clostridium difficile spores spiked onto clinical surfaces from an American healthcare facility, Calie Dyer, AEM

Microbiome in the news

Lab Startup uBiome Laying Off About Half of Global Workforce

Microbiome Repairing Food for Malnourished Children Beats Current Therapy

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General microbiology and science, August 19, 2014

Proteomics in biofilms at different temperatures, neonatal immune metabolic network, co-occurrence, something wonky with Unifrac, and microbiome in the news.

Metabolomics and proteomics

Turning up the heat on biofilms – Christina Tobin Kåhrström – Nature Reviews Microbiology

“This study used tandem mass tag (TMT)-based proteomics to measure protein expression in acid mine drainage biofilms at 40 °C, 43 °C and 46 °C. “

Identification of a human neonatal immune-metabolic network associated with bacterial infection – Claire L. Smith – Nature Communications

“Here, a system-level investigation of neonatal systemic responses to infection shows a surprisingly strong but unbalanced homeostatic immune response; developing an elevated set-point of myeloid regulatory signalling and sugar-lipid metabolism with concomitant inhibition of lymphoid responses. “

Secondary metabolite gene expression and interplay of bacterial functions in a tropical freshwater cyanobacterial bloom – Kevin Penn – ISME Journal

“To characterize microbial activities in a cyanoHAB, transcripts from a eutrophic freshwater reservoir in Singapore were sequenced for six samples collected over one day-night period.”

Microbial Ecology

Demonstrating microbial co-occurrence pattern analyses within and between ecosystems
Ryan J. Williams – Frontiers in Microbiology

“To demonstrate our co-occurrence analysis approach, we gathered publicly available 16S rRNA amplicon datasets to compare and contrast microbial co-occurrence at different taxonomic levels across different ecosystems. “

Fluvial network organization imprints on microbial co-occurrence networks – Stefanie Widder – PNAS USA

“We combined co-occurrence analyses of biofilms based on next-generation sequencing with a probabilistic hydrological model, and showed how fragementation of microbial co-occurrence networks change across stream networks. “

Bioinformatics

Equivalent input produces different output in the UniFrac significance test – Jeffrey R Long – BMC Bioinformatics

“UniFrac produces different outputs for these equivalent forms of the same input tree.”

More microbes

PNAS has an upcoming 100th Anniversary Special Feature on Vaccines. Here is the introduction: Vaccines: Science, health, longevity, and wealth – Rino Rappuoli – PNAS

“The special issue of the centenary of PNAS provides an opportunity to review the his- tory of vaccines, the most exciting features of vaccine science, and to contemplate the future. “

Microbes in the news

Gut Check: Exploring your Microbiome – University of Colorado Boulder course

“Join us on a guided tour of the human gut and its microscopic inhabitants. “

* The ‘Whoville’ in Your Gut: Your Microbiome – Raphael Kellman – Everyday Health

“Just as Horton’s neighbors could not “see” the tiny residents of Whoville, most of us are unaware of the microscopic world within us. “

Your Gut Bacteria Want You to Eat a Cupcake – Julie Beck – The Atlantic

“But a recent review published in BioEssays suggests that these bacteria might be a little too big for their britches, bossing their hosts around and demanding certain kinds of foods. “

* Diversify Your Microbiome by Rock Climbing Indoors – Embriette Hyde – MicroBEnet

“Though I don’t feel as though the findings in the study are earth shattering, they do illustrate an important point-the built environments that we inhabit each and every day-whether they are our houses, workplaces, or gyms-are perfect places for sharing microbes of all sorts-both environmental and human-associated. “

Sea Smells By The Sea Shore – Benjamin Wolfe – PopSci.com

“A microbiologist explores the distinctive odors of a day at the beach”

Bik’s Picks

Effect of soccer shoe upper on ball behaviour in curve kicks – Hideyuki Ishii – Nature Scientific Reports

“In this study, by using a finite element simulation, we investigated the factors that affect ball behaviour immediately after impact in a curve kick. Five experienced male university soccer players performed one curve kick. “‘

Illegal killing for ivory drives global decline in African elephants – George Wittemyer – PNAS USA

“…to our knowledge we provide the first detailed assessment of African elephant illegal killing rates at population, regional, and continental scales. “

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Human microbiome, July 8

Female urinary microbiome, stool microbiome and vaccine responses, and gut microbiome in ulcerative colitis patients.

Urinary tract

The Female Urinary Microbiome: a Comparison of Women with and without Urgency Urinary Incontinence – Meghan M. Pearce – mBio

“In this study, we used 16S rRNA gene sequencing to classify bacterial DNA and expanded quantitative urine culture (EQUC) techniques to isolate live bacteria in urine collected by using a transurethral catheter from women with UUI and, in comparison, a cohort without UUI. “

Gut microbiome

Stool Microbiota and Vaccine Responses of Infants – M. Nazmul Huda – Pediatrics

“Bifidobacterium predominance may enhance thymic development and responses to both oral and parenteral vaccines early in infancy”

Novel Gut-Based Pharmacology of Metformin in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus – Antonella Napolitano – PLOS ONE

“Microbiota abundance of the phylum Firmicutes was positively correlated with changes in cholic acid and conjugates, while Bacteroidetes abundance was negatively correlated.”

This one was already published online in September 2013 but it came out in print this week : Commentary: Roseburia hominis: a novel guilty player in ulcerative colitis pathogenesis – Herbert Tilg – Gut

“In recent years evidence was accumulating that the gut microbiota and its manipulation might constitute one of those relevant ‘environmental’ factors. “

A decrease of the butyrate-producing species Roseburia hominis and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii defines dysbiosis in patients with ulcerative colitis – Kathleen Machiels – Gut

“The composition of the fecal microbiota of UC patients differs from that of healthy individuals: we found a reduction in R hominis and F prausnitzii, both well-known butyrate-producing bacteria of the Firmicutes phylum. “

Pregnancy and birth

Direct Evidence for the Presence of Human Milk Oligosaccharides in the Circulation of Breastfed Infants – Karen C. Goehring – PLOS ONE

“At least some ingested HMOs are absorbed intact into the circulation and excreted in the urine and their concentrations in these fluids correlate with levels of the corresponding mother’s milk”

Commentary: More than a gut feeling: predicting surgical necrotising enterocolitis – Jörn-Hendrik Weitkamp – Gut

“The paper by Sylvester et al 8 describes a new non-invasive approach of combining clinical data and selected urine peptide biomarkers to develop an algorithm to predict progression of suspected medical NEC to surgical disease. “

refers to: A novel urine peptide biomarker-based algorithm for the prognosis of necrotising enterocolitis in human infants – Karl G Sylvester – Gut

“Ensemble modelling combining clinical parameters with biomarker analysis dramatically improves our ability to identify the population at risk for developing progressive NEC.”

Animal models

Host Responses to the Pathogen Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis and Beneficial Microbes Exhibit Host Sex Specificity – Enusha Karunasena – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

“The differences observed suggest that male and female gut tissues and microbiota respond to newly introduced microorganisms differently and that gut-associated microorganisms with host immune system responses and metabolic activity are supported by biology distinct to the host sex.”

General human microbiome

Phylogenetics and the human microbiome – Frederick A Matsen IV – Submitted to Systematic Biology

“In this paper I review the field and its methods from the perspective of a phylogeneticist, as well as describing current challenges for phylogenetics coming from this type of work.”

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