July 24, 2019

Welcome back! Today’s all-around Digest features an animal study identifying a single bacterium as therapy against rheumatoid arthritis, a field trial with bacteria colonizing and sterile Asian tiger mosquitoes to combat vector borne diseases, and a non-microbiology pick about the balance between longevity and immunity. Enjoy!

Event

Microbiome Movement – Oncology Response Summit – Boston

General microbiology

Motile curved bacteria are Pareto-optimal – Rudi Schuech et al. – PNAS

Press: ‘Curvy bacteria’ weigh the benefits of different shapes – Science Daily

Antimicrobial resistance

The burden of antimicrobial resistance at tertiary care hospital, southern Ethiopia: a three years’ retrospective study – Tsegaye Alemayehu et al. – BMC Infectious Diseases

Human oral microbiome

Review: Regulation of oral immune tolerance by the microbiome in food allergy – Emmanuel Stephen-Victor & Talal A Chatila – Current Opinion in Immunology

Human respiratory microbiome

Editorial: Changes in lung microbiome do not explain the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia – Lieuwe D. J. Bos & Andre C. Kalil – Intensive Care Medicine

Human gut microbiome

In vitro: Microbial communities in a dynamic in vitro model for the human ileum resemble the human ileal microbiota – Maria Stolaki et al. – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Pouchitis: Clinical, Endoscopic, Histologic, and Microbiota Results from a Pilot Study – Daniel Selvig et al. – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

Dysbiosis of the gut microbiome is associated with CKD5 and correlated with clinical indices of the disease: a case–controlled study – Yang Li et al. – Journal of Translational Medicine

Animal experiments

Supplementation of diet with non-digestible oligosaccharides alters the intestinal microbiota, but not arthritis development, in IL-1 receptor antagonist deficient mice – Rebecca Rogier et al. – PLoS One

Microbial metabolite deoxycholic acid shapes microbiota against Campylobacter jejuni chicken colonization – Bilal Alrubaye et al. – PLoS One

Lamb: A novel animal model for regional microbial dysbiosis of the pioneer microbial community – Nilusha Malmuthuge and Philip J. Griebel – Frontiers in Microbiology

** A single bacterium restores the microbiome dysbiosis to protect bones from destruction in a rat model of rheumatoid arthritis – Hudan Pan, Ruijin Guo, Yanmei Ju, Qi Wang et al. – Microbiome

Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers and Gut Microbiome Modulate Metabolic Syndrome–Related Aqueous Metabolites in Mice – David K. Scoville et al. – Drug Metabolism and Disposition

Animal microbiome

** Incompatible and sterile insect techniques combined eliminate mosquitoes – Xiaoying Zheng et al. – Nature

Commentary: Tiger mosquitoes tackled in a trial – Peter Armbruster – Nature

Host genetics and geography influence microbiome composition in the sponge Ircinia campana – Sarah M. Griffiths et al. – Journal of Animal Ecology

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Non-target Effects of Naphthalene on the Soil Microbial Biomass and Bacterial Communities in the Subalpine Forests of Western China – Liying Lan et al. – Scientific Reports

Drought modulates interactions between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and barley genotype diversity – Agnieszka Sendek et al. – Scientific Reports

Variation in rhizosphere microbiota correlates with edaphic factor in an abandoned antimony tailing dump – Enzong Xiao et al. – Environmental Pollution

Structural changes of soil organic matter and the linkage to rhizosphere bacterial communities with biochar amendment in manure fertilized soils – Ruilin Huang & Zhenyi Zhang et al. – Science of the Total Environment

Review: The Postharvest Microbiome: The Other Half of Sustainability – Michael Wisniewski & Samir Droby – Biological Control

Water and extremophile microbiome

Oil degradation potential of microbial communities in water and sediment of Baltic Sea coastal area – Hanna Miettinen et al. – PLoS One

Linking dissolved organic matter composition and bacterioplankton communities in an Amazon floodplain system – Michaela L. de Melo et al. – Limnology and Oceanography

Pollution shapes the bacterial community of a river: a case study – N. Yadav & S. Sharma – International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

A pollution gradient contributes to the taxonomic, functional, and resistome diversity of microbial communities in marine sediments – Jiarui Chen & Shelby E. McIlroy et al. – Microbiome

Phages and viruses

Review: Human Virome and Disease: High-Throughput Sequencing for Virus Discovery, Identification of Phage-Bacteria Dysbiosis and Development of Therapeutic Approaches with Emphasis on the Human Gut – Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez & Emily B. Hollister – Viruses

Technology

Targeting 16S rDNA for Stable Recombinant Gene Expression in Pseudomonas – Maike Otto et al. – ACS Synthetic Biology

Microbes in the news

Gut microbes may help malnourished children – Elizabeth Pennisi – Science

The microbiota–gut–brain axis – Natasha Bray – Nature

Nam June Paik Art Center looks at ecosystems, up close – Shim Woo-hyun – The Korea Herald

DuPont Opens State-of-the-Art Probiotics Fermentation Unit – WholeFoods Magazine

The Art Of Solving Antibiotic Overuse in America – ArtIHolics

MICROBIOME RESEARCH IS MORE THAN CHASING GUT FEELINGS – Chad Campbell – Purdue University

NIH grant to fund research on microbiome’s role in cancer – Healio

PET TALK: Balanced GI tract plays large role in dog’s overall well-being – Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences

Mathematics helps us understand the complexity of our microbiome – Tim Sandle – Digital Journal

Good bacteria, bad products – Gali Weinreb – Globes

Gut Microbiome May Alter ALS Progression in Mice – Julianna LeMieux – GenEngNews

Xin’s non-microbiology pick

** The longevity-promoting factor, TCER-1, widely represses stress resistance and innate immunity – Francis R. G. Amrit et al. – Nature Communications

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