March 14, 2019

Today’s digest covers interesting reviews on microbiota for immunotherapies, non-digestible carbohydrates for infant microbiota and contribution of marine microbiota in reactive oxygen species; research articles on how gluten sensitivity is affected by duodenal microbiota and how ginger intake affects mouse microbiota.

General microbiome

Review: Mining the microbiota for microbial and metabolite-based immunotherapies – Ashwin N. Skelly – Nature Reviews Immunology

Pregnancy and early life microbiome

Relationship between vitamin D status and the vaginal microbiome during pregnancy – Kimberly K. Jefferson – Journal of Perinatology

Review: Shaping the Infant Microbiome With Non-Digestible Carbohydrates – Stella A. Verkhnyatskaya – Frontiers in Microbiology

Variations in early gut microbiome are associated with childhood eczema – Yu Zhang – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota in HIV–pneumonia patients is related to peripheral CD4 counts, lung microbiota, and in vitro macrophage dysfunction – Meera K. Shenoy – Microbiome

Effects of bowel preparation on the human gut microbiome and metabolome – Naoyoshi Nagata – Scientific Reports

Human colon mucosal biofilms from healthy or colon cancer hosts are carcinogenic – Sarah Tomkovich – The Journal of Clinical Investigation

Animal experiments

Host NLRP6 exacerbates graft-versus-host disease independent of gut microbial composition – Tomomi Toubai – Nature Microbiology

Duodenal bacterial proteolytic activity determines sensitivity to dietary antigen through protease-activated receptor-2 – Alberto Caminero – Nature Communications

The dynamics of the antibiotic resistome in the feces of freshly weaned pigs following therapeutic administration of oxytetracycline – Mahdi Ghanbari – Scientific Reports

Beneficial effects of ginger on prevention of obesity through modulation of gut microbiota in mice – Jing Wang – European Journal of Nutrition

Six‐Week High‐Fat Diet Alters the Gut Microbiome and Promotes Cecal Inflammation, Endotoxin Production, and Simple Steatosis without Obesity in Male Rats – Melisa Crawford – Lipids

Gut microbiome structure and adrenocortical activity in dogs with aggressive and phobic behavioral disorders – Elisabetta Mondo – BioRxiv

The gut microbiota regulates mouse biliary regenerative responses – Wenli Liu – BioRxiv

Plant, root, soil microbiome

Consistent bacterial selection by date palm root system across heterogeneous desert oasis agroecosystems – Maria J. Mosqueira – Scientific Reports

Bacterial fermentation and respiration processes are uncoupled in anoxic permeable sediments – Adam J. Kessler – Nature Microbiology

Effects of graphene oxide and graphite on soil bacterial and fungal diversity – Christian Forstner – BioRxiv

Water microbiome and extremophiles

Review: The microbial contribution to reactive oxygen species dynamics in marine ecosystems – Erik R. Zinser – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Non-microbiology picks

Nano-bot can probe inside human cells – Science Daily

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