July 13, 2018

Comparing affects of host physiology and diet on primate gut microbiomes, oral bacterial and fungal dysbiosis in people with HIV, contribution of non-fermentable dietary fiber to prevention of autoimmune neurological disease via the gut microbiota.

General microbiome

Tools for engineering coordinated system behaviour in synthetic microbial consortia – Nicolas Kylilis – Nature Communications

Human oral microbiome

Dysbiosis in the oral bacterial and fungal microbiome of HIV-infected subjects is associated with clinical and immunologic variables of HIV infection – Pranab K Mukherjee – PLOS ONE

Human gut microbiome

Dietary non-fermentable fiber prevents autoimmune neurological disease by changing gut metabolic and immune status – Kerstin Berer – Scientific Reports

Physiology and central carbon metabolism of the gut bacterium Prevotella copri – Thomas Franke – Molecular Microbiology

Chemotaxis of Escherichia coli to major hormones and polyamines present in human gut – Joana G Lopes – The ISME Journal

Stool Microbiota Composition Differs in Patients with Stomach, Colon, and Rectal Neoplasms – Omar Youssef – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

Animal experiments

Of Mice and Men . . . and Microbes: Conclusions and Cautions from a Murine Study of the Lung Microbiome and Microbiome-Immune Interactions – John E McGinniss – American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Modulation of gut microbiota by mulberry fruit polysaccharide treatment of obese diabetic db/db mice – Chun Chen – Food & Function

Evidence for the Role of the Cecal Microbiome in Maintenance of Immune Regulation and Homeostasis – Preeti Chhabra – Annals of Surgery

Human Milk Fortification with Bovine Colostrum Is Superior to Formula‐Based Fortifiers to Prevent Gut Dysfunction, Necrotizing Enterocolitis, and Systemic Infection in Preterm Pigs – Jing Sun – Journal of Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Is Effective in Relieving Visceral Hypersensitivity in a Postinfectious Model – Tao Bai – BioMed Research International

Animal microbiome

First report of foregut microbial community in proboscis monkeys: Are diverse forests a reservoir for diverse microbiomes? – Takashi Hayakawa – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Evolutionary trends in host physiology outweigh dietary niche in structuring primate gut microbiomes – Katherine R Amato – The ISME Journal

The composition of the perinatal intestinal microbiota in cattle – Mohammad Jaber Alipour – Scientific Reports

Metagenomic evaluation of the effects of storage conditions on the bacterial microbiota of oysters Crassostrea gasar (Adanson, 1757) – Antonio Ostrensky – Journal of Applied Microbiology

16S rRNA sequencing reveals likely beneficial core microbes within faecal samples of the EU protected slug Geomalacus maculosus – Inga Reich – Scientific Reports

A Robust Noninvasive Approach to Study Gut Microbiota Structure of Amphibian Tadpoles by Feces – Xiaowei Song – Herpetology Research

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Isolation and characterization of two phosphate-solubilizing fungi from rhizosphere soil of moso bamboo and their functional capacities when exposed to different phosphorus sources and pH environments – Yang Zhang – PLOS ONE

Water and extremophile microbiome

Hydrothermal chimneys host habitat-specific microbial communities: analogues for studying the possible impact of mining seafloor massive sulfide deposits – Yuchen Han – Scientific Reports

Food microbiology

Changes in Quality and Microbial Succession of Lightly Salted and Sugar-Salted Blunt Snout Bream (Megalobrama amblycephala) Fillets Stored at 4°C – Yan Li – Journal of Food Protection

Review: Novel approaches for Chemical and Microbiological shelf life extension of cereal crops – Marcus Schmidt – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Probiotics/prebiotics

The short-term impact of probiotic consumption on the oral cavity microbiome – Erik Dassi – Scientific Reports

Bioinformatics

The evolutionary signal in metagenome phyletic profiles predicts many gene functions – Vedrana Vidulin – Microbiome

More microbes

Pre-print: Listeria monocytogenes cell-to-cell spread in epithelia is heterogeneous and dominated by rare pioneer bacteria – Fabian E Ortega – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Gut microbiota: a new way to take your vitamins – João Carlos Gomes-Neto – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

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