November 5, 2017

 

A shorter digest today, but includes a lot of human gut microbiome studies and a cool study on microbes used to treat snake bites!

General microbiome

Comparison of two Jatropha species (Euphorbiaceae) used popularly to treat snakebites in Northeastern Brazil: Chemical profile, inhibitory activity against Bothrops erythromelas venom and antibacterial activity – Juliana Félix-Silva, Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Multi-site human microbiome

A slippery slope: On the origin, role and physiology of mucus – Farhan Taherali, Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews

Human gut microbiome

Faecal microbiota transplantation versus placebo for moderate-to-severe irritable bowel syndrome: a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, single-centre trial –  Peter Holger Johnsen, The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Estrogens and Female Liver Health – Karen L. Chen, Steroids

Safety and Efficacy of Fecal Microbiota Transplant for Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection in Patients With Cancer Treated With Cytotoxic Chemotherapy: A Single-Institution Retrospective Case Series – Mehrdad Hefazi, Mayo Clinic Proceedings

Gut Microbiota and Cancer Patients: A Broad-Ranging Relationship – Giovanni Cammarota, Mayo Clinic Proceedings

Gut microbiota and hypertension: From pathogenesis to new therapeutic strategies – Yongbo Kang, Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology

Preface to “Gut microbiome in health and disease” – Maikel P. Peppelenbosch, Best Practice & Research Clinical Gastroenterology

Results of the implementation of a multidisciplinary programme of faecal microbiota transplantation by colonoscopy for the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection – Antonio López-Sanromán, Gastroenterología y Hepatología (English Edition)

Animal experiments

Alterations in ruminal bacterial populations at induction and recovery from diet-induced milk fat depression in dairy cows – D.W. Pitta, Journal of Dairy Science

Chronic chlorpyrifos exposure elicits diet-specific effects on metabolism and the gut microbiome in rats – Bing Fang, Food and Chemical Toxicology

Housing influences tissue cytokine levels and the fecal bacterial community structure in rats – Padmaja Shastri, Journal of Functional Foods

An intact gut microbiota may be required for lactoferrin-driven immunomodulation in rats – Yongping Wen, Journal of Functional Foods

Untargeted metabolomic profiling of urine in Wistar rats reveals enhanced bioavailability of soy isoflavones post short-term consumption of noni (Morinda citrifolia) juice – José-Manuel Fallas-Ramirez, Journal of Functional Foods

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Long and short term effects of solarization on soil microbiome and agricultural production – Housam Kanaan, Applied Soil Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microbial communities involved in biogas production exhibit high resilience to heat shocks – Abendroth Christian, Bioresource Technology

Food microbiome

Application of high-throughput pyrosequencing in the analysis of microbiota of food commodities procured from small and large retail outlets in a U.S. metropolitan area – A pilot study – Daleniece Higgins, Food Research International

Microbial ecology along the processing of Spanish olives darkened by oxidation – Eduardo Medina, Food Control

Co-fermentation of onion and whey: A promising synbiotic combination – Federica Tinello, Journal of Functional Foods

Diverse yeasts for diverse fermented beverages and foods – Chris Todd Hittinger, Current Opinion in Biotechnology

Techniques

Microbiome measurement: Possibilities and pitfalls – Djawad Radjabzadeh, Best Practice & Research Clinical Gastroenterology

High-throughput eDNA monitoring of fungi to track functional recovery in ecological restoration – DongFeng Yan, Biological Conservation

Commensal Koch’s postulates: establishing causation in human microbiota research – B Anne Neville, Current Opinion in Microbiology

Microbes in the news

Disease outbreak at Marine Corps boot camp abates in San Diego – Carl Prine, The San Diego Union-Tribune

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