February 23, 2017

Today’s selection includes an interesting review on how bacteria keep their time. Long term ceftriaxon sodium usage alters gut microbiota and immune system. Clostridium perfringens toxin genes in the gut microbiota of autistic children. Taxonomic and functional microbial communities of seawater and sea ice from the Canadian Arctic. Enjoy!

General microbiome

Distinct signatures of dental plaque metabolic byproducts dictated by periodontal inflammatory status. – Akito Sakanaka – Scientific Reports

*Review: Timing the day: what makes bacterial clocks tick? – Carl Hirschie Johnson – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Human urinary microbiome

Review: The female urinary microbiota, urinary health and common urinary disorders. – Linda Brubaker – Annals of Translational Medicine

Review: Questions and challenges associated with studying the microbiome of the urinary tract – Yige Bao – Annals of Translational Medicine

Review: The association between bacteria and urinary stones. – Andrew L. Schwaderer – Annals of Translational Medicine

Human nearly-sterile sites 

The Conserved Phylogeny of Blood Microbiome – Malay Bhattacharyya – Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution

Human gut microbiome

Review: The gut microbiome in human neurological disease: A review. – Helen Tremlett – Annals of Neurology

Review: Gut microbiome-based medical methodologies for early-stage disease prevention – Jing-Zhang Wang – Microbial Pathogenesis

Review: Gut microbiome and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. – Hans C. Arora – Annals of Translational Medicine

*Long-term use of ceftriaxone sodium induced changes in gut microbiota and immune system. – Yanjie Guo – Scientific Reports

Note Elies Bik: This study was not performed in humans but in a horrible rat model that can only be qualified as torture. This does not test for depression but for extreme stress. Should not have performed. Proceed with extreme caution. Variations in gut microbiota and fecal metabolic phenotype associated with depression by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and LC/MS-based metabolomics. – Meng Yu – Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis

Specific inulin-type fructan fibers protect against autoimmune diabetes by modulating gut immunity, barrier function and microbiota homeostasis. – Kang Chen – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Gut microbiota and oxalate homeostasis. – Marguerite Hatch – Annals of Translational Medicine

Tryptophan: A gut microbiota-derived metabolites regulating inflammation. – Lucie Etienne-Mesmin –  World Journal of Gastrointestestinal Pharmacology

*Detection of Clostridium perfringens toxin genes in the gut microbiota of autistic children. – Sydney M. Finegold – Anaerobe

Animal experiments

Butyrate restores HFD induced adaptations in brain function and metabolism in mid-adult obese mice – Ilse A. C. Arnoldussen – International Journal of Obesity

Toxin-positive Clostridium difficile latently infect mouse colonies and protect against highly pathogenic C. difficile. – Lucie Etienne-Mesmin – Gut

Animal microbiome

Individual Signatures Define Canine Skin Microbiota Composition and Variability. – Anna Cuscó – Frontiers in Veterinary Science

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Differential sharing and distinct co-occurrence networks among spatially close bacterial microbiota of bark, mosses and lichens‬‬. – Ines Aline Aschenbrenner – Molecular Ecology

Links between soil microbial communities and plant traits in a species-rich grassland under long-term climate change. – Lin Li – Ecology and Evolution

Water and extremophile microbiome

*Metagenomic survey of the taxonomic and functional microbial communities of seawater and sea ice from the Canadian Arctic. – Etienne Yergeau – Scientific Reports

High-resolution sequencing reveals unexplored archaeal diversity in freshwater wetland soils. – Adrienne Narrowe – Environmental Microbiology

Food microbiology

Enhanced Control of Listeria monocytogenes by Enterococcus faecium KE82, a Multiple Enterocin–Producing Strain, in Different Milk Environments. – Elpinki Vandera – Journal of food protection

Probiotics / prebiotics

Review: Probiotics for prevention of urinary stones. – John C. Lieske – Annals of Translational Medicine

Review: Review of the mechanisms of probiotic actions in the prevention of colorectal cancer. – Sandra A. dos Reis – Nutrition Research

Phages and viruses

The Baltic Sea Virome: Diversity and Transcriptional Activity of DNA and RNA Viruses – Lisa Zeigler Allen – mSystems

Microbes in the news 

The Future Of Skin Care: Lotions That Feed Our Microbiome

Collapse of Aztec society linked to catastrophic salmonella outbreak

Smart’ bacteria remodel their genes to infect our intestines

Smallest CRISPR So Far Comes from Food Poisoning Bacteria

Anitha’s non-microbiology picks 

An epigenetics gold rush: new controls for gene expression

Scientists discover 7 ‘Earthlike’ planets orbiting a nearby star

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