January 11, 2017

Vaginal microbial  communities associated with HIV acquisition or protection, evolution and function of the appendix, microbes and bird evolution, soil microbes followed for 17 years, and bone microbiome and cause-of-death of an 18th century child.
Jobs

Faculty Position in Microbiome Research – National University of Singapore – Science Careers

Pregnancy and early life

The Role of Early Life Nutrition in the Establishment of Gastrointestinal Microbial Composition and Function – Erin C. Davis – Gut Microbes

Human vaginal microbiome

Lactobacillus-Deficient Cervicovaginal Bacterial Communities Are Associated with Increased HIV Acquisition in Young South African Women – Christina Gosmann – Immunity

Diagnosis and microecological characteristics of aerobic vaginitis in outpatients based on preformed enzymes – Zhi-liang Wang – Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology

Human respiratory microbiome

Review: The microbiome in mechanically ventilated patients – Yin, Yudong – Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases

Human gut microbiome

Morphological evolution of the mammalian cecum and cecal appendix – Heather F. Smith – Comptes Rendus Palevol

Exploring the Efficacy of Pooled Stools in Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Microbiota-Associated Chronic Diseases – Abbas Kazerouni – PLOS ONE

Review: Role of Vitamin D in the Hygiene Hypothesis: The Interplay between Vitamin D, Vitamin D Receptors, Gut Microbiota, and Immune Response – Allison Clark – Frontiers in Immunology

Review: Bacterial Signaling to the Nervous System via Toxins and Metabolites – Nicole J. Yang – Journal of Molecular Biology

Animal experiments

Metabolite exchange between microbiome members produces compounds that influence Drosophila behavior – Caleb Fischer – eLIFE

Gut Microbiota Mediates Protection Against Enteropathy Induced by Indomethacin – Xue Xiao – Scientific Reports

Faecal parameters as biomarkers of the equine hindgut microbial ecosystem under dietary change – P. Grimm – Animal

Characterisation of Early-Life Fecal Microbiota in Susceptible and Healthy Pigs to Post-Weaning Diarrhoea – Samir Dou – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Metagenomic analysis of microbial community of a parasitoid wasp Megaphragma amalphitanum – A.V. Nedoluzhko – Genomics Data

* Review: Ecoimmunology and microbial ecology: Contributions to avian behavior, physiology, and life history – Jessica K. Evans – Hormones and Behavior

Archaeology microbiome

The Cause of Death of a Child in the 18th Century Solved by Bone Microbiome Typing Using Laser Microdissection and Next Generation Sequencing – Valeria D’Argenio – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Phyllosphere Methylobacterium bacteria contain UVA-absorbing compounds – Shigenobu Yoshida – Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology

Major Crop Species Show Differential Balance between Root Morphological and Physiological Responses to Variable Phosphorus Supply – Yang Lyu – Frontiers in Plant Science

* Links between soil microbial communities and plant traits in a species-rich grassland under long-term climate change – Emma J. Sayer – Ecology and Evolution

Water and extremophile microbiome

Two microcrustaceans affect microbial and macroinvertebrate-driven litter breakdown – Sophie Chambord – Freshwater Biology

Biofilms Confer Resistance to Simulated Extra-terrestrial Geochemical Extremes – Adam H Stevens – bioRxiv Preprint

Bioinformatics, statistics, and metagenomics

From Genomes to Phenotypes: Traitar, the Microbial Trait Analyzer – Aaron Weimann – mSystems

Structural zeros in high-dimensional data with applications to microbiome studies – Abhishek Kaul – Biostatistics

More microbiology

Mutations in Cas9 Enhance the Rate of Acquisition of Viral Spacer Sequences during the CRISPR-Cas Immune Response – Robert Heler – Molecular Cell

Press: Researchers Learn to Enhance Bacteria’s Ability to Form Genetic Memories – SciCasts

Microbes in the news
Meet Canada’s ‘poop lady’: “I got to know people up there very well over the years, said Girard, 28. – EurekAlert

A new year for our journal club! – Fiona Whelan – Human Microbiome Journal Club

Oral bacteria linked to preterm labor in Hawaiʻi – Desiree Uyeda – University of Hawai’i News

Mayo’s microbiome study targets diabetes – Brett Boese – Post Bulletin

MicrobEYEome: Liver Cancer Patients Have a Signature Microbiome – GastroEndo News

PresentationThe role of the microbiome in Porcine Reproductive & Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) – Megan Niederwerder – YouTube

Based on the title this appears to be a good candidate for the “Overselling The Microbiome Award” by Jonathan Eisen: How Sexual Attraction Is Shaped by Gut Bacteria, Infectious Diseases, and Parasites – Kathleen McAuliffe – BigThink

Latest Dengue Update: Bacteria Strain That Stops Dengue Transmission In Mosquitoes Dies In Hot Environment – Minnow Blythe – Counsel Heal

Microbes on the market

Allergan (AGN) Enters Licensing Agreement with Assembly Biosciences (ASMB) to Obtain Worldwide Rights to GI Programs – StreetInsider

Ferring Partners with Intralytix to Develop Bacteriophage Treatments for Conditions Associated with the Microbiome and Drug-Resistant Bacteria – BusinessWire

La Roche-Posay Introduces Prebiotic Skincare Line – PR NewsWire

Indigo’s Preliminary Commercial Data Demonstrate Significant Yield Gains for Growers with Plant Microbiome Product – PR NewsWire

Bik’s non-microbiology picks

The Association of Hot Red Chili Pepper Consumption and Mortality: A Large Population-Based Cohort Study – Mustafa Chopan – PLOS ONE

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