May 20, 2016

Updated microbial census, building healthy gut communities, antibiotics might worsen symptoms in transplant patients, another gut-brain connection, and FiveThirtyEight’s Gut Science week.


Bioinformatics for the Microbiome Symposium at Stanford – Friday, May 27

General microbiology

Status of the Archaeal and Bacterial Census: an Update – Patrick D. Schloss – mBio

Suddenly everyone is a microbiota specialist! – Stefan A. Boers – Clinical Microbiology and Infection

Intricacies of assessing the human microbiome in epidemiologic studies – Courtney K. Robinson – Annals of Epidemiology

Pregnancy and birth

Sepsis in preterm infants causes alterations in mucosal gene expression and microbiota profiles compared to non-septic twins – María Cernada – Scientific Reports

From our lab, Editorial: Gut microbiota: How to build healthy growth-promoting gut communities – David A. Relman – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Human oral microbiome

Investigating Oral Microbiome Profiles in Children with Cleft Lip and Palate for Prognosis of Alveolar Bone Grafting – Luwei Liu – PLOS ONE

Human skin, eye, and ear microbiome (also see under Animal Experiments below)

Microbiology of Middle Ear Infections: Do You Hear What I Hear? – Donna M. Wolk – Clinical Microbiology Newsletter

Review: Impact of Microbiome on Ocular Health – Abirami Kugadas – The Ocular Surface

Human respiratory microbiome

Azithromycin therapy during RSV bronchiolitis: upper airway microbiome alterations and subsequent recurrent wheeze – Yanjiao Zhou – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human urinary tract microbiome

Research Highlight: Stones: Gut microbiome is unique in kidney stone disease – Rebecca Kelsey – Nature Reviews Urology

Human gut microbiome

Increased Gut Redox and Depletion of Anaerobic and Methanogenic Prokaryotes in Severe Acute Malnutrition – Matthieu Million – Scientific Reports

Topological distortion and reorganized modular structure of gut microbial co-occurrence networks in inflammatory bowel disease – Steven N. Baldassano – Scientific Reports

Hypothesis: Targeting the Ecology Within: The Role of the Gut-Brain Axis and Human Microbiota in Drug Addiction – Patrick D. Skosnik – Medical Hypotheses

Editorial: FMT — enduring strains – Katrina Ray – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Review: Gut Microbiota and Metabolic Health: The Potential Beneficial Effects of a Medium Chain Triglyceride Diet in Obese Individuals – Sabri Ahmed Rial – MDPI Nutrients

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation

Predictors of Early Failure After Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for the Therapy of Clostridium Difficile Infection: A Multicenter Study – Monika Fischer – The American Journal of Gastroenterology

Animal experiments

Ly6Chi Monocytes Provide a Link between Antibiotic-Induced Changes in Gut Microbiota and Adult Hippocampal Neurogenesis – Luisa Möhle – Cell Reports

Gut bacteria influence the birth of new brain cells in mice – Jessica Hamzelou – New Scientist

Editorial: Microbiota Alterations in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: From Correlation to Causality – Benoit Chassaing – CMGH Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Commentary: Canine and Human Atopic Dermatitis: Two Faces of the Same Host-Microbe Interaction – Domenico Santoro – Journal of Investigative Dermatology

Longitudinal Evaluation of the Skin Microbiome and Association with Microenvironment and Treatment in Canine Atopic Dermatitis – Charles W. Bradley – Journal of Investigative Dermatology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Plant community influence on soil microbial response after a wildfire in Sierra Nevada National Park (Spain) – Gema Bárcenas-Moreno – Science of The Total Environment

Insight into how organic amendments can shape the soil microbiome in long-term field experiments as revealed by network analysis – Ning Ling – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Mycorrhiza and heavy metal resistant bacteria enhance growth, nutrient uptake and alter metabolic profile of sorghum grown in marginal soil – Faten Dhawi – Chemosphere

Built environment microbiome

Subaerial biofilms on granitic historic buildings: microbial diversity and development of phototrophic multi-species cultures – D. Vázquez-Nion

Pollution and waste microbiology

Microbial diversity and community structure in an antimony-rich tailings dump – Enzong Xiao – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Food microbiology

A method to isolate bacterial communities and characterize ecosystems from food products: Validation and utilization in as a reproducible chicken meat model – Amélie Rouger – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Bioinformatics, proteomics, metabolomics

An adaptive association test for microbiome data: R package MiSPU – Chong Wu – Genome Medicine

Review: The information science of microbial ecology – Aria S Hahn – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Editorial: Proteomic interrogation of the gut microbiota: potential clinical impact – Sven-Bastiaan Haange – Expert Review of Proteomics

Microbial community metabolic modeling: A community data-driven network reconstruction – Christopher S. Henry – Journal of Cellular Physiology

More microbiology

Increased GVHD-related mortality with broad-spectrum antibiotic use after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in human patients and mice – Yusuke Shono – Science Translational Medicine

Some antibiotics may worsen complications in transplant patients – Science Daily

Microbes in the news

Welcome To FiveThirtyEight’s Gut Science Week – Maggie Koerth-Baker

Everybody Is Constipated, Nobody Is Constipated – Maggie Koerth-Baker

What Your Poop Says About You – Christine Laskowski

Probiotics Won’t Fix All Your Health Problems – Katherine Hobson

What Your Poop Says About You – Christine Laskowski

Is Gut Science Biased? – Anna Maria Barry-Jester

How Your Gut Affects Your Mood – Christie Aschwanden – FiveThirtyEight

Your Mouth Has Bacteria “That Could Grow on Mars,” Says a NASA Scientist – Especially if you had cheese sometime recently – Neel V. Patel – Inverse

Science, publishing, and career

Preprints for the life sciences – Jeremy M. Berg – Science

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