April 6, 2016

C-section and gut colonization, N. flavescens in celiac patients, Lactobacillus in the gut, bird or whiskey, bacteria attached to phytodetritus, microbiology in the classroom, and CRISPR to decipher and shape bacterial diversity. And a bad article about women in space.

Event

Microbiome: How Commensal Bacteria Can Be Our Friends – A Talk by Dr. Deepshika Ramanan – April 14, Genspace Brooklyn, NY, Genspace

Organizing 2017 Microbes of the Built Environment conference, call for community input – Lynn Schriml – MicroBEnet

Pregnancy and birth

Cesarean section changes neonatal gut colonization – Jakob Stokholm – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human respiratory microbiome

Bacterial–viral load and the immune response in stable and exacerbated COPD: significance and therapeutic prospects – Silvestro Ennio D’Anna – International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Human gut microbiome

Metagenomics Reveals Dysbiosis and a Potentially Pathogenic N. flavescens Strain in Duodenum of Adult Celiac Patients – Valeria D’Argenio – American Journal of Gastroenterology

Th17 responses and natural IgM antibodies are related to gut microbiota composition in systemic lupus erythematosus patients – Patricia López – Scientific Reports

Mining metagenomic whole genome sequences revealed subdominant but constant Lactobacillus population in the human gut microbiota – Maddalena Rossi – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Diminution of the gut resistome after a gut microbiota-targeted dietary intervention in obese children – Guojun Wu – Scientific Reports

DGGE: The Effect of Probiotic Treatment on Patients Infected with the H7N9 Influenza Virus – Xinjun Hu – PLOS ONE

Review: Use your antibiotics wisely. Consequences to the intestinal microbiome – Jorge Cervantes – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Review: Diet, Microbiota, Obesity, and NAFLD: A Dangerous Quartet – Mariana Verdelho Machado – MDPI International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Animal models

Airway bacteria drive a progressive COPD-like phenotype in mice with polymeric immunoglobulin receptor deficiency – Bradley W. Richmond – Nature Communications

Reproduction and Growth in a Murine Model of Early Life-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Eniko Nagy – PLOS ONE

Intake of Meat Proteins Substantially Increased the Relative Abundance of Genus Lactobacillus in Rat Feces – Yingying Zhu – PLOS ONE

Colitis susceptibility in p47 phox−/− mice is mediated by the microbiome – E. Liana Falcone – Microbiome

Review: Multiscale analysis of the murine intestine for modeling human diseases – Jesse Lyons – Integrative Biology

Animal microbiome

The bird, not the whiskey: Activity of urealytic microorganisms in the gastrointestinal tract of the black grouse Lyrurus tetrix – M. V. Vecherskii – Doklady Biological Sciences

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Zinc treatment increases the titre of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ in huanglongbing-affected citrus plants while affecting the bacterial microbiomes – M.Q. Zhang – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Species Specificity of Bacteria Associated to the Brown Seaweeds Lobophora (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) and Their Potential for Induction of Rapid Coral Bleaching in Acropora muricata – Christophe Vieira – Frontiers in Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Aerobic Vinyl Chloride Metabolism in Groundwater Microcosms by Methanotrophic and Etheneotrophic Bacteria – Margaret Findlay – Environmental Science & Technology

Pyrosequencing analysis of bacterial communities in Lake Bosten, a large brackish inland lake in the arid northwest of China – Lei Zhang – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Dynamic of bacterial communities attached to lightened phytodetritus – Morgan Petit – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Waste and pollution microbiology

Detection of the Antimicrobial Triclosan in Environmental Samples by Immunoassay – Ki Chang Ahn – Environmental Science & Technology

Lactic acid fermentation from food waste with indigenous microbiota: Effects of pH, temperature and high OLR – Jialing Tang – Waste Management

Use of PCR-DGGE based molecular methods to assessment of microbial diversity during anaerobic treatment of antibiotic combinations – Sevcan Aydin – Bioresource Technology

Microbial Ecology

Host behaviour–parasite feedback: an essential link between animal behaviour and disease ecology – Vanessa O. Ezenwa – Proceedings of the Royal Society B

Myxococcus xanthus: Positively Frequency-Dependent Interference Competition Maintains Diversity and Pervades a Natural Population of Cooperative Microbes – Olaya Rendueles – Current Biology

Review: Deciphering and shaping bacterial diversity through CRISPR – Alexandra E Briner – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Microbes and education

Nice set of papers in ASM’s Journal of Microbiology and Biology Education:

Microbes in the news

The Scary Thing About a Virus That Kills Farmed Fish – Ed Yong – The Atlantic

Seres Therapeutics: All You Need To Know About What Will Be The First Prescription Microbiome Company – Seeking Alpha

Type IV pili: Appendages Help Microbes Survive Harsh Conditions – Charles Q. Choi – Astrobiology

Not endorsing this article. Microbiotas of men and women are not that different, not much published data on effects of space flight on gut microbiome, and I did not like the suggestion that women will get sick more often. Also, antibiotics ain’t gonna help if women have breast cancer.
Gender generates biological challenges for long duration spaceflight – Evan Gough

So long lithium, hello bacteria batteries? – ScienMag (not to be confused with Science)

Microbes in the news

Targeting the gut microbiome to fight heart disease – American Society for Microbiology

Science, publishing, and career

The Immoral Landscape? Scientists Are Associated with Violations of Morality – Bastiaan T. Rutjens – PLOS ONE

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