March 1, 2016

Colonization of the mouth in babies, biofilm in dinosaur bone, lichen symbiosis, microbial forensics, horse stool transplants, and ViromeScan.

Pregnancy and birth

Probiotic Supplementation and Late-Onset Sepsis in Preterm Infants: A Meta-analysis – Shripada C. Rao – Pediatrics

Early colonization of the oral cavity in 6- and 12-month-old infants by cariogenic and periodontal pathogens: a case-control study – Vlasta Merglova – Folia Microbiologica

Review: Perinatal nutrition: How to Take Care of the gut microbiota? – Izaskun García-Mantrana – Clinical Nutrition Experimental

Human skin microbiome

Antagonism between Staphylococcus epidermidis and Propionibacterium acnes and its genomic basis – Gitte J. M. Christensen – BMC Genomics

Human oral microbiome

Bacterial community shifts during healing of palatal wounds: comparison of two graft harvesting approaches – Suzanne L. Delima – Journal of Clinical Periodontology

Human gut microbiome

Innate Sensing of the Gut Microbiota: Modulation of Inflammatory and Autoimmune Diseases – Aline Ignacio – Frontiers in Immunology

Does the intestinal microbial community of Korean Crohn’s disease patients differ from that of western patients? – Chang Soo Eun – BMC Gastroenterology

Review: Gut Microbiota Modification: Another Piece in the Puzzle of the Benefits of Physical Exercise in Health? – Begoña Cerdá – Frontiers in Physiology

Editorial: The Microbiome in Critical Illness: Firm Conclusions or Bact to Square One?
John D. Lyons – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

Editiorial: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Does the Gut Microbiome Hold the Key?
Sophie Leclercq – Canadian Journal of Psychiatry

Animal models of microbiome research

Cognitive Impairment by Antibiotic-Induced Gut Dysbiosis: Analysis of Gut Microbiota-Brain Communication – Esther E. Fröhlich – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Epigenome-Microbiome crosstalk: A potential new paradigm influencing neonatal susceptibility to disease – Rene Cortese – Epigenetics

Animal microbiome

Testing the Hypothesis of Biofilm as a Source for Soft Tissue and Cell-Like Structures Preserved in Dinosaur Bone – Mary Higby Schweitzer – PLOS ONE

The holobiont concept: the case of xylophagous termites and cockroaches – Mercedes Berlanga – Symbiosis

Termites: Characterization of the Core and Caste-Specific Microbiota in the Termite, Reticulitermes flavipes – Jacquelynn Benjamino – Frontiers in Microbiology

The sea cucumber microbiome is so hot right now: Individual Apostichopus japonicus fecal microbiome reveals a link with polyhydroxybutyrate producers in host growth gaps – Yohei Yamazaki – Scientific Reports

Gut bacterial communities across tadpole ecomorphs in two diverse tropical anuran faunas – Miguel Vences – The Science of Nature

Review: Equine faecal microbiota transplant: Current knowledge, proposed guidelines and future directions – K. R. Mullen – Equine Veterinary Education

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Differential Response of Potato Toward Inoculation with Taxonomically Diverse Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria – Tahir Naqqash – Frontiers in Plant Science

Disentangling the relative importance of host tree community, abiotic environment, and spatial factors on ectomycorrhizal fungal assemblages along an elevation gradient – Shunsuke Matsuoka – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Changes of soil microbial community under different degraded gradients of alpine meadow – Yaoming Li – Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

Responses of Soil Fungal Populations and Communities to the Thinning of Cryptomeria Japonica Forests – Wan-Rou Lin – Microbes and Environments

Land-Cover Legacy Effects on Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Abundance in Human and Wildlife Dominated Systems in Tropical Savanna – Geofrey E. Soka – Advances in Ecology

Response of Soil Microbial Properties to Long-Term Application of Organic and Inorganic Amendments in a Tropical Soil (Saria, Burkina Faso) – Ndeye Hélène Diallo-Diagne – OJSS

Microspatial variability in community structure and photophysiology of calcified macroalgal microbiomes revealed by coupling of hyperspectral and high-resolution fluorescence imaging – R. G. Perkin – Scientific Reports

Lichen: Understanding Microbial Multi-Species Symbioses – Ines A. Aschenbrenner – Frontiers in Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Protist metabarcoding and environmental biomonitoring: time for change – J. Pawlowski – European Journal of Protistology

Biogeochemical and microbial variation across 5500 km of Antarctic surface sediment implicates organic matter as a driver of benthic community structure – Deric R. Learman – Frontiers in Microbiology

Book Chapter: Life in the Anoxic Sub-Seafloor Environment: Linking Microbial Metabolism and Mega Reserves of Methane Hydrate – Varsha Honkalas – Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology

Waste and pollution microbiology

Potential Impacts of PCBs on Sediment Microbiomes in a Tropical Marine Environment – James S. Klaus – MDPI J. Mar. Sci. Eng.

Microbial Community Structure of Activated Sludge in Treatment Plants with Different Wastewater Compositions – Nataliya M. Shchegolkova – Frontiers in Microbiology

Food microbiology

Metatranscriptomics reveals temperature-driven functional changes in microbiome impacting cheese maturation rate – Francesca De Filippis – Scientific Reports

Forensic microbiology

Review: Expansion of Microbial Forensics – Sarah E. Schmedes – Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Bioinformatics, viruses, metagenomics

ViromeScan: a new tool for metagenomic viral community profiling – Simone Rampelli – BMC Genomics

MIMIVIRE is a defence system in mimivirus that confers resistance to virophage – Anthony Levasseur – Nature

More microbiology

Culture-independent method for identification of microbial enzyme-encoding genes by activity-based single-cell sequencing using a water-in-oil microdroplet platform – Kazuki Nakamura – Scientific Reports

Expanding the Diet for DIET: Electron Donors Supporting Direct Interspecies Electron Transfer (DIET) in Defined Co-Cultures – Li-Ying Wang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbes and infection

Genome analysis of three Pneumocystis species reveals adaptation mechanisms to life exclusively in mammalian hosts – Liang Ma – Nature Communications

Microbes in the news

NASA’s lab rat: What astronaut Scott Kelly’s year in space can teach us – Sharon Begley – STAT news

Video: Bacteria Can Be Your Best Friend, interview with Ned Ruby and Margaret McFall-Ngai – ThinkTech Hawaii

Inside the secret defense systems of giant viruses – Carl Zimmer – STATnews

How Gut Microbiota Impacts HIV Disease. A new understanding of the role gut microbiota plays in HIV disease is beginning to emerge, suggesting potential new strategies to manage the infection – Bob Roehr – Scientific American

The Case of the Missing Microbes – Kevin Bonham – Scientific American

Faecal transplants could be useful in treating diarrhoea in horses – review – Horse Talk

Antibiotic use in preschoolers alters intestinal microbiome, increases disease risk – Healio

Altering the Gut Microbiome with Early Life Exercise – HCP Live

Obstructive sleep apnea raises hypertension risk, a possible link with gut bacteria: Study– Devon Andre – Belmarra Health

Tipping the Balance in Microbiome Standoffs.The Human Microbiome May Dispose Us toward Health or Illness On The Basis Of Tiny Shifts in Microbial Subpopulations – MaryAnn Labant – GenEngNews

Fighting Infections with Viruses, as Antibiotics Fail – NewsMax

HU develops Jerusalem sewage viruses to kill off resistant dental bacteria – Jerusalem Post

Turning bacteria into ‘SWARMBOTS’: Groups of microbes could be engineered to help combat harmful bugs in the gut – Daily Mail

Bacteria or Virus? New Tests May Identify What’s Causing Your Infection – The Wall Street Journal

Science, publishing, and career

I’m quoted here too: Blatt is back: “open debate cornerstone of scientific process” – Leonid Schneider- For Better Science

An introvert goes conferencing – Strategies to cope – Stephen B Heard – Scientist Sees Squirrel

Bik’s Picks

Ever Wonder What a Neanderthal Considered a Delicacy? – Erika Engelhaupt – National Geographic



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