June 23, 2015

Gill structure and microbiome of clownfish (Nemo), the Ocean Sampling Day consortium, and capturing prokaryotic dark matter genomes.

Human respiratory microbiome

The use of Next Generation Sequencing in the diagnosis and typing of respiratory infections – Fiona Thorburn – Journal of Clinical Virology

Effects of Vaccination with 10-Valent Pneumococcal Non-Typeable Haemophilus influenza Protein D Conjugate Vaccine (PHiD-CV) on the Nasopharyngeal Microbiome of Kenyan Toddlers – Leah M. Feazel – PLOS ONE

Human vaginal microbiome

Isolation of Vaginal Lactobacilli and Characterization of Anti-Candida Activity – Carola Parolin – PLOS ONE

Letter: Accuracy of Self-Report of Sexual Activity among Adolescent Girls: Implications for Interpretation of Vaginal Flora Patterns – Christina A. Muzny – mBio

Human gut microbiome

Effects of a Formula Containing Two Types of Prebiotics, Bifidogenic Growth Stimulator and Galacto-oligosaccharide, and Fermented Milk Products on Intestinal Microbiota and Antibody Response to Influenza Vaccine in Elderly Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial – Nagafuchi S – Pharmaceuticals

Systemic Sclerosis is Associated with a Unique Colonic Microbial Consortium – E. Volkmann – Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

Review: Influence of the human intestinal microbiome on obesity and metabolic dysfunction – Herbert Tilg and Timon E. Adolph

Review: Is intestinal inflammation linking dysbiosis to gut barrier dysfunction during liver disease? – Katharina Brandl – Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Review: Microbiome-generated amyloid and potential impact on amyloidogenesis in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) – Yuhai Zhao – Journal of Nature and Science

Animal models

Non Digestible Oligosaccharides Modulate the Gut Microbiota to Control the Development of Leukemia and Associated Cachexia in Mice – Laure B. Bindels – PLOS ONE

Engineering the gut microbiota to treat hyperammonemia – Ting-Chin David Shen – Journal of Clinical Investigation

Animal microbiome

Exposure of clownfish larvae to suspended sediment levels found on the Great Barrier Reef: Impacts on gill structure and microbiome – Sybille Hess – Scientific Reports

Longitudinal analysis reveals characteristically high proportions of bacterial vaginosis-associated bacteria and temporal variability of vaginal microbiota in northern pig-tailed macaques (Macaca leonina) – Lin Zhu – Zoological Research

Review: Giving microbes their due – animal life in a microbially dominant world – Margaret J. McFall-Ngai – The Journal of Experimental Biology

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Context dependency and saturating effects of loss of rare soil microbes on plant productivity – Gera Hol – Frontiers in Plant Science

Genetic Diversity and Functional Traits of Jacq. Associated with Symbiotic Microbial Communities in Caribbean Swamp Forests in Relation to Insular Distribution, Salinity and Flooding – Amadou Bâ – Wetlands

Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis of Soil Bacterial Communities under Different Vegetation Types in Subtropical Area – Zeyan Wu – PLOS ONE

Water microbiome

The ocean sampling day consortium – Anna Kopf and many others – Gigascience

Thesis: Analysis of the Microbial Community Along Three Sites of the Rio Grande by Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis – Rebeca Imelda Castro – Texas A&M International University

Bioinformatics

On the Origins and Control of Community Types in the Human Microbiome – Travis E. Gibson – ArXiv

Thesis: Exploring microbial community structure and resilience through visualization and analysis of microbial co-occurrence networks – Sarah Isa Esther Perez – University of British Columbia

Metagenomics

Phylogeny and physiology of candidate phylum ‘Atribacteria’ (OP9/JS1) inferred from cultivation-independent genomics – Masaru K Nobu – The ISME Journal

Review: Capturing prokaryotic dark matter genomes – Cyrielle Gasc – Research in Microbiology

Viruses and phages

Large tailed spindle viruses of Archaea: A new way of doing viral business – Rebecca Hochstein – Journal of Virology

Draft Genome Sequences of Marine RNA Viruses SF-1, SF-2, and SF-3 Recovered from San Francisco Wastewater – Alexander L. Greninger – Genome Announcements

Microbial ecology

Backbones of evolutionary history test biodiversity theory for microbes – James P. O’Dwyer – PNAS

Techniques

Effect of DNA Extraction Methods on the Apparent Structure of Yak Rumen Microbial Communities as Revealed by 16S rDNA Sequencing – Ya-Bing Chen – Polish Journal of Microbiology

Microbes in the news

Bacteria may help bats to fight deadly fungus: As white-nose syndrome spreads, researchers are trialling ways to stop colonies from collapsing – Nala Rogers – Nature

This mushroom might alter gut bacteria for the better, study finds – Catherine Woods – PBS Newshour

Can the Bacteria in Your Gut Explain Your Mood? The rich array of microbiota in our intestines can tell us more than you might think – Peter Andrey Smith – New York Times

Urban microbes come out of the shadows: Genomic sequences reveal cities’ teeming masses of bacteria and viruses – Rachel Ehrenberg – Nature

NIH Earmarks $1.5M to Fund Human Microbiome Research Projects – GenomeWeb

Fat, sugar cause bacterial changes that may relate to loss of cognitive function – Oregon State University

Why Would Anyone Get a Fecal Transplant? Watch a Brother and Sister Explain – Maryn McKenna – National Geographic

Bik’s Picks

Astronaut Terry Virts on the Power of Space Photography – Andrew Katz – Time

Dangerous cervical lesions reduced since start of HPV vaccination – Kathryn Doyle – Reuters

This cockroach-inspired robot will scurry right into your nightmares: Crawling soon to a rescue squad near you – Arielle Duhaime-Ross – The Verge

 

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