June 24, 2015

Chinese mushroom might help with weight loss (in mice), asthma and the microbiome (also in mice), metabolic networks in the gut, and benefits of resistant starch. Plus: Taylor Swift won’t be doing anymore reviewing for Nature.

Human oral microbiome

Alterations of Bacteroides sp., Neisseria sp., Actinomyces sp., and Streptococcus sp. populations in the oropharyngeal microbiome are associated with liver cirrhosis and pneumonia – Haifeng Lu – BMC Infectious Diseases

Intra-Genomic Heterogeneity in 16S rRNA Genes in Strictly Anaerobic Clinical Isolates from Periodontal Abscesses – Jiazhen Chen – PLOS ONE

Human gut microbiome

Akkermansia muciniphila and improved metabolic health during a dietary intervention in obesity: relationship with gut microbiome richness and ecology – Maria Carlota Dao – Gut

Animal models

Ganoderma lucidum reduces obesity in mice by modulating the composition of the gut microbiota – Chih-Jung Chang – Nature Communications

Evidence that asthma is a developmental origin disease influenced by maternal diet and bacterial metabolites – Alison N. Thorburn – Nature Communications

Characterization of the bacterial gut microbiota of piglets suffering from new neonatal porcine diarrhoea – Marie Louise Hermann-Bank – BMC Veterinary Research

Animal microbiome

Allometry of animal–microbe interactions and global census of animal-associated microbes – Thomas L. Kieft, Karen A. Simmons – Proceedings B

Introduction of Non-Native Pollinators Can Lead to Trans-Continental Movement of Bee-Associated Fungi – Shannon M. Hedtke – PLOS ONE

Effect of poly-β-hydroxybutyrate on growth, enzyme activity and intestinal microbial community of Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis (Milne-Edwards) juveniles – Liying Sui – Aquaculture Research

Small stonefly predators affect microbenthic and meiobenthic communities in stream leaf packs – Nabil Majdi – Freshwater Biology

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Hologenome theory supported by co-occurrence networks of species-specific bacterial communities in siphonous algae (Caulerpa) – T. Aires – FEMS Microbial Ecology

Land Use History Shifts In Situ Fungal and Bacterial Successions following Wheat Straw Input into the Soil – Vincent Tardy – PLOS ONE

Water microbiome

Inefficient microbial production of refractory dissolved organic matter in the ocean – Helena Osterholz – Nature Communications

The Link between Microbial Diversity and Nitrogen Cycling in Marine Sediments Is Modulated by Macrofaunal Bioturbation – Maryam Yazdani Foshtomi – PLOS ONE

Functional foods

Review: Preparation, health benefits and applications of resistant starch—a review – Bilal Ahmad Ashwar – Starch – Stärke

Metabolic networks and metabolomics

Inference of Network Dynamics and Metabolic Interactions in the Gut Microbiome – Steven N. Steinway – PLOS Computational Biology

A genome-wide systems analysis reveals strong link between colorectal cancer and trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a gut microbial metabolite of dietary meat and fat – Rong Xu – BMC Genomics

Application of a hierarchical enzyme classification method reveals the role of gut microbiome in human metabolism – Akram Mohammed – BMC Genomics

Comparative integrated omics: identification of key functionalities in microbial community-wide metabolic networks – Hugo Roume – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Use of the Analysis of the Volatile Faecal Metabolome in Screening for Colorectal Cancer – Claire A Batty – PLOS ONE

Microbes in the news

IndieGoGo project: A Probiotic Life: Microbiome Documentary

New colon cancer culprit found in gut microbiome – EurekAlert

Mushroom used in Chinese medicine ‘slows weight gain’ – James Gallagher – BBC News

Announcing the uBiome Studies Portal “We’re aiming to launch one new study every week.” – uBiome

What is the role of the gut microbiome in developing Parkinson’s disease? – EurekAlert

Microbiology and art

Artists Reveal the Bacterial Beauty of the Human Microbiome – Shaunacy Ferro – Mental Floss

Science, publishing, and career

A day in the life of a malaria researcher – Lin Lee – BioMedCentral Blogs

Towards an unbiased view of science: Authors at Nature Communications now have the option to choose double-blind peer review – Nature Communications

Satire: Taylor Swift Announces She Will No Longer Review For Nature – The Allium

Bik’s Picks

A Middle Triassic stem-turtle and the evolution of the turtle body plan – Rainer R. Schoch & Hans-Dieter Sues – Nature

Scientists Finally Decide Which Bit of This Weird Animal is the Head – Ed Yong – National Geographic

America’s Next Top Chef is a Supercomputer From IBM – Liz Stinson – Wired


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