April 17, 2015

Two new papers on the microbiome of not-western populations, and the influence of the microbiome on the circadian rhythm (or is it the other way around?).

Events

Session on “The Microbiome” at the AHCJ (Association of Health Care Journalists) annual meeting, Santa Clara, CA – Friday April 24 – HT: Jonathan Eisen

Human oral microbiome

Review: Oral infections and cardiovascular disease – Karim El Kholy – Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism

Human skin microbiome

Review: Rosacea : Part I. Introduction, categorization, histology, pathogenesis, and risk factors – Aimee M. Two – Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology

Human respiratory microbiome

Review: Emerging bacterial pathogens and changing concepts of bacterial pathogenesis in cystic fibrosis – Michael D. Parkins – Journal of Cystic Fibrosis

Human gut microbiome

The microbiome of uncontacted Amerindians – Jose C. Clemente – Science Advances

The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes – Inés Martínez – Cell Reports

Altered fecal microbiota composition in patients with major depressive disorder – Haiyin Jiang – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Forum: Keeping gut lining at bay: impact of emulsifiers – Patrice D. Cani, Amandine Everard

Review: Possible role of the microbiome in the development of acute malnutrition and implications for food-based strategies to prevent and treat acute malnutrition – Ellen Murray, Mark Manary – Food and Nutrition Bulletin

Review: The gut microbiota and liver disease – Cristina Llorente – CMGH Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Animal and other models

Effects of Diurnal Variation of Gut Microbes and High-Fat Feeding on Host Circadian Clock Function and Metabolism – Vanessa Leone – Cell Host & Microbe

Resistant starch diet induces change in the swine microbiome and a predominance of beneficial bacterial populations – Özgün C O Umu – Microbiome Journal

In-vitro model for studying methanogens in human gut microbiota – William Tottey – Anaerobe

Relationship between the gut microbiota, lipopolysaccharide, inflammation, and metabolic osteoarthritis development: Studies in a rat model – K.H. Collins – Osteoarthritis and Cartilage

Effects of dietary supplementation with β-glucan and synbiotics on growth, haemolymph chemistry, and intestinal microbiota and morphology in the Pacific white shrimp – S. Boonanuntanasarn – Aquaculture Nutrition

Extremophiles / rock microbiome

On the rocks: Autoendoliths: a distinct type of rock-hosted microbial life – J. Marlow – Geobiology

Food microbiology

Evaluation of the Dynamics of Microbiological Quality in Lightly Pickled Napa Cabbages During Manufacture – Kazuya Masuda – Journal of Food Safety

Microbes in the news

Western lifestyle may limit the diversity of bacteria in the gut – Joseph Caputo – Cell Press
What Your Poop Says About Your Lifestyle – Agata Blaszczak-Boxe – Live Science
Is super-diverse Amazon microbiome something to strive for? – Penny Sarchet – New Scientist
Yanomami, An Amazon Tribe, Could Provide Answers To Antibiotic Resistance – Susan Scutti – Medical Daily
Study Reveals Microbiome Diversity, Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Isolated Amazon Tribe – Andrea Anderson – Genome Web
Bacteria bonanza found in remote Amazon village – Boer Deng – Nature

Gut Microbes Influence Circadian Clock – Anna Azvolinsky – The Scientist

“Computers are the new microscopes, and data is the new blood draw,” UCSD hiring ‘big data’ stars – Gary Robbins – UT San Diego

Brushing teeth regularly can save you from future heart attacks – Business Standard

Escape by dilution: dissolved organic matter in the ocean is too dilute to be consumed – Jack J. Middelburg – Science

Microbiome Researcher Also Fan Of Guns And Roses – The Allium

Science, publishing, and career

A PI is forced to close his lab: The reality that dare not speak its name – Andrew D. Hollenbach
A harsh response:
On productivity and the “unfair” grant funding game – DrugMonkey

SurveyHelp solve the mystery of the disappearing Ph.D.s – Beryl Lieff Benderly – Science

Ten Simple Rules for Effective Online Outreach – Holly M. Bik – PLOS Computational Biology

The Quantitative Methods Boot Camp: Teaching Quantitative Thinking and Computing Skills to Graduate Students in the Life Sciences – Melanie I. Stefan – PLOS Computational Biology

On the ‘benefits’ of Postdocs – Michelle Collins – The Spectroscope

Claiming sexism in science is over is just wishful thinking – Lisa Grossman – New Scientist

Bik’s Picks

Through This Chemical Loop, Dogs Win Our Hearts – Ed Yong – National Geographic

Octopuses Have Moves, But No Rhythm – Laura Geggel – Live Science

The Roomba for Lawns Is Really Pissing Off Astronomers – Davey Alba – Wired

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