July 23, 2020

In today’s digest – duodenal microbiota linked to stunting in children, differential effects of germfree and antibiotic treated mouse models on social behavior, microbial metabolite receptor GPBAR and its interaction with bile acids, review article on engineering microbes to treat diseases and many more…happy reading!

General microbiome

The Microbiota-Gut-Immune-Glia (MGIG) Axis in Major Depression – Leszek Rudzki – Molecular Neurobiology

Engineering the gut microbiota to treat chronic diseases – Noura S. Dosoky – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Human microbiome

Acute and chronic improvement in postprandial glucose metabolism by a diet resembling the traditional Mediterranean dietary pattern: Can SCFAs play a role? – Marilena Vitale – Clinical Nutrition

Linking the duodenal microbiota to stunting in a cohort of undernourished Bangladeshi children with enteropathy – Robert Y. Chen – New England Journal of Medicine

Enterobacterales Infection after Intestinal Dominance in Hospitalized Patients – Krishna Rao – mSphere

Differences in the gut Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes ratio across age groups in healthy Ukrainian population – Alexander Vaiserman – BMC Microbiology

Preprint- Association of gut microbiota with cerebral cortex and cerebrovascular abnormality in human mild traumatic brain injury – Lijun Bai – BioRxiv

Real-world study in infants fed an infant formula with two human milk oligosaccharides – Enriqueta Román – Nutricion Hospitalaria

Animal experiments

Gut microbiome composition differences among breeds impact feed efficiency in swine – Matteo Bergamaschi – Microbiome

Opposing effects of antibiotics and germ-free status on neuropeptide systems involved in social behaviour and pain regulation – Katerina V. A. Johnson – BMC Neuroscience

Local Necrotic Cells Trigger Systemic Immune Activation via Gut Microbiome Dysbiosis in Drosophila – Hina Kosakamoto – Cell Reports

Peanut skin extract ameliorates the symptoms of type 2 diabetes mellitus in mice by alleviating inflammation and maintaining gut microbiota homeostasis – Lan Xiang – Aging

Preprint- Community composition and development of the post-weaning piglet gut microbiome – D. Gaio – BioRxiv

Gut microbiota regulate tumor metastasis via circRNA/miRNA networks – Zhuxian Zhua – Gut Microbes

Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and Campylobacter infection induce diarrhea in piglets: Microbial dysbiosis and intestinal disorder – Gang Yang – Animal Nutrition

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Populations of the Parasitic Plant Phelipanche ramosa Influence Their Seed Microbiota – Sarah Huet – Frontiers in Plant Science

Domestication-driven changes in plant traits associated with changes in the assembly of the rhizosphere microbiota in tetraploid wheat – Aymé Spor – Scientific Reports

Water microbiome

Preprint- Time series metagenomic sampling of the Thermopyles, Greece, geothermal springs reveals stable microbial communities dominated by novel sulfur-oxidizing chemoautotrophs – A. Meziti – BioRxiv

Preprint- Evaluation of the microbial community structure of potable water samples from occupied and unoccupied buildings using16S rRNA amplicon sequencing – Kimothy L. Smith – BioRxiv

Phages and Viruses

Preprint- Targeting of Mammalian Glycans Enhances Phage Predation in the Gastrointestinal Tract – Sabrina I. Green – BioRxiv

Techniques
Structural basis of GPBAR activation and bile acid recognition – Fan Yang – Nature

Microbes in News

Machine learning analysis reveals less diverse microbiome in children with type 1 diabetes – Healio

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