July 18, 2019

Have a nice Thursday! Today in this Digest, we have papers with clinical implications for the use of microbiota in disease analysis; for example: a paper presenting a model for the use of gut microbiota for disease classification, or an article showing the impact of microbiota in cardiometabolic risk. Today we have several papers about animal microbiome or studies in animal models, including an interesting article showing a relationship between wasp adaptation and their microbiota. And, of course, more papers!

 

Human and General Microbiome

* Establishment and evaluation of prediction model for multiple disease classification based on gut microbial data – Sohyun Bang – Scientific Reports

* Gut microbiota composition explains more variance in the host cardiometabolic risk than genetic ancestry – Sandra J. Guzmán-Castañeda – Gut Microbes 

Species Deletions from Microbiome Consortia Reveal Key Metabolic Interactions between Gut Microbes – Natalia Gutiérrez – mSystems

The association between pneumococcal vaccination, ethnicity, and the nasopharyngeal microbiota of children in Fiji – Laura K. Boelsen – Microbiome

Crypt- and Mucosa-Associated Core Microbiotas in Humans and Their Alteration in Colon Cancer PatientsAzadeh Saffarian – mBio

A Bacteriophage Cocktail Eliminates Salmonella Typhimurium from the Human Colonic Microbiome while Preserving Cytokine Signaling and Preventing Attachment to and Invasion of Human Cells by Salmonella In Vitro – Zachary D. Moye – Journal of Food Protection

Discovery of potential genes contributing to the biosynthesis of short-chain fatty acids and lactate in gut microbiota from systematic investigation in E. coli – Chunhua Zhao – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Altered in Vitro Metabolomic Response of the Human Microbiota to Sweeteners – Emanuel Vamanu – Genes

Research Highlight: Microbiota supplements to improve metabolic health – Anna Kriebs – Nature Reviews Endocrinology

Review: Ketogenic Diet and Microbiota: Friends or Enemies? – Antonio Paoli – Genes

Review: Supporting a Healthy Microbiome for the Primary Prevention of Eczema – Sofia Szari – Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology

A Comparative Analysis of Biosynthetic Gene Clusters in Lean and Obese Humans – Shengqin Wang – BioMed Research International

 

Animal Models / Animal Experiments

* Phylosymbiosis Impacts Adaptive Traits in Nasonia Wasps – Edward J. van Opstal – mBio

The microbiota protects from viral-induced neurologic damage through microglia-intrinsic TLR signaling – D Garrett Brown – eLife

Pregnancy and lactation interfere with the response of autoimmunity to modulation of gut microbiota – Qinghui Mu – Microbiome

Polysaccharide A-Dependent Opposing Effects of Mucosal and Systemic Exposures to Human Gut Commensal Bacteroides Fragilis in Type 1 Diabetes – M. Hanief – Diabetes

Heart failure developed after myocardial infarction does not affect gut microbiota composition in the rat – Renata Maria Lataro – Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

Effect of chrysin on changes in intestinal environment and microbiome induced by fructose-feeding in rats – Nelson Andrade – Food & Function

Microbiota of periodontal pockets and root canals in induced experimental periodontal disease in dogs – Cícero R. Gadê‐Neto – Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry

Frontline Science: Abnormalities in the gut mucosa of non-obese diabetic mice precede the onset of type 1 diabetes – Mariana Camila Gonçalves Miranda – Journal of Leukocyte Biology

Early Feeding Regime of Waste Milk, Milk, and Milk Replacer for Calves Has Different Effects on Rumen Fermentation and the Bacterial Community – Rong Zhang – Animals

 

Beneficial Compounds and Microbes

Modified apple polysaccharide regulates microbial dysbiosis to suppress high-fat diet-induced obesity in C57BL/6J mice – Yuhua Li – European Journal of Nutrition

Mulberry leaves ameliorate obesity through enhancing brown adipose tissue activity and modulating gut microbiota – Yao Sheng – Food & Function

 

Plant Microbiome

Root-specific camalexin biosynthesis controls the plant growth-promoting effects of multiple bacterial strains – Anna Koprivova – PNAS

 

Environmental Microbiome

An RNA-based quantitative and compositional study of ammonium-oxidizing bacteria and archaea in Lake Taihu, a eutrophic freshwater lake – Tong-tong Liu – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Exploring Biodiversity and Arsenic Metabolism of Microbiota Inhabiting Arsenic-Rich Groundwaters in Northern Italy – Lucia Cavalca – Frontiers in Microbiology

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