March 28, 2019

Today’s digest covers interesting reviews on different aspects of host-microbiome interactions, research articles about how structural variation in gut microbiome affects host health, characterization of a simplified microbial community to study microbial interaction with diet in mice and viral diversity in soil metagenomes. Happy reading!

General microbiome

Review – Microbiome: Our opponents or allies in healthcare and medicine – Horst A von Recum – Experimental Biology and Medicine

Review –  To B12 or not to B12: Five questions on the role of cobalamin in host-microbial interactions – Carol A. Rowley – Plos Pathogens

Review – Can oral bacteria affect the microbiome of the gut? – Ingar Olsen – Journal of Oral Microbiology

Review –  Inter-kingdom signaling between gut microbiota and their host – Qing Li – Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

Human gut microbiome

Structural variation in the gut microbiome associates with host health – David Zeevi – Nature

Effects of fermentable high fiber diet supplementation on gut derived and conventional nitrogenous product in patients on maintenance hemodialysis: a randomized controlled trial – Hamid Tayebi Khosroshahi – Nutrition and Metabolism

Identification of the microbial diversity after fecal microbiota transplantation therapy for chronic intractable constipation using 16s rRNA amplicon sequencing – Tadashi Ohara – PlosOne

The microbiome and tuberculosis: state of the art, potential applications, and defining the clinical research agenda – Charissa C Naidoo – Lancet Respiratory medicine

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation: An Update on Clinical Practice – Kyeong Ok Kim – Clinical Endoscopy

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor and uremic toxins from gut microbiota in chronic kidney disease patients: Is there a relationship? – Jessyca Brito – Biochemistry

Animal experiments

Bacterial AB5 toxins inhibit the growth of gut bacteria by targeting ganglioside-like glycoconjugates – Robert T. Patry – Nature Communications

Simplified Intestinal Microbiota to Study Microbe-Diet-Host Interactions in a Mouse Model – Petia Kovatcheva-Datchary – Cell Reports

Pomegranate ellagitannin-gut microbial-derived metabolites, urolithins, inhibit neuroinflammation in vitro – Nicholas A. DaSilva – Nutritional Neuroscience

Endogenous Enterobacteriaceae underlie variation in susceptibility to Salmonella infection – Eric M. Velazquez – Nature Microbiology

Plant, root, soil microbiome

Thickness determines microbial community structure and function in nitrifying biofilms via deterministic assembly – Carolina Suarez – Scientific Reports

Untapped viral diversity in global soil metagenomes – Emily B. Graham – BioRxiv

Water microbiome and extremophiles

Fate of antibiotic resistance genes in two Arctic tundra wetlands impacted by municipal wastewater – Jennifer L. Hayward – Science of the Total Environment

Probiotics

Importance of probiotics in the prevention and treatment of colorectal cancer – Majid Eslami – Journal of Cellular Physiology

Non-microbiology picks

Artificial womb technology breaks its four minute mile – Science Daily

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