June 22, 2016

Nipple aspirate, CNS infections, fiber and food allergies, horses and honeybee bacteria, and a report from the subway citizen science project.

General human microbiome

Commentary: Lessons Learned from Probing for Impacts of Triclosan and Triclocarban on Human Microbiomes – Rolf U. Halden – mSphere

Human nipple microbiome

Characterization of the microbiome of nipple aspirate fluid of breast cancer survivors – Alfred A. Chan – Scientific Reports

Human vaginal microbiome

Impact of Probiotic SYNBIO® Administered by Vaginal Suppositories in Promoting Vaginal Health of Apparently Healthy Women – Maria Cristina Verdenelli – Current Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Alterations of Intestinal Microbiome by Antibiotic Therapy in Hospitalized Children – Miriam R. Fernandes – Microbial Drug Resistance

Could gut microbiota serve as prognostic biomarker associated with colorectal cancer patients’ survival? A pilot study on relevant mechanism – Zhiliang Wei – Oncotarget

ASM Microbe 2016 abstract: Increased Akkermansia muciniphila and Bacteroides fragilis Group Abundance After Islamic Fasting – C. Erdogdu – ASM Microbe 2016

Press: Happy Ramadan From Your Microbiome! – Gastroenterology & Endoscopy News

Review: Inflammation and the microbiome: implications for depressive disorders – Shawn Hayley – Current Opinion in Pharmacology

Review: Role of the microbiome, probiotics, and ‘dysbiosis therapy’ in critical illness.– Wischmeyer, Paul E. – Current Opinion in Critical Care

Infection and microbiology

Next-generation sequencing in neuropathologic diagnosis of infections of the nervous system – Steven L. Salzberg – Neurology Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation

Press: Diagnosing brain infections using metagenomics – Julian Harris – PHG Foundation

Animal experiments

Dietary Fiber and Bacterial SCFA Enhance Oral Tolerance and Protect against Food Allergy through Diverse Cellular Pathways – Jian Tan – Cell Reports

Press: Diet high in fiber and vitamin A key to preventing allergies to peanuts and other triggers – EurekAlert

Gut microbiota translocation to the pancreatic lymph nodes triggers NOD2 activation and contributes to T1D onset – Frederico R.C. Costa – Journal of Experimental Medicine

Cutting Edge: Commensal Microbiota Has Disparate Effects on Manifestations of Polyglandular Autoimmune Inflammation – Camilla H. F. Hansen – The Journal of Immunology

Fighting Off Wound Pathogens in Horses with Honeybee Lactic Acid Bacteria – Tobias C. Olofsson – Current Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Local diversity of heathland Cercozoa explored by in-depth sequencing – Christoffer Bugge Harder – the ISME Journal

Press: Immense species richness of bacterial-eating microorganisms discovered in soil – Phys.org

Characterization of cadmium-resistant bacteria and their potential for reducing accumulation of cadmium in rice grains – Xiaoyan Lin – Science of The Total Environment
Editorial special issue: Soil, plants and endophytes – Stéphane Compant – Plant and Soil

Water and extremophile microbiome

Diverse Sulfur Metabolisms from Two Subterranean Sulfidic Spring Systems – Karen Rossmassler – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Metabolic potential of microbial mats and microbialites: autotrophic capabilities described by an in silico stoichiometric approach from shared genomic resources – Daniel Cerqueda-García – Journal of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology

Waste and pollution microbiology

Microbial contamination along the main open wastewater and storm water channel of Hanoi, Vietnam, and potential health risks for urban farmers – Samuel Fuhrimann – Science of The Total Environment

Isolation of Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus from a tropical wastewater treatment plant and predation of mixed species biofilms assembled by the native community members – Shugeng Feng – Environmental Microbiology

Microbial forensics

Microbial forensics: next‐generation sequencing as catalyst – Irene Kuiper – EMBO Reports

Bioinformatics and metagenomics

MEGAN Community Edition – Interactive Exploration and Analysis of Large-Scale Microbiome Sequencing Data – Daniel H. Huson – PLOS Computational Biology

Phages rarely encode antibiotic resistance genes: a cautionary tale for virome analyses – François Enault – The ISME Journal

More microbiology

Rates and mechanisms of bacterial mutagenesis from maximum-depth sequencing – Justin Jee – Nature

Press: Sequencing method precise enough to reveal mechanisms by which bacteria resist antibiotics – Phys.org

Darwinolide, a New Diterpene Scaffold That Inhibits Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Biofilm from the Antarctic Sponge Dendrilla membranosa – Jacqueline L. von Salm – Organic Letters

Press: Antibiotics from a Sponge. Could a new compound from Antarctic sea sponges be the key to breaching MRSA’s impregnable barricades? – Michael Lucibella – Antarctic Sun

Microbes in the news

MetaSUB Citizen Science Project:
With video of researchers swabbing away: Biologists Study What Kind Of Bacteria Is On New York City Subways – CBS Local
Qiagen, CosmosID Join International Urban Microbiome Project – Genome Web

New Life Found That Lives Off Electricity. Scientists have figured out how microbes can suck energy from rocks. Such life-forms might be more widespread than anyone anticipated – Emily Singer – Quanta Magazine

High-tech program on microbiome-based research launched in Qingdao – Hu Qing – China Daily

Explained: flesh eating bacteria in the Gulf of Mexico – Dylan Baddour – Houston Chronicle

Science, publishing, and career

Your Science Conference Should Have a Code of Conduct – Brett Favaro – Frontiers in Marine Science

Science in China – A special issue looks at the country’s astonishing scientific trajectory as it seeks to secure its spot among the leaders in innovation – Nature
China by the numbers. Research capacity has grown rapidly, and now quality is on the rise – Richard Van Noorden – Nature

Global Research Council: Commit to equity for women researchers – France A. Córdova – Nature

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