May 10, 2016, 2nd edition

Nitrate and oral microcosms, microbial tryptophan metabolism effects on astrocytes, creating germ free plants, a systematic review of the (lack of) effect of probiotics on the gut microbiome, and a phage/host prediction tool.


Starts today: Food-Microbiome Interaction: Implications for Health & Disease – New York Academy of Sciences and the Quadram Institute at The Royal Society in London

Pregnancy and birth

Prenatal and post-natal exposure to antibiotics and risk of asthma in childhood – J. Metsälä – Clinical & Experimental Allergy

Review: Obesity and overweight: Impact on maternal and milk microbiome and their role for infant health and nutrition – Izaskun Garcia-Mantrana – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Human respiratory microbiome

Comparison of two commercial DNA extraction kits for the analysis of nasopharyngeal bacterial communities – Marcos Pérez-Losada – AIMS Microbiology

Human oral microbiome

Nitrate and the Origin of Saliva Influence Composition and Short Chain Fatty Acid Production of Oral Microcosms – Jessica E. Koopman – Microbial Ecology

Human skin microbiome

A systematic review and meta-analysis on Staphylococcus aureus carriage in psoriasis, acne and rosacea – J. E. E. Totté – European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

Human gut microbiome

Global investigation of composition and interaction networks in gut microbiomes of individuals belonging to diverse geographies and age-groups – Deepak Yadav – Gut Pathogens

Alterations in fecal microbiota composition by probiotic supplementation in healthy adults: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials – Nadja B. Kristensen – Genome Medicine

Tissue Microbiome Profiling Identifies An Enrichment of Specific Enteric Bacteria In Opisthorchis viverrini Associated Cholangiocarcinoma – Kern Rei Chng – EBioMedicine

EditorialTranskingdom interactions: Liver flukes and the microbiota in cancer – Lisa Osborne – EBioMedicine

Review: Could physical exercise help modulate the gut microbiota in chronic kidney disease? – Marta Esgalhado – Future Microbiology

Review: The Gut Microbiota and Immune System Relationship in Human Graft-versus-Host Disease – Lucrezia Laterza – Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases

Review: Gut Immunity and Type 1 Diabetes: a Mélange of Microbes, Diet, and Host Interactions? – David Endesfelder – Current Diabetes Reports

Animal experiments

Rumen and Cecum Microbiomes in Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) Are Changed in Response to a Lichen Diet and May Affect Enteric Methane Emissions – Alejandro Salgado-Flores – PLOS ONE

Specific microbiome-dependent mechanisms underlie the energy harvest efficiency of ruminants – Sheerli Kruger Ben Shabat – The ISME Journal

Book Chapter: Germ-Free Mice Model for Studying Host–Microbial Interactions – Yogesh Bhattarai – Mouse Models for Drug Discovery – Springer

Animal microbiome

Review: Bioprospecting Sponge-Associated Microbes for Antimicrobial Compounds – Anak Agung Gede Indraningrat – Marine Drugs

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Wheat seed embryo excision enables the creation of axenic seedlings and Koch’s postulates testing of putative bacterial endophytes – Rebekah J. Robinson – Scientific Reports

Evidence of novel plant-species specific ammonia oxidizing bacterial clades in acidic South African fynbos soils – Jean-Baptiste Ramond – Journal of Basic Microbiology

Plants of the Fynbos biome harbour host species-specific bacterial communities – Tsakani Miyambo – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Extremophile microbiome

In situ hydrogen dynamics in a hot spring microbial mat during a diel cycle – Niels Peter Revsbech – Applied and Environmental Microbiology


Type I interferons and microbial metabolites of tryptophan modulate astrocyte activity and central nervous system inflammation via the aryl hydrocarbon receptor – Veit Rothhammer – Nature Medicine

CARD9 impacts colitis by altering gut microbiota metabolism of tryptophan into aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligands – Bruno Lamas – Nature Medicine

Review: Urolithins, the rescue of ‘old’ metabolites to understand a ‘new’ concept: metabotypes as a nexus between phenolic metabolism, microbiota dysbiosis and host health status – Francisco A. Tomás-Barberán – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Metagenomics and bioinformatics

Improved metagenome assemblies and taxonomic binning using long-read circular consensus sequence data – J. A. Frank – Scientific Reports

OrfM: A fast open reading frame predictor for metagenomic data – Ben J. Woodcroft – Bioinformatics

Phages and viruses

HostPhinder: A Phage Host Prediction Tool – Julia Villarroel – MDPI Viruses

More microbiology

Nonclinical Safety Assessment of SYN-004: An Oral β-lactamase for the Protection of the Gut Microbiome From Disruption by Biliary-Excreted, Intravenously Administered Antibiotics – John F. Kokai-Kun – International Journal of Toxicology

Rapid identification of health care–associated infections with an integrated fluorescence anisotropy system – Ki Soo Park – Science Advances

In situ real-time evaluation of radiation-responsive promoters in the extremely radioresistant microbe Deinococcus radiodurans – Narasimha Anaganti – Journal of Biosciences

Microbes in the news

Stool Bank OpenBiome Is Expanding to Somerville. The bank wants more Boston-area residents to donate – Jamie Ducharme

Do probiotics have an effect on healthy adults? It’s too early to tell – EurekAlert

The Microbiome in Pediatric Rheumatic Diseases – Matthew Stoll – The Rheumatologist

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