January 16, 2016

Gut microbiota in acute malnutrition, social behavior and the chimpanzee pan-microbiome, arctic marine fungi, and learning ecological networks.

General microbiome

Immune-Microbiota Interactions: Dysbiosis as a Global Health Issue – Alan C. Logan – Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

Human oral microbiome

Long-term prospective cohort study on dental implants: clinical and microbiological parameters – Henri Tenenbaum – Clinical Oral Implants Research

Human reproductive tract microbiome

Alterations in the Genital Microbiota in Women With Spinal Cord Injury – Pires, Cristhiane V.G. – Obstetrics & Gynecology

Human gut microbiome

Gut Microbiota in Children Hospitalized with Oedematous and Non-Oedematous Severe Acute Malnutrition in Uganda – Kia Hee Schultz Kristensen – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Editorial: Confounding Effects of Metformin on the Human Gut Microbiome in Type 2 Diabetes – Adil Mardinoglu – Cell Metabolism

Review: Impact of high fat diets, prebiotics and probiotics on gut microbiota and immune function, with relevance to elderly populations – Yue Liu – Nutrition and Aging

Review: Transkingdom control of viral infection and immunity in the mammalian intestine – Julie K. Pfeiffer – Science

Review: Micromanagement in the gut: microenvironmental factors govern colon mucosal biofilm structure and functionality – Rosemarie De Weirdt – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Animal models

In rats: Alternating or continuous exposure to cafeteria diet leads to similar shifts in gut microbiota compared to chow diet – Nadeem O. Kaakoush – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

In mice: Streptomycin treatment alters the intestinal microbiome, pulmonary T cell profile and airway hyperresponsiveness in a cystic fibrosis mouse model – Mark Bazett – Scientific Reports

Animal microbiome

Social behavior shapes the chimpanzee pan-microbiome – Andrew H. Moeller – Science Advances

Environmental drivers of microbial community shifts in the giant barrel sponge, Xestospongia muta, over a shallow to mesophotic depth gradient – Kathleen M. Morrow – Environmental Microbiology

Feeding cessation alters host morphology and bacterial communities in the ascidian Pseudodistoma crucigaster – Susanna López-Legentil – Frontiers in Zoology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Uncultivated margins are source of soil microbial diversity in an agricultural landscape
Luciana D’Acunto – Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

Editorial: Deep influence of soil microbes – Karl Gruber – Nature Plants

Review: Soil microbes and community coalescence – Matthias C. Rillig – Pedobiologia

Water and extremophile microbiome

Linkages between mineralogy, fluid chemistry, and microbial communities within hydrothermal chimneys from the Endeavor Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge – T. J. Lin – Geochemistry, Geophysiscs, Geosystems

Exploration of microbial diversity and community structure of Lonar Lake: the only hypersaline meteorite crater lake within basalt rock – Dhiraj Paul – Frontiers in Microbiology

Vertical segregation and phylogenetic characterization of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and archaea in the sediment of a freshwater aquaculture pond – Shimin Lu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Chytrids Dominate Arctic Marine Fungal Communities – B.T. Hassett – Environmental Microbiology

Built environment microbiome

Bacterial Monitoring in the International Space Station-“Kibo” Based on rRNA Gene Sequence – Nobuyasu Yamaguchi – Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences

Metagenomics and bioinformatics

Safe and complete contig assembly via omnitigs – Alexandru I. Tomescu – ArXiv

More microbiology and ecology

How clonal are bacteria over time? – B. Jesse Shapiro – BioRxiv

Transcription Factors Exhibit Differential Conservation in Bacteria with Reduced Genomes – Edgardo Galán-Vásquez – PLOS ONE

Learning Ecological Networks from Next-Generation Sequencing Data – Corinne Vacher – Advances in Ecological Research

Microbes in the news

Chimps Share Microbes When Socializing – Kate Yandell – The Scientist

How Your Social Life Changes Your Microbiome – Ed Yong – The Atlantic

Social Contact Helps Beneficial Gut Bacteria Spread – Brian Handwerk – Smithsonian

Prevent severe diarrhea by controlling levels of specific gut bacteria – Bel Marra Health

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