July 17, 2015

Laser Capture Microdissection of tissue from infants with NEC, skin microbiome from Chinese subjects, paromomycin treatment effects on human gut microbiome.

General human microbiome

Prenatal exposure to systemic antibacterials and overweight and obesity in danish schoolchildren: A prevalence study – A Mor – International Journal of Obesity

Review: Humans as Superorganisms: How Microbes, Viruses, Imprinted Genes, and Other Selfish Entities Shape Our Behavior – Peter Kramer – Perspectives on Psychological Science

Pregnancy and birth microbiome

Application of Laser Capture Microdissection and 16S rRNA Gene PCR in the Analysis of Bacteria Colonizing the Intestinal Tissue of Neonates with Necrotizing Enterocolitis – Jingli Yang – The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

Human oral microbiome

Checkerboard Assay: Advanced Caries Microbiota in Teeth with Irreversible Pulpitis
Isabela N. Rôças – Journal of Endodontics

Human skin microbiome

Insights into the pan-microbiome: skin microbial communities of Chinese individuals differ from other racial groups – Marcus H. Y. Leung – Scientific Reports

Human gut microbiome

Dynamic changes of the luminal and mucosa-associated gut microbiota during and after antibiotic therapy with paromomycin – Femke-Anouska Heinsen – Gut Microbes

Short-term High Fat Diet Increases Postprandial Trimethylamine-N-Oxide in Humans – Nabil E. Boutagy – Nutrition Research

In Brief/ Editorial: Modifying the gut to treat liver diseases – Cláudio Nunes-Alves – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Review: Talking microbes: when gut bacteria interact with diet and host organs – Patrice D. Cani – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Review: Metagenomic Surveys of Gut Microbiota – Rahul Shubhra Mandal – Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Review: The bilateral responsiveness between intestinal microbes and IgA – Andrew J. Macpherson – Trends in Immunology

Animal and other models

How free of germs is germ-free? Detection of bacterial contamination in a germ free mouse unit – Clinton A Fontaine – Gut Microbes

Microbes & Neurodevelopment – Absence of Microbiota during Early Life Increases Activity-Related Transcriptional Pathways in the Amygdala – Roman M. Stilling – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Exoelectrogenic capacity of host microbiota predicts lymphocyte recruitment to the gut – Aaron Conrad Ericsson – Physiological Genomics

Polyphenols-rich fruit in maternal diet modulates inflammatory markers and the gut microbiota and improves colonic expression of ZO-1 in offspring – Carina Almeida Morais – Food Research International

Defined Nutrient Diets Alter Susceptibility to Clostridium difficile Associated Disease in a Murine Model – John H. Moore – PLOS ONE

Soluble Dextrin Fibers Alter Intestinal Microbiota and Reduce Proinflammatory Cytokine Secretion in Male IL-10–Deficient Mice – Rosica Valcheva – The Journal of Nutrition

Kiwifruit fermentation drives positive gut microbial and metabolic changes irrespective of initial microbiota composition – Paul Blatchford – Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre

Animal microbiome

The potential roles of bacterial communities in coral defence: A case study at Talang-talang reef – Felicity W. I. Kuek – Ocean Science Journal

Soil

Land-use system shapes soil bacterial communities in Southeastern Amazon region – Lucas William Mendes – Applied Soil Ecology

Water microbiome

Seasonal progression of microbial communities on the Faroe shelf – Anni Djurhuus – Marine Biology Research

Waste treatment microbiology

Understanding the linkage between elevation and activated sludge bacterial community along a 3600 m elevational gradient in China – Lihua Niu – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Techniques

Back to Basics – The Influence of DNA Extraction and Primer Choice on Phylogenetic Analysis of Activated Sludge Communities – Mads Albertsen – PLOS ONE

Microbial ecology

Interaction networks for identifying coupled molecular processes in microbial communities – Magnus Bosse – BioData Mining

Microbes in the news

10 Ways to Cultivate Good Gut Bacteria and Reduce Depression – Therese Borchard – Everyday Health

Science, publishing, and career

Hundreds sign letter criticizing Science for reinforcing “damaging stereotypes” – Shannon Palus – Retraction Watch

Bik’s Picks

International report confirms: 2014 was Earth’s warmest year on record – NOAA

A second FDA approval frees Theranos to do a blood test outside lab – Roger Parloff – Fortune

Mosquitoes first sniff then attack their host – Dispatch Times

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