July 16, 2015

Biomimetic robot models of host-microbiome interactions, an eukaryotic model for astrobiology, how plants use salicylic acid to sculpt their root microbiome, and how to cook Hadza tubers.

Human oral microbiome

TLR4, NOD1 and NOD2 Mediate Immune Recognition of Putative Newly-Identified Periodontal Pathogens – Julie Marchesan – Molecular Oral Microbiology

Human respiratory microbiome

Intraalveolar Catecholamines and the Human Lung Microbiome – Robert P. Dickson – American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Human gut microbiome

Transforming berberine into its intestine-absorbable form by the gut microbiota – Ru Feng – Scientific Reports

I could not find information about primers or sequencing strategy, no ordination plots: Colonic bacterial composition in Parkinson’s disease – Ali Keshavarzian – Movement Disorders

Review: Role of gut microbiota in the modulation of atherosclerosis-associated immune response – Dmitry A. Chistiakov – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Potential role of the intestinal microbiota in programming health and disease – Olivier Goulet – Nutrition Reviews

Review: Microbiota and the gut–brain axis – John Bienenstock – Nutrition Reviews

Review: The Blood-Brain Barrier’s Gut Check – Nga Bien-Ly – Science Translational Medicine

Review: The Microbes inside Us and the Race for Colibactin – Helge B. Bode – Angewandte Chemie International Edition

Animal models

Macaques: Persistent effects of early infant diet and associated microbiota on the juvenile immune system – Nicole Narayan – Gut Microbes

Pigs: Wheat and barley differently affect porcine intestinal microbiota – Eva Weiss – Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

Rats: Bacterial Flora Changes in Conjunctiva of Rats with Streptozotocin-Induced Type I Diabetes – Chao Yang – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Fish-like marine chordate: Diversity and composition of the bacterial community in Amphioxus feces – Minming Pan – Journal of Basic Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Salicylic acid modulates colonization of the root microbiome by specific bacterial taxa – Sarah L. Lebeis – Science

Silencing a key gene of the common symbiosis pathway in Nicotiana attenuata specifically impairs arbuscular mycorrhizal infection without influencing the root-associated microbiome or plant growth – Karin Groten – Plant, Cell & Environment

Water microbiome

Microbial communities related to biodegradation of dispersed Macondo oil at low seawater temperature with Norwegian coastal seawater – Odd G. Brakstad – Microbial Biotechnology

Extremophile microbiome

UV-resistant yeasts isolated from a high-altitude volcanic area on the Atacama Desert as eukaryotic models for astrobiology – André A. Pulschen – Microbiology Open

Waste management microbiology

Changes in diversity of cultured bacteria resistant to erythromycin and tetracycline in swine manure during simulated composting and lagoon storage – L. Wang – Letters in Applied Microbiology

Functional foods

Assessing digestibility of Hadza tubers using a dynamic in-vitro model – Stephanie L. Schnorr – American Journal of Physical Anthropology

Bioinformatics

Exploring Host-Microbiome Interactions using an in Silico Model of Biomimetic Robots and Engineered Living Cells – Keith C. Heyde – Scientific Reports

K-Pax2: Bayesian identification of cluster-defining amino acid positions in large sequence datasets – Alberto Pessia – Microbial Genomics

Microbes in the news

Healthy Living: Preterm Birth Disparities: Doctor Dunlop and her team have begun a five year study to examine prenatal stress, diet and a woman’s microbiome on birth outcomes – 9&10 News
Five-year study to examine the gut microbiome of premature infants – Matt Wood – Science Life University of Chicago

Plant defense hormones help sculpt root microbiome – Science Daily

Research finds diversifying your diet may make your gut healthier – Science Codex

Do you smoke? UBiome wants to study your mouthome – Claire Maldarelli – Popular Science

Bik’s Picks

Polar Bears Don’t Go Into Hibernation-Like State in Summer, Researchers Say – James Gorman – New York Times

Finally, Bacon-Flavored Health Food Has Arrived: introducing dulse, a seaweed that tastes like bacon – Elizabeth Palermo – Live Science

Why screams are scary (hint: It’s not because they’re loud) – Eryn Brown – Los Angeles Times

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