Microbiome digest, November 20, 2014

Human gut microbiome

* Altered Duodenal Microbiota Composition in Celiac Disease Patients Suffering From Persistent Symptoms on a Long-Term Gluten-Free Diet – Pirjo Wacklin – American

Friend and foe: factors influencing the movement of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori along the parasitism–mutualism continuum – Derek Lin and Britt Koskella – Evolutionary Applications


Investigation of pH and Temperature Profiles in the GI Tract of Fasted Human Subjects Using the Intellicap® System – Mirko Koziolek – Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Human vaginal microbiome

Vaginal Microbiota and Sexually Transmitted Infections That May Influence Transmission of Cell-Associated HIV – Richard A. Cone – Journal of Infectious Diseases

Animal models of microbiome research

The gut microbiota influences blood-brain barrier permeability in mice – Viorica Braniste – Science Translational Medicine

Association of Obesity with Serum Leptin, Adiponectin, and Serotonin and Gut Microflora in Beagle Dogs – H.-J. Park – Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine

Animal microbiome

Evaluation of five antibiotics on larval gut bacterial diversity of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) – Xiao-Li Lin – Insect Science

Soil microbiome

Regional-scale patterns of soil microbes and nematodes across grasslands on the Mongolian plateau: relationships with climate, soil, and plants – Dima Chen – Ecography

Water microbiome

Using a “time machine” to test for local adaptation of aquatic microbes to temporal and spatial environmental variation – Jeremy W. Fox andLawrence D. Harder – Evolution

Role of microorganisms in oceanic anoxic events (OAEs) – Muriel Pacton and Georges E. Gorin – Geology Today

Microbiome of the built environment

Environmental contamination and hospital-acquired infection: factors that are easily overlooked – C. Beggs – Indoor Air


* rrnDB: improved tools for interpreting rRNA gene abundance in bacteria and archaea and a new foundation for future development – Steven F. Stoddard – Nucleic Acids Research

Microbes in the news

Shift in gut bacteria observed in fiber supplement study may offer good news for weight loss – Science Daily – November 18 2014

Altered microbiota linked to GI symptoms in celiac patients on strict diet – Healio.com

Interview with David Sela: Food scientist proposes way to improve health via breast milk – Cecilia Prado – Daily Collegian

* Mother’s Microbes Protect Baby’s Brain – Ruth Williams – The Scientist

Germophobes, spoiler alert: WSU presentation to suggest not all bacteria is bad – Marcia Ratcliff – Winona Daily News

How Gut Bacteria Can Lead to Weight Gain (video) – Melinda Beck – Wall Street Journal

Genes Revealed that May Impact the Colonization of Beneficial Bacteria – Sarah Plumridge – Northwestern.edu

Microbiome Move Over: the Gut Virome Makes Its Debut – Lara C. Pullen – Medscape

Virus Protects Mouse Gut – Tracy Vence – The Scientist

Upcoming events

2014-15: Bioinformatics: Discovering Patterns in Human Microbiome Data (HMD): March 16-18, 2015

Science and Art

If you are looking for Herpes virus pillows: Virus Cushions – Ohh Reindeer

3D printed giant germs help visually impaired see the world of microorganisms – Nanowerk

Doing science experiments on music: Cymatics: Science Vs. Music – Nigel Stanford – Vimeo.com

Bik’s Picks

Magic shoes: How to hear yourself instantly happy – Corrinne Burns – New Scientist

Out of India: Finding the origins of horses, rhinos – Science Daily

Here’s Why Cats Keep Rubbing Against Our Legs (And Why Catnip Makes Them Go Crazy) – Jacueline Howard – The Huffington Post

Here’s Why Dogs Kick Their Legs When You Rub Their ‘Sweet Spot” – Jacueline Howard – The Huffington Post



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