October 15, 2018

In today’s Digest, you’ll find a method for museum collections to identify helminth communities in small mammals, new results in the urinary and vaginal microbiome, the effects of HIV PrEP and broccoli on the gut microbiome, and fungal communities associated with plant roots. Happy reading!

General microbiome
Review: Probiotics importance and their immunomodulatory properties. – Bahman Yousefi – Journal of Cellular Physiology

Review: An insight into gut microbiota and its functionalities. – Atanu Adak – Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

Gut-brain axis
Review: A primer on investigating the role of the microbiome in brain and cognitive development. – Caroline Kelsey – Developmental Psychobiology

Human vaginal microbiome
Preprint: Comparative genomics of human Lactobacillus crispatus isolates reveals genes for glycosylation and glycogen degradation: Implications for in vivo dominance of the vaginal microbiota – Charlotte van der Veer – bioRxiv

Human urinary microbiome
Community profiling of the urinary microbiota: considerations for low-biomass samples. – Lisa Karstens – Nature Reviews Urology

Human gut microbiome
Daily HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate-emtricitabine reduced Streptococcus and increased Erysipelotrichaceae in rectal microbiota. – Michael P. Dubé – Scientific Reports

Broccoli consumption affects the human gastrointestinal microbiota – Jennifer L. Kaczmarek – The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

Intestinal dysbiosis in Inflammatory Bowel Disease associated with primary immunodeficiency. – Harry Sokol – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Chronic kidney disease after 5/6 nephrectomy disturbs the intestinal microbiota and alters intestinal motility. – Kazuhiro Nishiyama – Journal of Cellular Physiology

Animal microbiome
Museum metabarcoding: a novel method revealing gut helminth communities of small mammals across space and time. – Stephen E. Greiman – International Journal for Parasitology

Showcasing the role of seawater in bacteria recruitment and microbiome stability in sponges. – Marta Turon – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments
Microcapsule of sweet orange essential oil changes gut microbiota in diet-induced obese rats. – Dahu Li – Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

Changes in ruminal and reticular pH and bacterial communities in Holstein cattle fed a high-grain diet. – Yo-Han Kim – BMC Veterinary Research

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Dibutyl phthalate contamination remolded the fungal community in agro-environmental system – Xiao Kong – Chemosphere

Plant‐mediated effects of soil phosphorus on the root‐associated fungal microbiota in Arabidopsis thaliana – Izabela Fabiańska – New Phytologist

Water and extremophile microbiome
Prokaryotic Diversity and Distribution in Different Habitats of an Alpine Rock Glacier-Pond System. – I. Mania – Microbial Ecology

Preprint: Response of extremophile microbiome to a rare rainfall reveals a two-step adaptation mechanism – Gherman Uritskiy – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics
Preprint: Nomenclature Errors in Public 16S rRNA Gene Reference Databases – Kyle James Lesack – bioRxiv

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