August 30, 2018

Today’s digest covers population based studies on regional specificity of the gut microbiome, guidelines on use of fecal microbiota transplant, and review articles on role of the gut microbiome in colorectal cancer, liver tumors and functional gastrointestinal disorders. Also includes articles on how xenobiotics and psychotropic drugs affect the gut microbiota, and link to wonderful bacterial art!

General microbiome

Regional variation limits applications of healthy gut microbiome reference ranges and disease models – Yan He – Nature Medicine

Depicting the composition of gut microbiota in a population with varied ethnic origins but shared geography – Melanie Deschasaux – Nature Medicine

The use of faecal microbiota transplant as treatment for recurrent or refractory Clostridium difficile infection and other potential indications: joint British Society of Gastroenterology (BSG) and Healthcare Infection Society (HIS) guidelines – Benjamin H Mullish – Gut

Bile Acids, the Microbiome, Immunity, and Liver Tumors – Christoph Schramm – The New England Journal of Medicine

Review: The gut microbiome and colorectal cancer: a review of bacterial pathogenesis – Jessica D. Dahmus – Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology

Human gut microbiome

Review: The Gut Microbiome in Adult and Pediatric Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders – Andrea Shin – Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Changes in microbiota composition, bile and fatty acid metabolism, in successful faecal microbiota transplantation for Clostridioides difficile infection – Jillian RM Brown – BMC Gastroenterology

“Cocktail” of Xenobiotics at Human Relevant Levels Reshapes the Gut Bacterial Metabolome in a Species-Specific Manner – Yingdan Zhang – Environmental Science and Technology

Animal experiments

Microbial Sensing by Intestinal Myeloid Cells Controls Carcinogenesis and Epithelial Differentiation – Naoteru Miyata – Cell Reports

Transplacental immune modulation with a bacterial-derived agent protects against allergic airway inflammation – Kyle T Mincham – Journal of Clinical Investigation

Differential effects of psychotropic drugs on microbiome composition and gastrointestinal function – Sofia Cussotto – Pschycopharmocology

Butyrate and Dietary Soluble Fiber Improve Neuroinflammation Associated With Aging in Mice – Stephanie M Matt – Frontiers in Immunonology

Correlations between intestinal innate immune genes and cecal microbiota highlight potential for probiotic development for immune modulation in poultry – Nicky-Lee Willson – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Convergence between the microcosms of Southeast Asian and North American pitcher plants – Leonora S Bittleston – Elife

Water and extremophile microbiome 

In situ development of a methanotrophic microbiome in deep-sea sediments – S E Ruff – ISME Journal

Probiotics/Prebiotics

Probiotics for management of infantile colic: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials – Radoslaw Dryl – Archives of Medical Science

Bioinformatics

A multi-source domain annotation pipeline for quantitative metagenomic and metatranscriptomic functional profiling – Ari Ugarte – Microbiome

Microbes in the news

The world’s smallest masterpieces? Microscopic version of Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa and portraits of Albert Einstein and Charles Darwin are recreated using MILLIONS of bacteria – Daily Mail

Non-microbiology picks 

Evaluating the replicability of social science experiments in Nature and Science between 2010 and 2015 – Colin F Camerer – Nature Human Behaviour

 

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