January 8, 2018

 

Today’s Microbiome Digest has many interesting articles. Read how microscope-based artificial intelligence could alleviate shortage of clinical microbiologists, the article by K. P. Smith. N. A. Kamennaya reports on “Pomacytosis”, a semi-extracellular phagocytosis of cyanobacteria, while M. F. Dias investigated the effect of different drinking waters on mouse gut microbiota.

Events

One-day Symposium (12 Jan 2018): Microbial symbiosis in the marine environment – live streamming

Jobs

Postdoctoral positions in evolutionary genomics, UT Austin

General microbiome

Dietary trehalose enhances virulence of epidemic Clostridium difficile – J. Collins – Nature

Transmission in the Origins of Bacterial Diversity, From Ecotypes to Phyla – Frederick M. Cohan – Microbiology Spectrum

How much do rRNA gene surveys underestimate extant bacterial diversity? – Luis M. Rodriguez-R – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Vibrio cholerae genomic diversity within and between patients –  Inès Levade – Microbial Genomics

Automated Interpretation of Blood Culture Gram Stains using a Deep Convolutional Neural Network – Kenneth P. Smith – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Regulated ploidy of Bacillus subtilis and three new isolates of Bacillus and Paenibacillus – Benjamin Böttinger – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Human respiratory microbiome

Heavy metal exposure and nasal Staphylococcus aureus colonization: analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) – Shoshannah Eggers – Environmental Health

Oral microbiome

Microbial Analysis of Endodontic Infections in Root-filled Teeth with Apical Periodontitis before and after Irrigation Using Pyrosequencing – Homan Zandi – Journal of Endodontics

Human vaginal microbiome

Long-term Lactobacillus rhamnosus BMX 54 application to restore a balanced vaginal ecosystem: a promising solution against HPV-infection – Ettore Palma – BMC Infectious Diseases

Lactobacillus-deficient vaginal microbiota dominate post-partum women in rural Malawi – Ronan Doyle – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Human nearly-sterile sites

Microbiota and the liver – Ting-Chin David Shen – Liver Transplatation

Human gut microbiome

Comparison of DNA extraction methods for human gut microbial community profiling – Mi Young Lim – Systematic and Applied Microbiology

Changes in Gut Microbiota–Related Metabolites and Long-term Successful Weight Loss in Response to Weight-Loss Diets: The POUNDS Lost Trial – Yoriko Heianza – Diabetes Care

Adaptation of human gut microbiota to bariatric surgeries in morbidly obese patients: A systematic review – Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed – Microbial Pathogenesis

The germ-organ theory of non-communicable diseases – Mariana X. Byndloss – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Evolution of a dominant natural isolate of Escherichia coli in the human gut over a year suggests a neutral evolution with reduced effective population size – Mohamed Ghalayini – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Animal experiments

Changes in mouse gut bacterial community in response to different types of drinking water – Marcela F. Dias – Water Research

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Microbial Communities of High-Elevation Fumaroles, Penitentes, and Dry Tephra “Soils” of the Puna de Atacama Volcanic Zone – Adam J. Solon – Microbial Ecology

Shifts in soil bacterial and archaeal communities during freeze-thaw cycles in a seasonal frozen marsh, Northeast China – Jiusheng Ren – Science of The Total Environment

The ‘Neglected’ Soil Virome – Potential Role and Impact – Akbar Adjie Pratama – Trends in Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Study of marine bacteria inactivation by photochemical processes: disinfection kinetics and growth modeling after treatment – Javier Moreno-Andrés – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Metabolic capability and in situ activity of microorganisms in an oil reservoir – Yi-Fan Liu – Microbiome

Phylogenetic distribution of roseobacticides in the Roseobacter group and their effect on microalgae – Eva C Sonnenschein – BioRxiv

“Pomacytosis”—Semi-extracellular phagocytosis of cyanobacteria by the smallest marine algae – Nina A. Kamennaya – PLOS Biology

The Green Berry Consortia of the Sippewissett Salt Marsh: Millimeter-Sized Aggregates of Diazotrophic Unicellular Cyanobacteria – Elizabeth G. Wilbanks – Frontiers in Microbiology

Dynamic changes in carbonate chemistry in the microenvironment around single marine phytoplankton cells – Abdul Chrachri – Nature Communications

Homogenization of lake cyanobacterial communities over a century of climate change and eutrophication – Marie-Eve Monchamp – Nature Ecology & Evolution

Bacterial Recycling of Archaeal Biomass as a New Strategy for Extreme Life in the Dead Sea Deep Sediment – Camille Thomas – EarthArXiv Preprints

Food microbiology

Seasonal variances in bacterial microbiota and volatile organic compounds in raw milk – Beata Nalepa – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Phages and viruses

Is weak CD4+ gain in the course of suppressive combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection a current clinical challenge? A case report and brief review of the literature – Camilla Tincati – BMC Infectious Diseases

Techniques

NanoAmpli-Seq: A workflow for amplicon sequencing from mixed microbial communities on the nanopore sequencing platform – Szymon T Calus – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Scientists engineer sound-reflecting bacteria

Experts: ‘Raw Water’ Offers Unfiltered Risk

 

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