April 27, 2017

An exploration of fish as an alternative to mice for models of host-microbe interactions, a review on what we can learn from Bacteroides about the gut micriobiome, a news story on successful phage therapy for a multi drug resistant infection.

Human oral microbiome

The human oral microbiome is shaped by shared environment rather than genetics: evidence from a large family of closely-related individuals – Liam Shaw – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

* Review: An insider’s perspective: Bacteroides as a window into the microbiome – Aaron G Wexler – Nature Microbiology

Gut Microbiota: Small Molecules Modulate Host Cellular Functions – Jacob M. Luber – Current Biology

Fecal microbial characterization of hospitalized patients with suspected infectious diarrhea shows significant dysbiosis – Tzipi Braun – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments

Supplemental feeding of a gut microbial metabolite of linoleic acid, 10-hydroxy-cis-12-octadecenoic acid, alleviates spontaneous atopic dermatitis and modulates intestinal microbiota in NC/nga mice – Hiroko Kaikiri – International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

Microbiota-activated CD103+ DCs stemming from microbiota adaptation specifically drive γδT17 proliferation and activation – Chris Flemming – Microbiome

Radiation induces proinflammatory dysbiosis: transmission of inflammatory susceptibility by host cytokine induction – Shiran Gerassy-Vainberg – Gut

Animal microbiome

Tick-Pathogen Interactions and Vector Competence: Identification of Molecular Drivers for Tick-Borne Diseases – José de la Fuente – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Review: Managing the plant microbiome for biocontrol fungi: examples from Hypocreales – Ryan M Kepler – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Occurrence of perchlorate in groundwater, paired farmland soil, lettuce, and rhizosphere soil from Chengdu, China – Yulu Tang – Environmental Science: Processes & Impact

Water and extremophile microbiome

The Trichodesmium consortium: conserved heterotrophic co-occurrence and genomic signatures of potential interactions – Michael D Lee – The ISME Journal

Bringing methanotrophy in rivers out of the shadows – Felicity Shelley – Limnology and Oceanography

Rainfall increases the abundance of antibiotic resistance genes within a riverine microbial community – Andrea Di Cesare – Environmental Pollution

Impact of selectively enriched microbial communities on long-term fermentative biohydrogen production – R Kanniah Goud – Bioresource Technology

Probiotics/prebiotics

Perspective: Next-generation probiotics: the spectrum from probiotics to live biotherapeutics – Paul W O’Toole – Nature Microbiology

Molecular assessment of the fecal microbiota in healthy cats and dogs before and during supplementation with fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) and inulin using high-throughput 454-pyrosequencing – Jose F Garcia-Mazcorro – PeerJ

Bioinformatics

Bioinformatic Approaches Including Predictive Metagenomic Profiling Reveal Characteristics of Bacterial Response to Petroleum Hydrocarbon Contamination in Diverse Environments – Arghya Mukherjee – Scientific Reports

Techniques

Faecal volatile organic compounds analysis using field asymmetric ion mobility spectrometry: non-invasive diagnostics in paediatric inflammatory bowel disease – Nora van Gaal – Journal of Breath Research

Teleosts as Model Organisms to Understand Host-Microbe Interactions – Emily A Lescak – Journal of Bacteriology

Synthetic and analytical strategies for the quantification of phenyl-γ-valerolactone conjugated metabolites in human urine – Nicoletta Brindani – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

More microbes

Species ecological similarity modulates the importance of colonization history for adaptive radiation – Jiaqi Tan – International Journal of Organic Evolution

Interaction of Bacterial Membrane Vesicles with Specific Species and Their Potential for Delivery to Target Cells – Yosuke Tashiro – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbes in the news

Phage Therapy Saves Patient from Drug-Resistant Microbes – Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News

Chronic fatigue syndrome linked to imbalanced microbiome – EurekAlert

Komodo Dragon Blood Could Become Tool in Fight Against Bacteria – Elizabeth Pratt – Healthline

Researchers move closer to preventing frost damage in vineyards by managing bacteria on the vines – Greg Northcutt – Western FarmPress

Underwater volcano eruptions allow new bacteria to take over seafloor – Lisa-Ann Lee – New Atlas

Microbes on the market

Taconic Biosciences Expands Microbiome Product and Service Platform – GlobeNewswire

Bacteria and art

This Art Exhibition Is Made From Bacteria, Live Insects And Human Sweat – Ryan F Mandelbaum – Gizmodo Australia

Art Made with CRISPR Aims to Raise Awareness of Antibiotic Resistance – Clara Rodríguez Fernández – Labiotech.eu

Amy’s non-microbiology picks

Microscopy: A larger palette for biological imaging – Charles H Camp Jr – Nature

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