June 11, 2016

Microbiome and virome of FMT patient over time, how well do animal models predict natural microbial activities, goats!, Neolithic vs. modern soil, truffles, and a medieval church.

Human gut microbiome

Long-term microbiota and virome in a Zürich patient after fecal transplantation against Clostridium difficile infection – Felix Broecker – Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Perspective: Nutrition and the microbiome – Karin Moelling – Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Entitled denigrating view of African research, unclear background or IRB approval of volunteers from Africa: Significant pharmacokinetic differences of berberine are attributable to variations in gut microbiota between Africans and Chinese – Raphael N. Alolga – Scientific Reports

Conference report: A Summary of The First HIV Microbiome Workshop 2015 – Brett Williams – AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses

Infection and microbes

No mention of extraction or PCR controls, and most OTUs are shared between samples, so suspicious for contamination. Proceed with caution: High-throughput sequencing of microbial diversity in implant-associated infection – Xin Wang – Infection, Genetics and Evolution

Animal experiments

Metabolomics insights into the modulatory effects of long term low calorie intake in mice – Junfang Wu – Journal of Proteome Research

Perspective: A synthetic ecology perspective: how well does behavior of model organisms in the laboratory predict microbial activities in natural habitats? – Zheng Yu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Animal microbiome

Age and feeding system (supplemental feeding versus grazing) modulates colonic bacterial succession and host mucosal immune maturation in goats – J. Jiao – Journal of Animal Science

Evaluation of 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing using two next-generation sequencing technologies for phylogenetic analysis of the rumen bacterial community in steers – Phillip R. Myer – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

A buried Neolithic paddy soil reveals loss of microbial functional diversity after modern rice cultivation – Yong-Guan Zhu – Science Bulletin

Mycorrhizal detection of native and non-native truffles in a historic arboretum and the discovery of a new North American species, Tuber arnoldianum sp. nov. – Rosanne A. Healy – Mycorrhiza

Beneficial native bacteria improve survival and mycorrhization of desert truffle mycorrhizal plants in nursery conditions – Alfonso Navarro-Ródenas – Mycorrhiza

Nutrient limitation drives response of Calamagrostis epigejos to arbuscular mycorrhiza in primary succession – Jana Rydlová – Mycorrhiza

Ectomycorrhizal and saprotrophic fungal diversity are linked to different tree community attributes in a field-based tree experiment – Nhu H. Nguyen – Molecular Ecology

Long-term effect of plastic film mulching and fertilization on bacterial communities in a brown soil revealed by high through-put sequencing – John Farmer – Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science

Resilience of Fungal Communities to Elevated CO2 – Stavros D. Veresoglou – Microbial Ecology

Review: Life in heaps: A review of microbial responses to variable acidity in sulfide mineral bioleaching heaps for metal extraction – D.W. Shiers – Research in Microbiology

Review: Giving back to the community: Microbial mechanisms of plant-soil interactions – Sur Herrera Paredes – Functional Ecology

Perspective: History Leaves Its Mark on Soil Bacterial Diversity – Jennifer B. H. Martiny – mBio

Water and extremophile microbiome

Characterizing and predicting cyanobacterial blooms in an 8-year amplicon sequencing time-course – Nicolas Tromas – bioRxiv

Response of a coastal tropical pelagic microbial community to changing salinity and temperature – Gurpreet Kaur-Kahlon – Inter-Research in Aquatic Microbial Ecology

Bacterial communities in Arctic first-year drift ice during the winter/spring transition – E. Eronen-Rasimus – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Diversity and distribution of prokaryotes within a shallow-water pockmark field – Donato Giovannelli – Frontiers in Microbiology

Mainly about animals: Life in a dark biosphere: a review of circadian physiology in “arrhythmic” environments – Andrew David Beale – Journal of Comparative Physiology B

Site-specific environmental factors control bacterial and viral diversity in stormwater retention ponds – Matthew A. Saxton – Inter-Research in Aquatic Microbial Ecology

Built environment microbiome

Profile of microbial communities on carbonate stones of the medieval church of San Leonardo di Siponto (Italy) by Illumina-based deep sequencing – Guglielmina Chimienti – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Food microbiology

Cascade degradation of organic matters in brewery wastewater using a continuous stirred microbial electrochemical reactor and analysis of microbial communities – Haiman Wang – Scientific Reports

Bioinformatics and computational biology

Advancing microbial sciences by individual-based modelling – Ferdi L. Hellweger – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Microbes in the news

A Portrait of a Building and its External Inhabitants – Makayla Betts – MicroBEnet

Woman meets Winnipeg researchers whose Ebola treatment saved her life – Bill Redekop – Winnipeg Free Press

Tackling healthcare challenges in a changing world: an interview with Professor Jeremy Nicholson – News Medical

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