March 23, 2016

Today’s Microbiome Digest is dedicated to my sister Charlotte, who passed away last November. It would have been her birthday today.

Pregnancy and birth

Note: no mentioning of extraction controls, many of the Salter contaminants found, figures hard to read. Proceed with caution: Human gut colonisation may be initiated in utero by distinct microbial communities in the placenta and amniotic fluid – Maria Carmen Collado – Scientific Reports

Human skin microbiome

Effects of a New Emollient-Based Treatment on Skin Microflora Balance and Barrier Function in Children with Mild Atopic Dermatitis – Pascale Bianchi – Pediatric Dermatology

Human gut microbiome

Helicobacter pylori Eradication Causes Perturbation of the Human Gut Microbiome in Young Adults – Theresa Wan-Chen Yap – PLOS ONE

Review: Molecular Insight into Gut Microbiota and Rheumatoid Arthritis – Xiaohao Wu – MDPI International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Animal models

Lingonberries reduce atherosclerosis in Apoe-/- mice in association with altered gut microbiota composition and improved lipid profile – Chrysoula Matziouridou – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

News and views: Barrier regulation: tolerance stops at cell death – Johanna Pott – Nature Immunology

Animal microbiome

Coral-Associated Bacterial Diversity is Conserved Across Two Deep-Sea Anthothela Species – Stephanie N. Lawler – Frontiers in Microbiology

Flow cytometry analysis of the microbiota associated with the midguts of vector mosquitoes – Tibebu Habtewold – Parasites & Vectors

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Distribution and diversity of bacterial communities and sulfate-reducing bacteria in a paddy soil irrigated with acid mine drainage – Han Wang – Journal of Applied Microbiology

PhD thesis: The lichen-associated microbiome: taxonomy and functional roles of lichen-associated bacteria – Margrét Auður Sigurbjörnsdóttir – University of Iceland

Air microbiome

The effect of dust storms on the atmospheric microbiome in the Eastern Mediterranean – Yinon Mazar – Environmental Science & Technology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Cyanobacterial symbionts diverged in the late Cretaceous towards lineage-specific nitrogen fixation factories in single-celled phytoplankton – Francisco M. Cornejo-Castillo – Nature Communications

More microbiology

Horizontal Gene Transfer from Bacteria Has Enabled the Plant-Parasitic Nematode Globodera pallida to Feed on Host-Derived Sucrose – Etienne G.J. Danchin – Molecular Biology and Evolution

Viruses and phages

Discovery of unfixed endogenous retrovirus insertions in diverse human populations – Julia Halo Wildschutte – PNAS

Virological factors that increase the transmissibility of emerging human viruses – Jemma L. Geoghegan – PNAS

Bioinformatics and metagenomics

MEGA7: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 7.0 for bigger datasets – Sudhir Kumar – Molecular Biology and Evolution

ETE 3: Reconstruction, Analysis, and Visualization of Phylogenomic Data – Jaime Huerta-Cepas – Molecular Biology and Evolution

Microbes in the news

Disease Detectives Find A Really Good Reason Not To Drink Date Palm Wine – Rae Ellen Bichell – NPR

Bacteria could be speeding up the darkening of Greenland’s ice – Tim Radford – The Guardian

Unlocking the Mechanics of the Urinary Tract Infection – Lina Zeldovich – The Atlantic

Transplant in training: Journey into the Microbiome! – Karen Gardner – The Frederick News-Post

Diversifying Your Microbiome – Academic Minute with Jack Gilbert – Inside Higher Ed

Methane-Eating Bacteria Could Be a Win-Win for Reducing Emissions, Impacts of Fish Farming – Hannah Furlong – Sustainable Brands

Artificial Sweeteners: A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing? – David A. Johnson – Medscape

Paradigm shift: ‘We need to study lumps of bacteria’ – EurekAlert

Microbial diversity and ‘unique’ cheeses – Yufan Chen – Microbe Post

Old, deep and close to home: the places that scientists are looking for new drugs – Benjamin Thompson and Matt Hutchings- Microbe Post

The bacteria that grow better in SPACE: Tests reveal a certain strain develops faster in microgravity – but no-one knows why – Sarah Griffiths – Daily Mail

Windham schools to close for two days over intestinal bacteria – Jen Steer – Fox8 Cleveland

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