December 3, 2015

Microbiomes of gallstones, soil along a bike trip, nematodes in cattle, kiddie pools, and 100 years of phage research.

Pregnancy and birth

Prophages of the genus Bifidobacterium as modulating agents of the infant gut microbiota – Gabriele Andrea Lugli – Environmental Microbiology

Gut microbiota analysis reveals a marked shift to bifidobacteria by a starter infant formula containing a synbiotic of bovine milk-derived oligosaccharides and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis CNCM I-3446 – Umberto Simeoni – Environmental Microbiology

Human skin microbiome

Alas no pictures: Microbial colonization of normal skin: direct visualization of 194 skin biopsies – Anika C. Jahns – Anaerobe

Human gut microbiome

Structural robustness of the gut mucosal microbiota is associated with Crohn’s disease remission after surgery – S Mondot – Gut

Metagenomic sequencing of bile from gallstone patients to identify different microbial community patterns and novel biliary bacteria – Hongzhang Shen – Scientific Reports

Improvement in Human Immune Function with Changes in Intestinal Microbiota by Salacia reticulata Extract Ingestion: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial – Yuriko Oda – PLOS ONE

Establishing a Fecal Microbiota Transplant Service for the treatment of Clostridium difficile Infection – Samuel P. Costello – Clinical Infectious Diseases

Review: From Hype to Hope: The Gut Microbiota in Enteric Infectious Disease
Peter T. McKenney – Cell

Research Highlight: Can Your Microbiome Tell You What to Eat? – Jairam K.P. Vanamala – Cell Metabolism

Review: Nutrition in cancer patients with cachexia: a role for the gut microbiota? – Laure B. Bindels – Clinical Nutrition Experimental

Review: What’s bugging the gut in OCD? A review of the gut microbiome in obsessive-compulsive disorder – Jasmine Turna – Depression and Anxiety

Book Chapter: Bile Acids, the Microbiome and Metabolic Disease-Implications for Surgery – Cyrus Jahansouz – Metabolic Syndrome and Diabetes

Animal and bioreactor models

Gut Microbiota Orchestrates Energy Homeostasis during Cold – Claire Chevalier – Cell

Microbiota-Modulated Metabolites Shape the Intestinal Microenvironment by Regulating NLRP6 Inflammasome Signaling – Maayan Levy – Cell

Levan Enhances Associated Growth of Bacteroides, Escherichia, Streptococcus and Faecalibacterium in Fecal Microbiota – Kaarel Adamberg – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Cattle: Exploring the Gastrointestinal “Nemabiome”: Deep Amplicon Sequencing to Quantify the Species Composition of Parasitic Nematode Communities – Russell W. Avramenko – PLOS ONE

Seals: Brain Meta-Transcriptomics from Harbor Seals to Infer the Role of the Microbiome and Virome in a Stranding Event – Stephanie M. Rosales – PLOS ONE

Shrimp: Bacterial concentration and diversity in fresh tropical shrimps (Penaeus notialis) and the surrounding brackish waters and sediment – D. Sylvain Dabadé – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Science and art: Soil microbial communities along the route of a venturous cycling trip – Magdalena Nagler – Applied Soil Ecology

Disease suppression in winter wheat from novel symbiosis with forest fungi – Mary Ridout – Fungal Ecology

Multifunctionality and diversity of culturable bacterial communities strictly associated with spores of the plant beneficial symbiont Rhizophagus intraradices – Fabio Battini – Microbiological Research

Plant Host Species and Geographic Distance Affect the Structure of Aboveground Fungal Symbiont Communities, and Environmental Filtering Affects Belowground Communities in a Coastal Dune Ecosystem – Aaron S. David – Plant Microbe Interactions

The impact of charcoal and soil mixtures on decomposition and soil microbial communities in boreal forest – Nathalie Pluchon – Applied Soil Ecology

Endophytic Actinobacteria and the Interaction of Micromonospora and Nitrogen Fixing Plants – Martha E. Trujillo – Frontiers in Microbiology

The microbiome and functions of black soils are altered by dibutyl phthalate contamination – Zhigang Wang – Applied Soil Ecology

Microbiological and faunal soil attributes of coffee cultivation under different management systems in Brazil – D.R. Lammel – Brazilian Journal of Biology

Spatial Patterns in Biofilm Diversity across Hierarchical Levels of River-Floodplain Landscapes – Marc Peipoch – PLOS ONE

Extremophile microbiome

Bacterial biogeography influenced by shelf–basin exchange in the Arctic surface sediment at the Chukchi Borderland – Dukki Han – Environmental Microbiology

Built environment microbiology

First microbiota assessments of children’s paddling pool waters evaluated using 16S rRNA gene-based metagenome analysis – Toko Sawabe – Journal of Infection and Public Health

Summary of Sloan symposium: healthy buildings 2015-Europe – Hal Levin – Microbiome

Waste microbiology

Characterization of a microbial consortium that converts mariculture fish waste to biomethane – Brigit Quinn – Aquaculture

More microbiology

Ankyrin-mediated self-protection during cell invasion by the bacterial predator Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus – Carey Lambert – Nature Communications

Phages and viruses

In retrospect: A century of phage lessons – Forest Rohwer & Anca M. Segall – Nature

Science, publishing, and career

Scientific Misconduct: Red Flags: Warning signs that scandal might be brewing in your lab – John R. Thomas Jr – The Scientist

Explaining Retractions: Editors and publishers should use a standardized form to detail why they are pulling papers from the scientific literature – Hervé Maisonneuve and Evelyne Decullier – The Scientist

Self Correction: What to do when you realize your publication is fatally flawed – Kerry Grens – The Scientist

Microbes in the news

Why It’s Time to Map the Microbiome (Kavli Roundtable) – Alan Brown, The Kavli Foundation – LiveScience

Scientists Argue Appendix Might Not Be ‘Irrelevant’ to Our Health, Propose This as the Organ’s Current Function – Liz Klimas – The Blaze

Immune cells make appendix ‘silent hero’ of digestive health – Walter and Eliza Hall Institute – EurekAlert

Bugs Against Disease: Could bacteria help fight colorectal cancer? A collaborative group of Tufts researchers hope to find out – Jacqueline Mitchell – Tufts Now

New research: Intestinal bacteria are affected by antidiabetic drugs – EurekAlert
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