September 30, 2015

Gut virome in infants, metabolome of Mediterranean diet, zebrafish gut assembly, antibiotic use and psoriasis risk, Roseobacter proteomics, and MetaPhlAn2.

Pregnancy and birth

The gut virome and bacterial microbiome—the early years – Katrina Ray – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Early life dynamics of the human gut virome and bacterial microbiome in infants
Efrem S Lim – Nature Medicine

Human oral microbiome

Functional biomarkers for chronic periodontitis and insights into the roles of Prevotella nigrescens and Fusobacterium nucleatum; a metatranscriptome analysis – Szymon P Szafrański – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Urease and Dental Plaque Microbial Profiles in Children – Evangelia Morou-Bermudez – PLOS ONE

High prevalence of colonization of oral cavity by respiratory pathogens in frail older patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia – O. Ortega – Neurogastroenterology & Motility

Periodontal-disease-associated biofilm: A reservoir for pathogens of medical importance – Ana Paula Vieira Colombo – Microbial Pathogenesis

Human gut microbiome

High-level adherence to a Mediterranean diet beneficially impacts the gut microbiota and associated metabolome – Francesca De Fillippis – Gut

Review: Clinical and Pathophysiological Consequences of Alterations in the Microbiome in Cirrhosis – Jane Macnaughtan – American Journal of Gastroenterology

Animal models

Ontogenetic Differences in Dietary Fat Influence Microbiota Assembly in the Zebrafish Gut – Sandi Wong – mBio

Antibiotics in neonatal life increase murine susceptibility to experimental psoriasis
Peter Zanvit – Nature Communications

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Plant diversity shapes microbe-rhizosphere effects on P mobilisation from organic matter in soil – Nina Hacker – Ecology Letters

Oily waste containing natural radionuclides: does it cause stimulation or inhibition of soil bacterial community? – Polina Galitskaya – Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science

Plant diversity shapes microbe-rhizosphere effects on P mobilisation from organic matter in soil – Nina Hacker – Ecology Letters

Water microbiome

Proteomics of the Roseobacter clade, a window to the marine microbiology landscape – Joseph A. Christie-Oleza – Proteomics

Extremophile microbiome

Perspective: The discovery of Antarctic RNA viruses: a new game changer – Ricardo Cavicchioli – Molecular Ecology

Metagenomics and bioinformatics

MetaPhlAn2 for enhanced metagenomic taxonomic profiling – Duy Tin Truong – Nature Methods

Metabolomics, proteomics

An automated Genomes-to-Natural Products platform (GNP) for the discovery of modular natural products – Chad W. Johnston – Nature Communications

Proteomics of the Roseobacter clade, a window to the marine microbiology landscape – Joseph A. Christie-Oleza – Proteomics

CRISPRs

Multiple mechanisms for CRISPR–Cas inhibition by anti-CRISPR proteins – Joseph Bondy-Denomy – Nature

Review: CRISPR-Cas immunity in prokaryotes – Luciano A. Marraffini – Nature

Microbes in the news

Study Links Skin Microbiome to Infections – Skin Inc

Ancient ‘Superman’ microbe’s ability to withstand damage to its DNA could be key to unlocking cancer cure, Chinese scientists say – Stephen Chen – South China Morning Post

Another Frontier in Microbiome Research: Preterm Birth – Julie A. Jacob – JAMA

Science, publishing, and career

A taxonomy of authorship roles – Credit Casrai

Bik’s Picks

What if everyone lived to 100? – Georgina Peters – London Business School Review

Gene-Edited “Micropigs” to Be Sold as Pets: The institute in Shenzhen, China, that creates the pigs quoted an initial price tag of $1,600 – David Cyranoski – Scientific American / Nature

1500-Year-Old Mosaic Map Found – Rossella Lorenzi – Discovery

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