January 23, 2015

Several papers on the effect of functional foods on the microbiome, fecal bacteria of the blue tit, and finding an old vial of bacteria.

Human gut microbiome

Toll-like receptor 5 in obesity: The role of gut microbiota and adipose tissue inflammation – Satu Pekkala – Obesity

Gut microbial and short-chain fatty acid profiles in adults with chronic constipation before and after treatment with lubiprostone – Dae-Wook Kang – Anaerobe

Review: New aspects on the metabolic role of intestinal microbiota in the development of atherosclerosis – Ioannis Drosos – Metabolism

Review: The influence of diet on the gut microbiota and its consequences for health – Joël Doré, Hervé Blottière – Current Opinion in Biotechnology

Animal and other models of microbiome research

Effects of Probiotic Enterococcus faecium NCIMB 11181 Administration on Swine Fecal Microbiota Diversity and Composition using Barcoded Pyrosequencing – Edward Alain B. Pajarillo – Animal Feed Science and Technology

Influences of structures of galactooligosaccharides and fructooligosaccharides on the fermentation in vitro by human intestinal microbiota – Wei Li – Journal of Functional Foods

Differential effects of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics on gut microbiota and gene expression in rats – Gunaranjan Paturi – Journal of Functional Foods

Animal microbiome

Phylogenetic diversity and biological activity of culturable Actinobacteria isolated from freshwater fish gut microbiota – Mansooreh Jami – Microbiological Research

Life history correlates of fecal bacterial species richness in a wild population of the blue tit Cyanistes caeruleus – Clare McW. H. Benskin – Ecology and Evolution

Review (could also be filed under plant microbiome): Is there a role for symbiotic bacteria in plant virus transmission by insects? – Patricia V. Pinheiro – Current Opinion in Insect Science

Plant microbiome

Endophytic fungi from the genus Colletotrichum are abundant in the Phaseolus vulgaris and have high genetic diversity – L.L. Gonzaga – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Bioreactor microbiome

Effect of hygienization treatment on the recovery and/or regrowth of microbial indicators in sewage sludge – M. Pascual-Benito – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Metabolomics and Proteomics

Review: New aspects on the metabolic role of intestinal microbiota in the development of atherosclerosis – Ioannis Drosos – Metabolism

Not in microbes, but of note: Tissue-based map of the human proteome – Mathias Uhlén – Science

Microbial detection general

First Experience of a Multicenter External Quality Assessment of Molecular 16S rRNA Gene Detection in Bone and Joint Infections – Chloé Plouzeau – Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Use of Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization–Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry for Identification of Molds of the Fusarium Genus – David Triest – Journal of Clinical Microbiology

A combined light sheet fluorescence and differential interference contrast microscope for live imaging of multicellular specimens – R.P. Baker – Journal of Microscopy

Infection and Immunity

Twin study @Stanford: Variation in the Human Immune System Is Largely Driven by Non-Heritable Influences – Petter Brodin – Cell

Hidden costs of infection: Chronic malaria accelerates telomere degradation and senescence in wild birds – M. Asghar – Science

Review: Advances in Laboratory Methods for Detection and Typing of Norovirus – Jan Vinjé – Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Combating the emerging viral infectious diseases – Shibo Jiang, Peter J. Hotez – Microbes and Infection

Phages, viruses, CRISPRs

Transcriptional regulator-mediated activation of adaptation genes triggers CRISPR de novo spacer acquisition – Tao Liu – Nucleic Acids Research

Microbes in the news
Breathing in Bacteria – The healthy lung receives microbes from the mouth, a new model suggests – Jenny Rood – The Scientist

Viruses may play unexpected role in inflammatory bowel diseases – Science Daily

Researchers See IBD-related Shifts in Individuals’ Gut Viromes – GenomeWeb

How gut bacteria may affect brain health – ScienceCodex

New microbiome drug candidate licensed by major manufacturer – Healio.com

When the Microbiome Stages a Coup – GenomeWeb

Environment, not genes, plays starring role in human immune variation, study finds – Stanford Medicine

Dirty Mouth? Chewing Gum Removes Millions Of Bacteria, But With One Catch – Philip Ross – International Business Times

We’ve found a strange box at our student microbiology lab… – AwesomeScience – Imgur

Immune system promotes digestive health by fostering community of ‘good’ bacteria – EurekAlert

The New Measles – One of the most infectious viruses on the planet is making a comeback in the United States, and many doctors have never even seen it – Adrienne Lafrance – The Atlantic

Science, publishing, and career

Intel Science Talent Search finalists: 9 of 40 from Bay Area – James Urton and Sharon Noguchi – Mercury News

Should Teachers be Allowed to Touch Students? – Jessica Lahey – The Atlantic

Science and art

100 Years of National Geographic Maps: The Art and Science of Where – Cathy Newman – National Geographic

Kitty Microbiome – Artologica – Etsy

Bik’s Picks

Major breakthrough in reading ancient scrolls – Science Daily

The geometry of their shells keeps turtles from getting stuck on their back – Seriously Science – Discover Magazine

Scottish scientists slow down speed of light – Robert Ferris – CNBC

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