August 22, 2022

Highlights!!

Personalized microbiome-driven effects of non-nutritive sweeteners on human glucose tolerance – Jotham Suez – Cell a randomized-controlled trial (120 healthy adults) observed the effects of saccharin, sucralose, aspartame, and stevia on the human microbiome showed person-specific, microbiome-dependent glycemic alterations. Saccharin and sucralose significantly impaired glycemic responses.

A comprehensive evaluation of microbial differential abundance analysis methods: current status and potential solutions – Lu Yang – Microbiome → assessment of several differential abundance analysis (DAA) tools, using real data-based simulations, suggests that “none of the evaluated methods is simultaneously robust, powerful, and flexible, which makes the selection of the best DAA tool difficult”. These findings suggest that the application of a DAA method depends of data context.  

Systematic Review: Probiotics and Synbiotics Supplementation Improve Glycemic Control Parameters in Subjects with Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A GRADE-assessed systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression of randomized clinical trials – Kaveh Naseri – Pharmacological Research → “Our findings suggest that probiotic and synbiotic intake has favorable effects on glycemic profile in patients with prediabetes and T2DM.”

Human and General Microbiome

The diversity and abundance of gut microbiota are associated with the pain sensation threshold in the Japanese population – Yuki Takeuchi – Neurobiology of Disease

Oral microbiota associated with gingiva of healthy, gingivitis and periodontitis cases – Nemmat A Hussein – Microbial Pathogenesis

Effects of extracellular vesicles derived from oral bacteria on osteoclast differentiation and activation – Hyun Young Kim – Scientific Reports

Porphyromonas gingivalis is a risk factor for the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease via ferroptosis – Chao Yao – Microbes and Infection

Review: The Role of a Gut Microbial-Derived Metabolite, Trimethylamine N-Oxide (TMAO), in Neurological Disorders – Sankar Simla Praveenraj – Molecular Neurobiology

Review: The association between early-life gut microbiota and childhood respiratory diseases: a systematic review – Cristina Garcia-Maurino Alcazar – The Lancet. Microbe

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Effect of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis SF on enhancing the tumor suppression of irinotecan by regulating the intestinal flora – Zhongyue Ren – Pharmacological Research

Effect of probiotic supplementation on plasma metabolite profile after Roux-Y gastric bypass: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial – Marília Rizzon Zaparolli Ramos – International Journal of Obesity 

Faecalibaculum rodentium remodels retinoic acid signaling to govern eosinophil-dependent intestinal epithelial homeostasis – Y Grace Cao – Cell Host & Microbe

Human milk nutrient fortifiers alter the developing gastrointestinal microbiota of very-low-birth-weight infants – Michelle R Asbury – Cell Host & Microbe

More Microbes

Diversity of ethanolamine utilization by human commensal Escherichia coli – Maria Ines Moreira de Gouveia – Research in Microbiology

Review: Archaea from the gut microbiota of humans: Could be linked to chronic diseases? – Denise Mafra – Anaerobe

Animal Microbiome

Genomic insights into the phylogeny and biomass-degrading enzymes of rumen ciliates – Zongjun Li – The ISME Journal

Environmental Microbiome

Microbiota and mobile genetic elements influence antibiotic resistance genes in dust from dense urban public places – Tianshu Feng – Environmental Pollution 

Review: Synergy between microalgae and microbiome in polluted waters – Noreen Ashraf – Trends in Microbiology

Bioinformatic Tools and Microbiome Analysis Techniques

Review: Molecular tools for probing the microbiome – Marcelo Der Torossian Torres – Current Opinion in Structural Biology

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