June 7, 2018

 

Today’s microbiology highlights: Microbiome in pregnancies, microbiome of SLE, Mycobacteria of a karst region, skin microbiome of non-human mammals. And lab diversity, potential problem in big data, Paris climate agreement of 1.5⁰C increase among the non-microbe highlights.

 

General microbiome

Biochemical, molecular and antibiotic resistance profile of multi-potential toluene metabolizing bacteria isolated from tannery effluents – F Muccee – bioRxiv

Pregnancy and early life

Review: Microbiome in normal and pathological pregnancies: A literature overview – CR Taddei – AJRI

Multi-site human microbiome

Multidrug resistant pathogens respond differently to the presence of co-pathogen, commensal, probiotic and host cells – AP Chan – Scientific Reports

 

Human gut microbiome

Proton Pump Inhibitor Initiation and Withdrawal affects Gut Microbiota and Readmission Risk in Cirrhosis – JS Bajaj – AJG

Review: Early-Life Food Nutrition, Microbiota Maturation and Immune Development Shape Life-Long Health – X Zhou – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Animal experiments

Intermittent Fasting Confers Protection in CNS Autoimmunity by Altering the Gut Microbiota – F Cignarella – Cell Metabolism

The Microbiome and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus – JT Rosenbaum – The New England Journal of Medicine

Review: The probiotic effectiveness in experimental colitis is correlated with gut microbiome and host genetic features – S Suwal – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome 

Comprehensive skin microbiome analysis reveals the uniqueness of human skin and evidence for phylosymbiosis within the class Mammalia – AA Ross – PNAS

Alterations in the gut (Gallus gallus) microbiota following the consumption of zinc biofortified wheat (Triticum aestivum) -based diet – S Reed – ACS

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Nontuberculous mycobacteria in the environment of Hranice Abyss, the world’s deepest flooded cave (Hranice karst, Czech Republic) – I Pavlik – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Built environment 

Toxicity assessment of pharmaceutical compounds on mixed culture from activated sludge using respirometric technique: The role of microbial community structure – IA Vasiliadou – Science of The Total Environment

Food microbiology

Effect of herbal feed additives on performance parameters, intestinal microbiota, intestinal morphology and meat lipid oxidation of broiler chickens – I Giannenas – British Poultry Science

 

Techniques

Identifying and Overcoming Threats to Reproducibility, Replicability, Robustness, and Generalizability in Microbiome Research – PD Schloss – mBio

Next-Generation Sequencing Could be a Promising Diagnostic Approach for Pathogen Detection: Pathogenic Analysis of Pediatric Bacterial Meningitis by Next-Generation Sequencing Technology Directly from Cerebrospinal Fluid Specimens – L Guo – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Media Advisory: Live exhibit of dance and song on tiny world of bacteria inside us comes to Buffalo Museum of Science – UB News Center

Non-microbiology picks

These labs are remarkably diverse — here’s why they’re winning at science – Nature

Big data little help in megafauna mysteries – Nature

What does it take to make an institution more diverse? – Nature

The many possible climates from the Paris Agreement’s aim of 1.5 °C warming – Nature

 

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